India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य Bharat Gaṇarajya; see also other Indian languages), is a country in South Asia. It is a parliamentary federal republic consisting of 28 states and 7 union territories. It is the seventh largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometers (4,671 mi). It borders Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Bangladesh and Burma to the east. India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Indonesia in the Indian Ocean. (via Wikipedia)
India is land of pilgrims and pilgrimages. These holy places, whether in the hills or in the plains, are generally situated on river-banks or by the sea. It is not only religious people who visit these places of pilgrimage. Also travelers and sightseers from all over India and even from abroad visit these. Wherever two or more rivers meet, pilgrims come to bathe and worship, because that place is supposed to be holy. In the north-wester region of India travellers often cross the tributaries of Indus and see strange and beautiful sights. Here we have one of the rarest places of pilgrimage. This is Monimahesh situated beside the beautiful lake of the same name. To reach it, pilgrims trek along the river Ravi. Just beyond are the beautiful Kalu and Kangra Valleys, known for their delicious fruit and works of art.
Location and Position of India World Scale Map:
- Lying between latitude 8˚4’ N to 37˚6’ N and from longitude 68˚4’ E to 97˚25’ E, the country is divided into almost equal parts by the Tropic of Cancer (Passing from Jabalpur in MP).
- The southernmost point in Indian Territory, (in Great Nicobar Island) is the Indira point (6˚45’), while Kanyakumari, also known as Cape Comorin, is the southernmost point of Indian mainland. The country thus lies wholly in the northern and eastern hemispheres.
- The 82˚30’ E longitude is taken as the Standard Time Maridian of India, as it passes through the middle of India (from Naini, near Allahabad).
Area and Boundaries of India
- India stretches 3,214 km. from N to S & 2,933 km. from E to W.
- Area: 32, 87,263 sq. km. Accounts for 2.4% of the total world area and 16% of the population.
- Mainland India has a coastline of 6,100 km. Including the Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar, the coastline measures about 7516.6 km.
- In India, of the total land mass:
- Plains: 43.3%, Plateaus: 27.7%, Hills: 18.6%, Mtns: 10.7%.
- In the South, on the eastern side, the Gulf of Mannar & the Palk Strait separate India from Sri Lanka.
- Total land neighbours: 7 (Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar).
- India’s Islands include the Andaman & Nicobar Islands in Bay of Bengal & Lakshadweep, minicoy & Amindive Islands in the Arabian Sea.
Facts about Position of States of India
- Uttar Pradesh borders maximum number of states- 8 (Eight): Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, MP, Chhatisgath, Jharkhand and Bihar.
- Tropic of Cancer passes through 8 (Eight) States: Gujarat, Rajasthan, MP, Chhatisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram.
- Indian Standard Meridian (82˚30’E meridian) passes through UP, MP, Chhatisgarh, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh.
Himalayan Ranges: For centuries, the mighty Himalayas, crowning the Indian sub-continent, have been revered as the abode of divinity. Hundreds of shrines and pilgrim sites dot the Himalayas foothills and the lofty ice clad peaks, many of them associated with the Indian epics. The sacred River Ganges originates here before winding its way down to the plains. Also in the Himalayas are the prayags or the sacred confluences of the various rivers that feed the River Ganges.
The Himalayan mountain system is the planet’s highest and home to the world’s highest peaks, the Eight-thousanders, which include Mount Everest and K2. To comprehend the enormous scale of this mountain range consider that Aconcagua, in the Andes, at 6,962 m (22,841 ft), is the highest peak outside Asia, whereas the Himalayan system includes over 100 mountains exceeding 7,200 metres (23,622 ft).
Nestling in the Northern lap to the Himalayan Ranges, Himachal Pradesh, literally means the land of the Snow. Valleys overflowing with exotic flowers, snow-capped peaks and green hills, gushing rivers and stream.. Himachal Pradesh is breathtakingly beautiful. It is also home to several temples and Buddhist monasteries.
