Orissa- With Lord jagannath in his temple at Puri as the patron deity, innumerable temples and an intensely religious lifestyle dominate the State. The ancient city of Bhubaneswar has 500 temples, many of which are jewels of the 8th to 11th century architecture and stand testimony to the glory of the prosperous kingdoms that emerged here. Konark’s stupendous sun temple is the crowning glory of Orissan temple art. Puri is where the famous annula Rath Yatra takes its most spectacular form. The fascinating rock cut caves of khandagiri and Udaigiri date back to as 2nd century BC.

Ratnagiri and Lalitgiri are remains of an immense Buddhist university. Beautiful natural beaches and wildlife reserves are the State’s other tourist attractions. Orissa echoes with the graceful rendition of its famous dance forms. Or popular among them are the Odissi and Chhau. Orissa’s dexterous craftsmen, famous for their nimble arts and crafts, weave beautiful into age old traditional handicrafts like the internationally famous ikat textiles, gay appliqué work, patachitra cloth paintings, silver filigree and dhokra metal carvings.

Tourist Places in Orissa

Bhubaneswar – the capital, famed for centuries as the city of thousands temples. The Lingaraj Sisirewara, parasurameswara, Mukteswara, Rajarani are gems among the temples. Orissa state Museum, Hondicrafts Museum, Tribal Tesearch Museum. Khandogiri and Udaigiri caves ( abandagiri jain monasteries). Emperor shoka’s rock edict at Dhaulagiri with the Japanese peace pagoda nearby. Airport: Bhubaneswar.

Lalitgiri, Udaigiri, Ratnagiri – 90 km from Bhubaneswar, these three hills are the site of a cluster of Buddhist monasteries dating back to at least 7th century. The University of Pushpagiri flourished here once.

Puri- Jagannath temple, one of the holiest in India, with its famous chariot or ‘Rath Yatra’ Festival. One of the most beautiful beaches in India and most popular in the east. Airport: Bhubaneswar.

Konark – rising majestically on the Shoreline this magnificent black stone temple dedicated to the sun god had been a coastal landmark to the ancient international maritime traders since medieval times – they called it the Black Pagoda. The main temple is sculpted in the form of the chariot of the sun god drown by seven horses and the entire stricture is carved exquisitely. It is also a beach resort.

Cuttack – Medieval and British capital Blue granite ruins of the Barabati Maratha Fort, Qadam-i- Rasoon, the 18th century mosques within a walled compound and some shaped building inside which is the footprints of prophet Mohammed. Exquisite silver filigree works.

Chilika Lake –an enormous inland brackish water lake. Bird sanctuary, water sports.

Gopalpur –on –sea Chandipur- beach resorts.

Tikarapara, Simlipal, Nandankanan, Ushakothi – wildlife sanctuaries.

List of Districts and their Headquarters of Orissa State in India

District Headquarters Area (km?) Official website
Angul Angul 6,347
Boudh (Bauda) Boudh 4,289
Bhadrak Bhadrak 2,788
Balangir Balangir 6,552
Bargarh (Baragarh) Bargarh 5,832
Balasore Balasore 3,706
Cuttack Cuttack 3,915
Debagarh (Deogarh) Debagarh 2,781
Dhenkanal Dhenkanal 4,597
Ganjam Chhatrapur 8,033 http://ganjam.nic.in/
Gajapati Paralakhemundi 3,056
Jharsuguda Jharsuguda 2,202
Jajpur Panikoili 2,885
Jagatsinghpur Jagatsinghpur 1,759
Khordha Bhubaneswar 2,888
Kendujhar (Keonjhar) Kendujhar 8,336
Kalahandi Bhawanipatna 8,197 http://kalahandi.nic.in/
Kandhamal Phulbani 6,004 http://kandhamal.nic.in/
Koraput Koraput 8,534
Kendrapara Kendrapara 2,546
Malkangiri Malkangiri 6,115
Mayurbhanj Baripada 10,418 http://mayurbhanj.nic.in/
Nabarangpur Nabarangapur 5,135
Nuapada Nuapada 3,408
Nayagarh Nayagarh 3,954
Puri Puri 3,055
Rayagada Rayagada 7,585
Sambalpur Sambalpur 6,702
Subarnapur (Sonepur) Subarnapur 2,284
Sundargarh (Sundergarh) Sundargarh 9,942 http://sundergarh.nic.in/

List of Indian States, and information like their capital, language of state and year of establishment.

StatesCapitalLanguagesYear of Establishment
Andhra PradeshHyderabadTelugu and Urdu1951
Arunachal PradeshItanagerMiji, Apotanji, Merdukpen, Tagin,Adi, Honpa, Bangini-Nishi1972
GoaPanajiMarathi and Konkani1961
Himachal Pradesh
ShimlaHindi and Pahari1948
AizawlMizo and English1972
Jammu & Kashmir

Srinagar (Summer),Jammu (Winter) Kashmiri,Dogri, Urdu, Ladakhi,Pahari,Punjabi and Dadri1948
Madhya PradeshBhopalHindi1956
MeghalayaShillongKhasi, Jaintia and Garo1970
KohimaAo, Konyak, Angami, Sema and Lotha1963
RajasthanJaipurRajasthani and Hindi1948
SikkimGangtokBhutia, Hindi, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu1975
Tamil NaduChennaiTamil1688
TripuraAgartalaBengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak1956
Uttar PradeshLucknowHindi1937
UttarakhandDehra DunHindi2000
West BengalCalcuttaBengali1947
Union territories:
Andaman & Nicobar1956
National Capital Territory of Delhi2001
Dadra and Nagar Haveli1941
Daman and Diu1987

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