Gujarat- A coastal State in the northern extremity of the western seaboard, Gujarat is encompassed by a 1650 km long sea coast. Gujarat has a distinct identity – a modern State highly industriesed and technologically advanced on the one hand ; on the other the State is renowned for its beaches, wild life sanctuaries, its holy temple towns, rich in antiquity and history as it is in lores and lagends. Gujarat has an architectural heritage dating back thousands of year. It was in Lothal that archaeological remains of the Indus Valley civilsations had been excavated, a highly complex urban civilization that flourished about 3500 years ago. The influence of Muslim rulers is very strong here. Indo Saracenic architecture really blossomed in Gujarat, gifting the stage with exquisite mosques and mausolea. The State is the home of a large number of Jains. The profusely carved Jain temple in Gujarat are simply incredible for their extraordinary beauty. Gujarat was also the home of Mahatma Gandhi, the 20th century apostle of peace whose philosophy has had a profound effect on the Gujarati psyche. The State is endowed with forests and sandy deserts, river valleys and miles of golden coastline. The Asiatic lion, black buck, wild ass and the brilliantly hued flamingoes can be seen here. The Gujarati’s love for colour and artistry has touched every aspect of their lifestyle and the state is rich in some of India’s most beautiful crafts.
Tourist Places in Gujrat
Ahmedabad: Fact File:
• Area 204.6 sq. km
• Population 2,954,526
• Altitude 53 metres above sea level
• Languages Gujarati, Hindi and English
• STD Code 079
• Best time to visit November to February
Ahmedabad : Overview
Ahmedabad is the largest city in Gujarat, with a population of around 52 lakhs (5.2 million) on the banks of Sabarmati river located, was named after Sultan Ahmad Shah, the city built in the 1411th also named as a ‘Manchester of the East’, today it is one of the most industrialized cities in India. Historically, Ahmedabad was the main base camp in the Indian freedom struggle. Mahatma Gandhi Sabarmati Ashram was built on the outskirts of the city where freedom led India. Ahmedabad today, more than any other city in India is non-violence and peace. Ahmedabad is the textile city of India. Although the city has developed more than a business and shopping centers, but also an attraction is seen as a center for the study of Indo-Saracenic architecture, a style that combines elements of Hindu and Islamic architecture combines. Old City of Ahmedabad is dotted with labyrinthine bylane so-called opinion polls. Beautifully carved houses are fine examples of craft time. Although not the capital of Gujarat, Ahmedabad remains the second largest industrial city in western India.
Places of Interest and Must to Visit:
Jama Masjid of Ahmedabad is one of the most beautiful mosques in the country. Located east of Teen Darwaja Mahatma Gandhi road, the mosque was built in 1423 AD Ahmad Shah. Built in the Indo-Saracenic style, the mosque has 260 pillars, the roof. The dome is bathed in natural light which is reflected in their outer roof is lit. The dome is bathed in natural light which is reflected in their outer roof is lit. One of the main attractions of the mosque is a beautiful stone in the Muluk-Khana, or the Royal Gallery, which is a platform on pillars.
Shaking Minarets: Sidi Bashir Mosque, known as tremor or Jhulta Minar minaret, is located outside the gate Sarangpur. It is interesting that the minarets, when one of the minarets is shaken, the other begins to vibrate on its own. Minarets rise, many curious and are the main attractions. The mechanism that causes the vibration is still a mystery, and it is believed to protect against damage from earthquakes
Sidi Saiyad Mosque: The mosque was built by Sidi Sayid, Ahmad Shah \ ’s slave, in 1573. The mosque is known for its tracery and motives in his famous Banyan Tree window. Near Lal Darwaza (Red Gate) and is very down to the river end of Relief Road in the vicinity.
Hatheesing Jain Temple: Built in 1848, the two-story structure in pure white marble is dedicated Dharmanath fifteenth Jina or Jain apostle. The temple has 52 chapels, each with a picture of Jain Tirthankar. Situated outside Delhi Gate, the temple is named after its builder Sheth Hathi Singh.
Dada Hari Ni Vav (Stepped Well): It is built in 1501, to provide a cool place to rest and water travelers. It is one of the best examples of Gujarati architecture. Even on the hottest days are still cool.
Sabarmati Ashram: Seven miles north of the city in a quiet section of the river Sabarmati Ashram of Mahatma Gandhi in 1915 founded. Ashram, as it is popularly known, was the first Satyagraha Ashram founded by Gandhi. Ashram is still handmade, handmade paper and spinning wheels. Hridaya Kunj, the cottage, where Mahatma Gandhi lived is preserved as it was during his life. Gandhi Ashram is also a small monument. Visitors can watch the sound and light spectacle that takes place three days a week.