Few more related links to India with useful information:
- Indian National Trophies Associated with Sports
- Railway Ministers of India
- Indian Bronze Medalists at 16th Asian Games 2010
- Indian Silver Medalists at 16th Asian Games 2010
- Winners of 57th National Film Awards
- Indian Gold Medalists at XIX Commonwealth Games 2010
- XIX Commonwealth Games 2010 Conclude
- Indian National Awards for Mastering in respective Field
- Indian National Awards for Exceptional Work & Services
- Major Projects in India
- Metals found in India at Major Level
- Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize 2010
- Fast Facts about India
- Winners of the Micromax IIFA Awards 2010
- Presidents of Indian National Congress
- Winners of Kerala State Film Awards 2009-10
- List of Amendments to the Indian Constitution
- Awards and Prizes for the year of 2007 & 2008
- Internal Security of India
- Commissioned Ranks in India
- Tax System in India
- Important News Papers and Journals of Freedom Struggle Era India
- Important Battles in the Indian History
- Vice president of India
- Presidents of India
- High Court in India, List of High Courts
- Important Irrigation and Power Project in India
- Banking System in India
- Emergency Provision in India
- First in the India (Male)
- First in India (Female)
- Election and Election Commission in India
- Representation of Indian states and Union Territories in Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha
- Awardees for Stree Shakti Puraskar 2008 and 2009
- Recipient of the Bharatiya Gyanpith Award
- Important Research Center of India
- Localities of Top Indian Cities
- International and Domestic Airports in India
- Important National Highways, Railway Zones and Major Sea Ports of India
- Largest, Longest, Highest And Smallest In India
- List of Important Indian Towns on the River Bank
- Nick Names of Important Indian Places
- National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries of India
- Indian States on the International Boundaries
- Indian Geography and Important Facts
Practice Test and Knowledge Quiz about India:
- National Parks of India Quiz
- Metals in India Quiz
- Projects in India Quiz
- Famous Things in India Quiz
- States of India Quiz
- Agriculture in India Quiz
- Geography of India Quiz
- Rivers in India Quiz
- Republic Day of India Quiz
- Independence Day Quiz
- Prime Ministers of India Quiz
List of Indian States, and information like their capital, language of state and year of establishment.
|States||Capital||Languages||Year of Establishment|
|Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad||Telugu and Urdu||1951|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Itanager||Miji, Apotanji, Merdukpen, Tagin,Adi, Honpa, Bangini-Nishi||1972|
|Goa||Panaji||Marathi and Konkani||1961|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||Hindi and Pahari||1948|
|Mizoram||Aizawl||Mizo and English||1972|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer),Jammu (Winter)||Kashmiri,Dogri, Urdu, Ladakhi,Pahari,Punjabi and Dadri||1948|
|Meghalaya||Shillong||Khasi, Jaintia and Garo||1970|
|Nagaland||Kohima||Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema and Lotha||1963|
|Rajasthan||Jaipur||Rajasthani and Hindi||1948|
|Sikkim||Gangtok||Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu||1975|
|Tripura||Agartala||Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak||1956|
|Andaman & Nicobar||1956|
|National Capital Territory of Delhi||2001|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||1941|
|Daman and Diu||1987|
Here, another table is being providing to complete your knowledge about States of India. In this table we are providing the numbers of district of each state and with their population, literacy & sex ratio.
|States||Districts||Population||Literacy Rate||Sex Ratio|
|Arunachal Pradesh (AR)||16||1,382,611||66.95||920|
|Himachal Pradesh (HP)||12||6,856,509||83.78||920|
|Jammu & Kashmir (JK)||22||12,548,926||68.74||883|
|Madhya Pradesh (MP)||50||72,597,565||70.63||930|
|Residuary Andhra Pradesh (AP)||13||49,665,533||67.41||992|
|Uttar Pradesh (UP)||75||199,581,477||79.63||963|
|West Bengal (WB)||19||91,347,737||77.08||947|
|Andaman & Nicobar (AN)||3||379,944|
|Dadar & Nagar Haveli (DN)||1||342,853|
|Daman and Diu (DD)||2||242,911|