Uttar Pradesh – the fourth largest and most populous stare of India, Utter Pradesh, of up as it is called colloquially, us a state of great natural diversity geographically, it has three distinct regions. The northern part of the state touches the foothills of the Himalayas, nestling the beautiful serene hill stations. The kumaon area is especially known for beautiful lakes. The southern most part of the state again to touch the Vindhya range. In contrast is the vast and infinitely fertile Ganga delta in between- the plains that had nurtured many centuries of political and cultural evolution the awesome Himalayas have attracted explorers and pilgrims alike, in search of beauty and tranquility as much as divinity and salvation.
Two of India’s holiest rivers, the Ganga and Yamuna rise here. The arduous and Hazardous treks to kedarnath and Badrinath had been considered the ultimate in pilgrimage by devout Hindus for centuries. The forest, mountains, Valleys, dales are great for mountaineering, hiking, trekking. Up is famous for delicate Chikan and shadow work embroidery, the exquisite Muslim culture if floral perfumes, old world zari and tinesl embroidery, enamel work on brass and jewellery.
Tourist Places in Uttar Pradesh
Lucknow – capital of utter Pradesh distinctive Mughal architecture Home of kathak dance and Hindustani classical music. Airport ;Lucknow
Agra- Mughal Capital,famed for Taj Mahal, 17th century mausoleum of Emperor Shah Jehan’s Wife Mumtaz.Agra fort. Airport :Agra.
Fatehpur Sikri – Abandoned capital of emperor Akbar, exquidite Mughal architecture.
Mathura – Hindu pilgrimage place, considered birthplace of lord Krishna. Dwarkadhish and Gita Mandir temples. Airport : Agra.
Vrindavan – another Krishna cult pilgrimage place. Temple of International society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON). Airport: Agra.
Sravasti, Kushinagar – Buddhist pilgrimage places. Lord Buddha died in Kushinagar.
Ayodhya – birthplace of Rama of Ramayana. Hindu pilgrimage pillar, Mughal fort and palace. Airport: Allahabad.
Allahabad- Hindu pilgrimage centre. Site of Kumbh mela. Ashoka pillar, Mughal fort and palace. Airport: Allahabad
Varanasi – On the Ganga, Called the eternal city one of the oldest and holiest Hindu pilgrimage centers. Famous for temples, bathing ghats, handicrafts and for nearby Sarnath, Buddhist shrine. Airport: Varanasi
Hardwar, Rishikesh, Badrinath, Kedarnath – Pilgrimage centers.
Valley of Flowers – discovered in 1931 by the famous mountaineer Frank smythe, the rolling meadow in the Garhwal Himalayas is truly the garden of gods. It is a 16 ½ km trek from Govindghat, which is 28 km from Badrinath. May Garhwal meadows have a profusion of wild flowers in the summer months but the Valley of Flowers has an extraordinary range- over 350 varieties to delight the botanists, nature lovers and tourists alike.
Jhansi – Romantically entwined with the tales of Lakhmibai, Queen of Jhansi’s valiant resistance to the British in 1857, it is a little town with a fort and museum.
Gangotri, Yamunotri – Sources of the rivers Ganga and Yamuna, considered hold by the Hindus.
Ranikhet, Nainital, Almora, Dehra Dun, Mussoori- Hill stations.
Carbett, Dudhwa – National parks .
Agra Fact File:
- Area 120.57 sq km
- Altitude 169 m above sea level
- Population (1991) 891,790
- Languages Hindi and Urdu
- Best time to visit October to March
- STD Code 0562
About: Agra -An Eternal Journey
Located about 204 km south of Delhi in the Indian State of Uttar Pradesh, Agra has long been well-known as the city of the Taj Mahal, one of the wonders in world. Agra’s greatest glory remains the Taj Mahal, a monument to love built by Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved queen, Mumtaz Mahal.
