List of Important National Highways, Railway Zones and Major Ports of India
Indian National Highways:
The national highways network of India is a network of highways that is managed and maintained by agencies of the Government of India. These highways measured over 100,087 km (62,191 mi) as of June 2016, including over 1,000 km (620 mi) of limited-access expressways (motorways). It is the second longest highway system in the world after China’s (111,950 kilometres (69,560 mi)).
The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is the nodal agency responsible for building, upgrading and maintaining most of the national highways network. It operates under the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. The National Highways Development Project (NHDP) is a major effort to expand and upgrade the network of highways.
|Name of National Highways||Connects|
|NH 1||New Delhi-Ambala- Jalandhar -Amritsar.|
|NH 2||Delhi -Mathua -Agra-Kanpur –Allahabad –Varanadi -Kolkata.|
|NH 3||Agra-Gwalior -Nasik-Mumbai|
|NH 4||Thand and Chennai via Pune and Belgaun.|
|NH 5||Kolkata -Chennai|
|NH 6||Kolkata -Dhule|
|NH 7||Varanasi -Kanyakumari|
|NH 8||Delhi –Mumbai (Via Jaipur, Baroda and Ahmedabad)|
|NH 9||Mumbai –Vijaywada|
Note: NH-7 is the longest highway of India.
List of Indian Railway Zones:
The Indian Railways is divided into zones, which are further sub-divided into divisions, each having a divisional headquarters. There are a total of 70 divisions.
Each of the divisions, is headed by a Divisional Railway Manager (DRM) who reports to the General Manager (GM) of the zone. A DRM can be appointed from any services of Indian Railway, Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS), IRAS ,IES , IRPS etc.for the tenure of 3 years but it can be exceeded on the recommendation of Railway Board. Divisional officers heading all departments viz. engineering, mechanical, electrical, signal and telecommunication, accounts, personnel, operating, commercial, safety, medical, security branches report to the Divisional Railway Manager. The DRM is assisted by one or two Additional Divisional Railway Managers (ADRM) in the working of the division.
List of 17 zones and the 70 divisions of Indian Railways:
|Name of Railway Zones||Length (Km)||Headquarters||Railway Divisions|
|Northern Railway||6968||Delhi||Delhi, Ambala, Firozpur, Lucknow NR,Moradabad|
|North Eastern Railway||3667||Gorakhpur||Izzatnagar, Lucknow NER, Varanasi|
|Northeast Frontier Railway||3907||Guwahati||Alipurduar, Katihar, Rangiya, Lumding, Tinsukia|
|Eastern Railway||2414||Kolkata||Howrah, Sealdah, Asansol, Malda|
|South Eastern Railway||2631||Kolkata||Adra, Chakradharpur, Kharagpur, Ranchi|
|South Central Railway||5803||Secunderabad||Secunderabad, Hyderabad,Vijayawada,Guntakal, Guntur, Nanded|
|Southern Railway||5098||Chennai||Chennai, Tiruchirappalli, Madurai,Palakkad, Salem, Thiruvananthapuram|
|Central Railway||3905||Mumbai||Mumbai, Bhusawal, Pune, Solapur,Nagpur|
|Western Railway||6182||Mumbai||Mumbai WR, Ratlam, Ahmedabad, Rajkot,Bhavnagar, Vadodara|
|South Western Railway||3177||Hubballi||Hubballi, Bengaluru, Mysuru,|
|North Western Railway||5459||Jaipur||Jaipur, Ajmer, Bikaner, Jodhpur|
|West Central Railway||2965||Jabalpur||Jabalpur, Bhopal, Kota|
|North Central Railway||3151||Allahabad||Allahabad, Agra, Jhansi|
|South East Central Railway||2447||Bilaspur||Bilaspur, Raipur, Nagpur SEC|
|East Coast Railway||2572||Bhubaneswar||Khurda Road, Sambalpur, Waltair|
|East Central Railway||3628||Hajipur||Danapur, Dhanbad, Mughalsarai,Samastipur, Sonpur|
|Konkan Railway||741||CBD Belapur, Navi Mumbai||Karwar, Ratnagiri|
The 12 Major Sea Ports of India
The nine coastal Indian states Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal are home to all major and minor ports of India. The long coastline of India forms one of the biggest piece of land into a body of water,These twelve major Indian Ports are handle a large volume of cargo traffic and container traffic. There are total 13 major sea ports of India,out of 12 are government and one, Ennore port of Chennai is the corporate one. Ennore Port is one of the major port of India located at Coromandel Coast of Tamil Nadu state along with private Krishnapatnam Port.
List of 12 Major Sea Ports of India
|Tuticorin Port||Tamil Nadu|
|Chennai Port||Tamil Nadu|
|Vizag Port||Andhra Pradesh|
|Haldia port||West Bengal|