Karnataka- This large littoral State in the Deccan plateau with its densely wooded seaside strip, the western Ghats tapering off into hillocks and rockey plateaus, often creating the most incredible formations of boulders, especially in the Hampi area, the parakeet green rolling crop lands and stretches of empty scrublans has an interesting patchwork quilt landscape. The state’s history is as chequered. Tracing back to 3 rd century BC when Chandragupta Maurya came to Sravanabelagola to spend his last years the region has seen the rise and fall of many proud and powerful dynasties like the chalukya, Rashtrakuta, Hoysala, vijayanagar, Bahammani and Wodeyar. Each patronised a different area of art, music, sculpture or literature, thus creating a very rich and unique cultural heritage. The State has a rich tradition of greatness and grandeur, pageantry and palaces, temple and festivals, Famous for its sandalwood and spices, coffee and paddy, egret and elephant, gold, silk and music Karnataka is much splendourd land.
Tourist Places in Karnataka
Bangalore – capital ,a very beautiful city with cool clear weather and flowers year around. Its modern layouts, industries, research institutes make it one of the fastest growing cities in India.
Airport : Bangalore.
Mysore – capital of the princely rulers, the temple and palaces are magnificent. Nearby Srirangapatna has the ruins of Tipu sultan’s palace.
Belur- Halebid- somnathpur- Sravabelagole- Beautifully sculpted temples and shrines. Airport : Mysore/Bangalore.
Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary, Dandeli, Bannerghatta, Bandipur, Nagarhole –Wildlife sanctuaries and jungle lodges.
Ullal, Suratkal, Malpe, Bhatkal, Udupi, Marwanthe, Karwar- Beach resorts. Mangalore- picturesque seaside city with a very Modern port and great sea food. Airport : Mangalore.
Udupi, Ghati Subrahmanya, Sringeri, Melkote, Dharmasthala, Gokarna, Kollur-Temples.
Jog falls- one of the highest waterfalls in the world.
Badami – Ancient cave temples.
Aihole- Pattadakal- early Chalukyan temples built between 5th and 7th century and considered cradle of Indian temple architecture and sculpture.
Agumbe – the sun setting on the Arabian Sea is an unforgettable experience from here.
Bijapur – once the capital of 17th century Adil shah dynasty, there is Muslim architecture of great beauty here. Gol Gumbaz is an architectural marvel, with its enormous dome without support which is the largest masonry dome in the world and whispering gallery that echoes even the softest sound seven times. Ibrahim Roza, the mausoleum of lbrahin Adil Shah.
Hampi – a 26 sq km area strewn with the ruins of the capital of the forgotten Vijayanagar empire. Ruins of Temples, places, baths, stables, market places of extraordinary beauty and grandeur.
Nandi Hills, Biligirirangana Hills, Mercare, Kemmannugundi- hill resorts.
Badami was the Capital of the ancient South Indian Kingdom of the Chalukyas, is located in North Karnataka near a gorgeous red sandstone ridge at a distance of about 500 km from Bangalore. Previously known as Vatapi, the city was founded in AD 543 by Pulkeshin I, the great lion king. It was their capital till AD 757 along with Aihole and Pattadakal, became a center of and famous for rock-cut temples. The architectural splendors of Badami later influenced many new architectural and sculpting traditions.
During Chalukyan Empire in 8th century and next few years the region was saw lawlessness, commotion, and demolition by the Rashtrakutas. The city was lost its importance because of its new addition. The place is very cool with pleasant climate having dry winter, good to visit in November through February. During June and July months most of the rain fall occurs.
Mahakuta Temple: This temple complex is located in a valley with tall trees and a cool atmosphere. There is to be found behind the doorway the sculpture of Nandi facing towards the Mahakuteshvarnatha temple near to the pond which is used by pilgrims for their sacred bath.
Bhootnath temple: Bhootnath is another form of Lord Shiva as God of souls, spirits and ghosts. Bhootnath temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, the destroyer. The temple all dark inside has an image of Shiva in an angry and irate temper. The temple is located near the Agastyatirtha tank.
Badami is famous for its Five Caves:
FIRST CAVE constructed in the 6th century, is dedicated to Lord Shiva, specialty is the image of Shiva with 18 arms.
SECOND CAVE was carved in AD 567 by King Kirtivarman I, dedicated to Lord Vishnu (the protector in Hindu mythology).