The Calico Textile Museum: The museum exhibits antique and modern textiles. It is in a haveli is carved and displays rare rugs, wall hangings and costumes. Some of the old looms are also kept here. Museum’s collection dates from the 17th Century and has an excellent reference library on textiles.
Teen Darwaza: These arches were built by Sultan Ahmad Shah. They formed the royal entrance to the Maidan Shah or Royal Square. From here the Sultans watched the procession from the palace to the Jama Masjid.
Rani SIPRI Mosque: is beautiful Rani SIPRI Mosque, built by Mahmud Shah Queen BEGDA in 1514th after her death she was buried in the premises of the mosque itself.
Shreyas Folk Museum: The museum displays some of the best examples of traditional arts and crafts of Gujarat. A must for those interested folk art.
Swami Narayan Temple Complex: The temple complex in Kalupur is a colonial, Indian, and I think even the Chinese. In the upper part of the area seem to be in the form of the upper part of the pagoda. It is in the narrow alleys of the old town, which suddenly opened, from the temple. Although there are many Swami Narayan temple in the entire Amdavad, it is likely the main building. But for those who had witnessed the miracle of Akshardham, it may be smaller.
Kankaria Lake: artificial lake was built in 1451 by Sultan Qutub-ud-Din. In the middle of the lake, Nagina Wadi, the summer residence of the sultans. Already, the lake is a popular tourist destination in Ahmedabad, especially for its well-known musical sound and light show.
Hussain-Doshi Gufa is a gallery of modern art in an interesting architectural environment. It’s collaboration between the leading architects (Doshi) and artists (Hussain). ‘The Cave’ art in itself, which hosts exhibitions and movies. You can see the cave for 5 minutes and was able to enjoy the experience is 15-30 minutes. You can also picnic outside. If the gallery is open, it would be much better.
Vadodara (Baroda) – Modern industrial city with a traditional ambience, has many excellent museums and art collections. Airport: Vadodara.
Junagadh – an old township, it is full of mosques, mausolea and museums. Ashoka’s 1 4th edict and the Shiva temple at somnath are nearby. Airport: Keshod.
Lothal – a port city of Harappan era Excavated remains of a very well planned city with an underground drainage system, houses, baths, etc. Airport: Ahmedabad.
Modhere- a well preserved 1000 year old sun temple with beautiful sculpture.
Palitana – on top of shatrunjay Hill, an unbelievable collection of 863 Jain temples, the oldest of which s 1000 years old. The gossamer delicate beauty of these temples create a fairytale aura. Airport: Bhavnagar
Dwaraka – the ancient partially submerged port city around which so much of Krishna legend is woven. The Dwaraka temple’s inner sanctum is believed to be 2500 years old. Airport: porbader/ Jamnagar.
Porbander – Mahatma Gandhi’s birthplace. His ancestral house and Kirti Mandir, a museum of the Mahatma. Airport: Porbander.
Surat – for centuries a trading centre for ivory, silk and spices. Home of Tanchoi and Gajee silk and Modern textile industry. It is also the first English settlement In India. The Factory House dating back to 1612 still stands. Airport: Vadodara.
Sasan Gir, Rann of Kutch, Velavadar -wildlife sanctuaries for Asiatic lion, wild ass and black buck.
Chorwad, Admedpur Mandvi, Hajira, Tithal- beach resorts.
List of Districts and their headquarters of Gujarat:
|District||Headquarters||Area (km²)||Official website|
List of Indian States, and information like their capital, language of state and year of establishment.
|States||Capital||Languages||Year of Establishment|
|Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad||Telugu and Urdu||1951|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Itanager||Miji, Apotanji, Merdukpen, Tagin,Adi, Honpa, Bangini-Nishi||1972|
|Goa||Panaji||Marathi and Konkani||1961|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||Hindi and Pahari||1948|
|Mizoram||Aizawl||Mizo and English||1972|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer),Jammu (Winter)||Kashmiri,Dogri, Urdu, Ladakhi,Pahari,Punjabi and Dadri||1948|
|Meghalaya||Shillong||Khasi, Jaintia and Garo||1970|
|Nagaland||Kohima||Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema and Lotha||1963|
|Rajasthan||Jaipur||Rajasthani and Hindi||1948|
|Sikkim||Gangtok||Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu||1975|
|Tripura||Agartala||Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak||1956|
|Andaman & Nicobar||1956|
|National Capital Territory of Delhi||2001|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||1941|
|Daman and Diu||1987|