Here are some brief of name of battles, happened in year (period) and involved countries:
|Name of the Battle||Year||Countries involved|
|Battle of Marathon||490 BC||Athenians and Persians. King Darius of Persia defeated.|
|Battle of Thermoplaye||480 BC||Spartans led by Leonidas and Persians led by Xerexes. Greeks defeated.|
|Battle of Salamis||480 BC||Athenian fleet and Persian fleet in bay of Salamis; Persian fleet defeated.|
|Battle of Platae||479 BC||Greek and Persians forces defeated.|
|Battle of Mycale||479 BC||Greek and Persian fleets; Persian fleet defeated.|
|Spartan War I (Peloponesian War)||459 BC||Sparta and Athens, lasted for 30 years.|
|Spartan War II||431 BC-421||Sparta and Athens; Spartans victorious.|
|Battle of Arabia||331 BC||Greek and Persian forces; Greeks victorious.|
|Battle of Magnesia||190 BC||Syrian and Roman forces; Syrian forces defeated (North-west Lydia).|
|Battle of Pharasalus||48 AD||Caesar defeated Pompey.|
|Battle of Hastings||1066||William, the Duck of Normandy defeated Harold, the king of England. England came under the control of Normans.|
|Hundred- year War||1338-
|Fought between France and England .
The cause of the war was the succession was claimed to the throne of France which was claimed by Edward III of England. The war was resume by Henry V and was brought to an end by the Heroism of Joan of Arc – ‘A Country girl who overthrew the power of England ‘. John of Arc was burnt alive at the stakes in 1431.
|War of the Roses||1455-
|Civil War in England; The Cause of the
War was a struggle for the throne o England between the two royal houses of Lancaster and York.
(Spanish armada War)
|1588||Spanish and England fleets fought in the England Channel; The English fleet under lord Howard Defeated of the Spanish Armada.|
|Battle of Gibraltar Way||1607||The Dutch defeated the Spanish and Portuguese.|
|Stated as religious-cum-political war
Between the Lutherans and Catholics in
Germany and developed into an international war.
|Civil War in England||1642-
|Between Cavaliers (King Charles I supporters)and forces of Parliament led by Oliver Cromwell, king Charles I executed .|
|Battle of Blenheim||1704||England and Austria headed by Marlborough defended France and Russia.|
|War of Austrian
|Queen of Austria, Maria Theresa
(daughter of Charles VII ) was Challenged by king Frederick II of Prussia. England Supported the Queen and Frederick II was helped by France. Ended with a Treaty Which recognized the Queen’s right to the throne after the death of king Frederick.
|Seven -Year War
(Anglo-French War III)
|Britain and France against Austria and
Prussia; the British alliance won.
|Battle of the Nile||1798||British and French fleets, Britain victorious.|
|Battle of Trafolgar||1805||British fleet defeated fleets of France and Spain. British fleets were commanded by Admiral Nelson, who was killed during the Battle.|
|Battle of Austerliz||1805||Britain , Austria ,Russia and Prussia .On side and France on the other. Napoleon (France) defeated Austria and Russia.|
|Battle of Borodino||1812||Between France and Russia. Napolean invaded Russia at Borodino, and nearly defeated the Russians. However on reaching Moscow, his army suffered heavy losses and was forced to retreat. Napolean’s ill-fated attack on Russia market the beginning of the downfall of the French Empire.|
|Battle of Leipzing||1813||Germany and combined force of Austria, Prussia and Russia, Defeated Napolean.|
|Battle of Waterloo||1815||British forces and by Duke of Wellington (sir Arthur Wellesly) defeated French forces led by Napolean. Napolean was Captured and exiled to St. Helena where he died in 1821.|
|First Opium War||1840||China and Britain; Chinese yielded opium. It was a trade war.|
|The Combined forces of the British,
French and Turks defeated Russia.
|American Civil War||1861-
|Northern states of America under
Abraham Lincon defeated the Southern states and abolished the slavery.
|Sino- Japanese War||1894-
|Japan Defeated China and occupied
Formosa and Korea.
|Battle of Omdurman||1898||The British and Egyptian forces defeated
The forces of Khalifa (Mehdits).
|The revolt of Transvaal Boers was
Suppressed by the British forces. Boers belonged to Dutch Protestant stock who opposed Britishers because of abolition of slavery by Britain.
|Russo- Japanese War
(Battle of Port Arthur& Battle of Yalu)
|Russia and Japan in the sea of Japan.
Russia defeated; It led the wave of the idea of Asian Resurgence.
|Balkan War I||1912||Turkey and Balkan countries (Montenegro, Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece), Turkey defeated.|
|Balkan War II||1913||Invasion of Serbia and Greece by Bulgaria. Bulgaria was Defeated by Combined forces of Serbia, Greece. Rumania, Montengro who stripped Turkey of most of its European territories.|
|World War I||1914-
|Central Power (Germany and its allies)
Against the Allied Power (Britain and its allies); Central power were deeated. Famous Battles : (1). First battle of Marne (1914)- France defeated Germany.
(2). Battle o Jutland(1916)- Naval battle between England and Germany. England defeated Germany. (3). Battle of Verdun (1916)- Fought between France & Germany . (4). Second battle of Marne(1918) – France defeated Germany.
|World War II||1939-
|Axis Powers (Germany and its allies)
Against the Allied Power (Britain and its allies); Axis Power were defeated. Famous Battle: Battle of EI Alamein (1942)-The Allies victory during the World War II and retreat of General Rommel’s forces.