THIRD CAVE dates back to 578 A.D, was built by Mangalesh s dedicated to Lord Vishnu, there are images of Lord Shiva, Indra, and Lord Brahma on the ceiling. The temple is most impressive among all five caves.
FOURTH CAVE, is built in 6th century, related to the Jains, a religion the Chalukyans gave royal patronage. The cave temple has images of different Jain tirthankaras like Adinath (the first Jain tirthankara), Suparshavanath (the seventh tirthankara), and about 20 other tirthankaras.
FIFTH CAVE s dedicated to Lord Buddha. However, it is famous for architectural expressions of most of the caves are almost equal; none of them is distinctly Hindu, Buddhist, or Jain though they may have been dedicated to different sects.
Main attractions and landmarks of Badami, include cave temples, gateways, forts, inscriptions and sculptures.
• A Buddhist cave in a natural setting that can be entered only by crawling on knees.
• The Bhutanatha temple, a small shrine, facing the lake, constructed in 5th century.
• Badami Fort situated on top of the hill.
• Many Shivalayas including the Malegitti Shivalaya with 7th century origins.
• The Dattatreya temple.
• The Mallikarjuna temple dating back to the 11th century, built on a star shaped plan.
• a Dargah, a dome of an Islamic place of worship on the south fort side.
• Vista points on top of the North Fort for the view of the ancient town below.
• Temple of Banashankari, a Kuldevta (family deity) for many families, is located near Badami.
• Archaeological museum, which has collection of sculptures from Badami, Aihole and Pattadakal.
Tourist places nearby Badami:
Aihole: is a little village located at a distance of 129km, completes the third dimension of Chalukyan architectural centres and is popular for Hindu Architecture in its embryonic stage. The place had a significant value during the rule of the Chalukyas. There are a number of splendidly built Hindu temples constructed in the 6th and 7th centuries. Some of the famous temples of Aihole are Lad Khan Temple, the Meguti Temple, and the Durga Temple. There is also a small museum run by the archaeological department that showcases objects found in Aihole, mostly of the Chalukyan era.
Banashankari: located at a distance of 50 km. The temple of Banashankari is dedicated to Banashankari or Shakambari, a form of Goddess Parvati. The original temple was built by the Chalukyas of Kalyan, but the present structure was built in the 17th century. The temple reflects the Dravidian style of architecture.
Mahakuta Temple: The Mahakuta Temple is situated around 14 km east of Badami and is a well-known pilgrimage place of worship. The architecture of the temple has visible influence of both northern as well as southern styles.
Pattadakal: Pattadakal was the second capital of the mighty Chalukyans. It is a place which hosted most of the important state functions at that time. Along with Badami and Aihole, Pattadakal is also a centre of Chalukyan architectural extravaganza. There are many temples here, mostly dating back to 6th and 7th centuries AD. Some of the important temples are of the Virupaksha Temple, Mallikarjuna Temple, and the Papanatha Temple. Pattadakal is situated some 20 km.
Naganath Temple: Around 10 km east of Badami on the way to Mahakuta, the Naganath Temple dates back to the Chalukyan times. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
Bangalore, capital of Karnataka State, India, is one of Asia’s fastest-growing cities and most destinations in South India. The Bangalore City is located at an altitude of 920 meters above sea level on the Deccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka. Bangalore is the principal administrative, cultural, commercial and industrial center of the state of Karnataka. Spread over an area of 2190 square kilometers, Bangalore enjoys a pleasant and equable climate throughout the year.
The city is home to some of the most well-recognized colleges and research institutions in India. Numerous public sector heavy industries, software companies, aerospace, telecommunications, and defence organisations are located in the city. The Electronic City in Bommasandra and the Software Technology Park, called the IT Park, which has come up on the outskirts of the city, has earned the reputation of being the “Silicon” Valley of India. Because of various multinational and Indian companies are represented here, caused ranked among the 10 fastest growing cities in the world.
If we look into little background, Bangalore was founded by Kempe Gowda in the early 16th century. Two centuries later, it became an important fortress city under rulers Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan. The ruins of those periods can still be seen on the Bellary Road, at Lal Bagh, Ulsoor and Gavi Gangadhareswar Temple. Bangalore is generally regarded as a place that most visitors say not chill out in that it has nothing for people interested in history, look at how. Together with modern pubs, discos and pubs, we are still remnants of the older Bangalore. Visit All in all, a beautiful city.
