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Important Dates and Years in World History

We all live in a great world. Many great events happened in the history of world on Earth. If you are the important dates and years of great history calendar then you are aware with your past. If don’t then go through the post, will lead you some of the important historical dates and years. The below table describes the details from the B.C., A.D. to current decade.

B.C
776
First Olympiad in Greece
753
Rome founded
490
Battle of Marathon; the Greeks defeated the Iranians/ Persians.
327-26
Invasion of India by Alexander, Battle of Hydaspes.
221
Chin-Hung Ti ‘Universal Emperor’ in China, Great Wall of China Completed.
55
Invasion of Britain by Julius Caesar, the Great Roman General.
44
Assassination of Julius Caesar by Brutus.
4
Birth of Jesus Christ.
A. D.
29
Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
43
Roman conquest of Britain.
570
Birth of Prophet Muhammad at Mecca.
622
Migration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina (Hijira), Beginning of Hijira Era (Mohammedan calendar) on July 15.
800
Charlemagne Crowned Roman Emperor at St. Peter’s
871
Accession of Alfred the Great to the throne of Britain.
901
Death of King Alfred the Great .
1066
Battle of Hastings; Norman invasion of England. William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, defeated the England king Harold II at Hastings.
1215
Magna Carta of the Great Charter signed by king john II at Runnymede in England on June 15.
1280
Gunpowder invented by Roger Bacon.
1338
The Hundred Years War broke out; it lasted up to 1453.
1431
Joan of Arc, a brave French peasant girl, Obtained victory over the England at Orleans. She was burnt alive at the stakes.
1443
the Black Death i.e., plague broke out in England.
1453 the Capture of Constantinople (the home of classical learning) by the Ottoman Turks compelled the Greek scholars to flee to Italy and other West European countries, where they spread the knowledge of Greek philosophy and literature. This was the beginning of Renaissance in Europe.
1486
Bartholomew Diaz rounded the Cape of Good Hope.
1492
Columbus Sailed on his first expedition to the West Indies which
Later led to the discovery of America (the New World).
1498
Vasco Da Gama, a Portuguese, discovered the Seat-route to India via the Cape of Good Hope.
1517
Beginning of Reformation.
1529-36
Reformation in England under Henry VIII.
1564
Birth of Shakespeare.
1571
Battle of Lepanto; Turks defeated by the Christian League.
1577
Drake, the famous England admiral , started his voyage round the World for the first time and plundered Spanish ships and ports in South America.
1588
Admiral Drake defeated the Spanish ’Armada’ England became the ‘Mistress of the Seas’
1600
Establishment of the British East India Company in India (31st Dec)
1605
Gunpowder plot in England to Blow up the England Parliament.
1616
Shakespeare passes away.
1649
Trial and execution of Charles I, beginning of Commonwealth.
1649-60
The Commonwealth and the protectorate in England.
1660
Restoration of Monarchy in England.
1665
The Great plague in London.
1679
Habeas Corpus Act.
1688
The Glorious of Bloodless Revolution in England. Despotic rule of the Stuarts ended, and the Parliamentary rule began .Establishment of parliamentary supremacy and abolition of the Divine Rights of Kings.
1704
Battle of Blenheim; Marlborough and Eugene inflicted a crushing defeat on the French army.
1707
Union of England and Scotland.
1763
Treaty of Paris; It ended the Seven Years’ War (1756-63 ); weakened France, made England a great colonial power.
1776
Declaration of American Independence and formation of federal Republic of 13 states called the United States of America (July 4).
1783
Treaty of Versailles; England recognized the the independence of the United States of America.
1789
George Washington elected First President of USA. Beginning of French Revolution: Fall of the Bastille Fort (July 14)
1798
Battle of Trafalgar; death of Nelson.
Battle of Austerliz- Napolean Bonaparte routed a combined army of the Russians and the Austrians.
1815
Battle of Waterloo – Napolean was defeated and exiled to st. Helena.
Congress of Vienna, it aimed at rearranging the map of Europe; The Vienna settlement proved unsatisfactory, because it disregarded national claims.
1821
Death of Napolean at St. Helena (May 5).
1827
Battle of Navatino; the Allied fleets of England, Russia and France destroyed the Turkish fleet; This victory practically secured the independence of Greece.
1832
Reforms Bill padded ; French captured Antwerp.
1833
Emancipation of penny Postage system in England by Sir Rowland
Hill; Aden annexed by England.
1854
The Crimean War began; Russia attacked Turkey; England and France came to the rescue of Turkey.
1861
American Civil War started. Abraham Lincon elected 16 th president of USA.
1863
Slavery abolished in America.
1869
Suez Canal opened for traffic.
1885
General Golden captured and slain at Khartoum.
1899
Beginning of the Boar War.
1904
Outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War.
1905
Battle of the sea of Japan; Japan inflicted a crushing naval defect on Russia; a wave of nationalism spread in Asia.
1911
Chinese Republican Revolution; Amundsen reached south pole (Dec.14).
1914
Outbreak of World War I (Aug.4).
1916
Battle of Jutland (Naval Battle). The British Grand Fleet under Admiral Jellico defeated the German fleet under Admiral Scheer.
1917
March /Feb. Revolution in Russia :the Czar abdicated and later assassinated; reformist Mensheviks came into power (Prince Luou, Kerensky).
Nov./ Oct. Revolution in Russia ; Revolutionary Bolsheviks came into power (Lenin).
1918
End of World War I (Nov.11).
1919
The Paris Conference; the Treaty of Versailles.
1920
Foundation of the League of Nation (Jan. 10).
1921
The Irish Free State established with the status of dominion like Canada (Dec .6).
1923
Turkish Republic proclaimed with kemal Ataturk as its First Presidents.
1924
Lenin died, and power passed into the hands of Stalin in Russia .
1925
Treaty of Locarno (Between Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Belgium).
1928
Kellogg Pact (signed in Paris by the principal powers of the world for the prevention of war; it had no effect).
1933
Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany.
1935
War between Italy and Abyssinia (Ethiopia); Italy annexed Abyssinia (Ethiopia); Plebiscite in Saar.
1939
Germany invaded Poland : Outbreak of World War II (sep. 1).
1940
Fall of France after German invasion (June 5); Italy entered World War II (June 11).
1941
Hitler invades Russia (June 22); Framing of the Atlantic Charter (Aug. 14); Japan attacked pearl harbour (Hawaii Island ) (Dec.7);
USA entered World War II (Dec.8); China entered World War II
(Dec.10)Air raids by Japan on Rangoon (Dec.22).
1942
Capture of Singapore by Japanese forces (Feb.15); Battle of Coral Sea Japanese fleet suffered heavy losses at the hands of the American fleet (May 3); Battle of Stalingrad (Sep.19).
1943
Defect of Germany at Stalingrad (Feb .8); Battle if the Bismarck Sea, American defeated Japan in a naval battle (March .4); Invasion Of Italy by the Allies, Armistice between Italy & the Allies (Sep.3).
1944
Allied forces landed in Normandy under the supreme command of General lke (Eisenhower); (D-Day) (June.6); Liberation of Paris (Aug.25).
1945
Execution of Mussolini (Apr.22); Unconditional surrender of Germany to the Allies (May 7); USA dropped atom bomb on Hiroshima & Nagasaki of Japan (Aug,6& Aug.9); Unconditional surrender of Japan (Aug.14); World War II Ended (Aug.14); Foundation of UNO (Oct.24).

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