India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य Bharat Gaṇarajya; see also other Indian languages), is a country in South Asia. It is a parliamentary federal republic consisting of 28 states and 7 union territories. It is the seventh largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometers (4,671 mi). It borders Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Bangladesh and Burma to the east. India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Indonesia in the Indian Ocean. (via Wikipedia)
India is land of pilgrims and pilgrimages. These holy places, whether in the hills or in the plains, are generally situated on river-banks or by the sea. It is not only religious people who visit these places of pilgrimage. Also travelers and sightseers from all over India and even from abroad visit these. Wherever two or more rivers meet, pilgrims come to bathe and worship, because that place is supposed to be holy. In the north-wester region of India travellers often cross the tributaries of Indus and see strange and beautiful sights. Here we have one of the rarest places of pilgrimage. This is Monimahesh situated beside the beautiful lake of the same name. To reach it, pilgrims trek along the river Ravi. Just beyond are the beautiful Kalu and Kangra Valleys, known for their delicious fruit and works of art.
Location and Position of India World Scale Map:
Area and Boundaries of India
Facts about Position of States of India
Himalayan Ranges: For centuries, the mighty Himalayas, crowning the Indian sub-continent, have been revered as the abode of divinity. Hundreds of shrines and pilgrim sites dot the Himalayas foothills and the lofty ice clad peaks, many of them associated with the Indian epics. The sacred River Ganges originates here before winding its way down to the plains. Also in the Himalayas are the prayags or the sacred confluences of the various rivers that feed the River Ganges.
The Himalayan mountain system is the planet’s highest and home to the world’s highest peaks, the Eight-thousanders, which include Mount Everest and K2. To comprehend the enormous scale of this mountain range consider that Aconcagua, in the Andes, at 6,962 m (22,841 ft), is the highest peak outside Asia, whereas the Himalayan system includes over 100 mountains exceeding 7,200 metres (23,622 ft).
Nestling in the Northern lap to the Himalayan Ranges, Himachal Pradesh, literally means the land of the Snow. Valleys overflowing with exotic flowers, snow-capped peaks and green hills, gushing rivers and stream.. Himachal Pradesh is breathtakingly beautiful. It is also home to several temples and Buddhist monasteries.
List of Indian States, and information like their capital, language of state and year of establishment.
|States||Capital||Languages||Year of Establishment|
|Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad||Telugu and Urdu||1951|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Itanager||Miji, Apotanji, Merdukpen, Tagin,Adi, Honpa, Bangini-Nishi||1972|
|Goa||Panaji||Marathi and Konkani||1961|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||Hindi and Pahari||1948|
|Mizoram||Aizawl||Mizo and English||1972|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer),Jammu (Winter)||Kashmiri,Dogri, Urdu, Ladakhi,Pahari,Punjabi and Dadri||1948|
|Meghalaya||Shillong||Khasi, Jaintia and Garo||1970|
|Nagaland||Kohima||Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema and Lotha||1963|
|Rajasthan||Jaipur||Rajasthani and Hindi||1948|
|Sikkim||Gangtok||Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu||1975|
|Tripura||Agartala||Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak||1956|
|Andaman & Nicobar||1956|
|National Capital Territory of Delhi||2001|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||1941|
|Daman and Diu||1987|
|States||Districts||Population||Literacy Rate||Sex Ratio|
|Arunachal Pradesh (AR)||16||1,382,611||66.95||920|
|Himachal Pradesh (HP)||12||6,856,509||83.78||920|
|Jammu & Kashmir (JK)||22||12,548,926||68.74||883|
|Madhya Pradesh (MP)||50||72,597,565||70.63||930|
|Residuary Andhra Pradesh (AP)||13||49,665,533||67.41||992|
|Uttar Pradesh (UP)||75||199,581,477||79.63||963|
|West Bengal (WB)||19||91,347,737||77.08||947|
|Andaman & Nicobar (AN)||3||379,944|
|Dadar & Nagar Haveli (DN)||1||342,853|
|Daman and Diu (DD)||2||242,911|