Places to visit in Bangalore:
Innovative Film City: is an amusement park located in Bidadi, about 50 Kilometers outside Bangalore. It is one of the new theme parks that arrived in Bangalore in 2008. Don’t be fooled by the name though.
Yelagiri Hills: This less popular hill-station is located near Krishnagiri town on the Bangalore-Chennai national highway. It is about 150 kilometers from Bangalore and around 250 Kilometers from Chennai.
Hogenakkal Falls: Hogenakkal literally means smoking rocks (in Tamil). The falls comprise of a numer of smaller waterfalls that make up the beauty of the place. Hogenakkal is located in Dharmapuri district and is about 120 Kms from Bangalore. Perfect for a day-trip, you can drive to here over a Saturday and get a day’s off to unwind.
Talakadu and Shivanasamudram: Shivanasamudram (sometimes called Shimsha falls) is home to a couple of lovely waterfalls while neighboring Talakadu preserves history in the form of submerged temples. Located about 150 Kms from Bangalore and about 70 Kms from Mysore, Shivanasamudram and Talakadu are both popular picnic and weekend spots.
Bull temple of Bangalore: is dedicated to Nandi Bull, the vahana (vehicle) of Lord Shiva. Situated in Basavanagudi, this temple has been built in the Dravidian style of architecture. Kempe Gowda, the founder of Bangalore, got the Bull temple built during his time. This temple counts amongst the oldest temples of the city and draws devotees from all over the country. Read on to know more about the Bull Temple of Bangalore, India.
Vidhana Soudha houses the State Legislature, and is the largest Secretariat in India. Below is the picture of the huge central dome of the building.
Bangalore Palace is situated in the Palace Gardens, at the heart of the Bangalore city of India. Built in the year 1887 by Wodeyar dynasty, it is adorned with magnificent woodcarvings and Tudor-style architecture on the inside. Infact, the palace is quite similar to the medieval castles that were built in Normandy and England.
Lumbini Gardens in the environs of Bangalore are a refreshing change from the hustle and bustle of the busy metropolis. These beautifully landscaped gardens and its lake front are enjoyed by visitors and locals alike.
Bannerghatta National Park: Located 22 kms south of Bangalore, Bannerghatta National Park is a wild life sanctuary that spreads over 525 sq. kms surrounded by the scenic hills and lushy green fauna. The Park is ideal for those interested in natural history and wildlife adventure.
Wonder La, Bangalore: This amusement park is located outside the city and is an ideal place for a day trip with family and friends. There are different kinds of rides are available in Wonder La, which have been categorised as Dry Rides and Wet Rides. Dry rides are scary and would even take you upside down, to & fro and in zig-zag style.
Dodda Ganesha Temple: The monolithic Ganapathi is about 18 ft in height and 16 ft in width. The God is also known as Shakthi Ganapathi or Satya Ganapathi. People from all walks of life come here to seek blessings. What make this idol more attractive to the devotees are the different types of decorations that are done during the week. The most famous is the butter coating of the idol. More than 100 kgs of butter is used for this purpose.
List of Districts and their headquarters in Karnataka state of India.
|District||Headquarters||Area (km²)||Official website|
|Bangalore Rural District||Bangalore||5,815||www.bangalorerural.nic.in/|
|Bangalore Urban district||Bangalore||2,190||www.bangaloreurban.nic.in/|
List of Indian States, and information like their capital, language of state and year of establishment.
|States||Capital||Languages||Year of Establishment|
|Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad||Telugu and Urdu||1951|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Itanager||Miji, Apotanji, Merdukpen, Tagin,Adi, Honpa, Bangini-Nishi||1972|
|Goa||Panaji||Marathi and Konkani||1961|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||Hindi and Pahari||1948|
|Mizoram||Aizawl||Mizo and English||1972|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer),Jammu (Winter)||Kashmiri,Dogri, Urdu, Ladakhi,Pahari,Punjabi and Dadri||1948|
|Meghalaya||Shillong||Khasi, Jaintia and Garo||1970|
|Nagaland||Kohima||Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema and Lotha||1963|
|Rajasthan||Jaipur||Rajasthani and Hindi||1948|
|Sikkim||Gangtok||Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu||1975|
|Tripura||Agartala||Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak||1956|
|Andaman & Nicobar||1956|
|National Capital Territory of Delhi||2001|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||1941|
|Daman and Diu||1987|