Overview: Splendid Architecture of Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Agra city is often due to the fact that this royal Mughal has overshadowed, with the exception of the famous Taj, many magnificent monuments that symbolize the success of the summit Mughal architecture. Neither Delhi office of kings and emperors for more than a thousand years may have a legacy of architectural and cultural splendor of the Golden Age of the Mughals. Agra was the chosen city of the Mughal emperors in the early years. It was here that the founder of the kingdom of Babar, laid the first formal Persian garden on the banks of the Yamuna. Here, Akbar, his grandson, the towering walls of Red Fort, the great walls Jahangir built rose-red palaces, courtyards and gardens. Shah Jahan embroidered with marbled mosques, palaces and pavilions of gem-inlaid white marble. Across the river Yamuna, Jehangir’s talented Queen Noor Jahan, the beautiful marble inlaid grave of their parents.
Places of Interest & Must to Visit in Agra: –
Taj Mahal Monument – A Symbol of Love
Taj Mahal: is a quiet and beautiful in your garden cypresses and reflecting pools on the banks of the river Yamuna. Thus, perfection of the proportions of the Taj, its excellent work, which was developed as described by giants and finished by jewelers. It’s pure white marble, gleaming silver in the moonlight, September softly pink at dawn, and the end of the day reflected the colors of the setting sun. Taj Mahal in all its lasting appeal is still the support of many of these poets and painters, writers and photographers. And lovers still meet here in the moonlight in the shadow of the world’s most famous monument of love. Shah Jahan built the Taj in memory of Mumtaz Mahal, who died giving birth to her 14th Child. No effort was spared in order to have the most beautiful monument in the world has ever seen. White marble and red sandstone, silver and gold, camelian and jasper, moonstone and jade, lapiz lazuli and coral were to 20,000 skilled workers to the Emperor’s dream. It took 22 years – a symbol of eternal love, where Shah Jahan is buried, complete at last reunited with his beloved Mumtaz. Determined at the northern end of the formal Persian garden with streams, paved streets and a series of dark cypresses, accompanied Taj rises on a high pedestal of red sandstone head of a huge white marble terrace, the perfect double-dome with four tapering minarets. Inside is a jewel-inlaid cenotaph of the queen and a little on one side – only asymmetric feature in the Taj – the richly decorated coffin of the emperor. Both are surrounded by an octagonal screen gently pierced marble.
Agra Fort: Few forts have the strength in the world, fascinating history, as Big Agra gone. Originally conceived as an impregnable military structure by Akbar, Agra Fort expected, won all the elegance, opulence and grandeur of the imperial palace.Situated 3 km before the Taj Mahal on the right bank of the Yamuna, it was under the leadership of Akbar built that Muhammad Qasim Khan, his Commander – in-Chief and Governor of Kabul. It took 8 years and an expenditure of 3 million rupees and a half.
Fatehpur Sikri: 39 kilometers from Agra is Fatehpur Sikri, the red sandstone city of yesteryears. The city was built by Mughal emperor Akbar in 1564 AD in honor of the Muslim saint Sheikh Salim Chisthi. Fatehpur Sikri was the capital but the lack of water and unrest in the north-west of exit Akbar. One of the main attractions of this city is the marble grave of Sheikh Salim Chisthi. Attractions include Diwan-i-AAM, Diwan-i-Khas, Bulanda Darwaza, Panch Mahal and Jodhi Bay’s Palace.
Itmad-Ud-Daulah’s Tomb: Over 4 km north of the Taj, on the left bank of the Yamuna is perfectly proportioned marble mausoleum ltmad-ud-Daulah. Noor Jehan constructed this splendid marble monument to her father’s memory. This double-storied marble tomb is replete with mosaic, decorated with semiprecious stones. The north of the fortress, on the opposite bank of the Yamuna lies Itmad-ud-Daulah, grave Ghiyas Mirza Beg, Jehingir’s-Wazir. Also known as ‘Baby Taj’, it was the first Mughal structure completely built from marble and the first widespread pietra dura. The situation of the least-Agra’s visited three major sites.
Sikandra: is 8 km north-east of the road at the Agra-Delhi. It is on the same side of the river Yamuna as the Taj. Sikandra was 1492 Sikander Lodhi, the ruler of one of the last dynasty built the Sultanate of Delhi. Akbar, who commanded in his time, the construction of Sikandra again, as the site for his mausoleum, but this time he died before it could be completed. The work was completed by his son Jehangir in 1613th’s grave is a combination of Muslim and Hindu architectural styles. Buildings made of red sandstone, is four stories high, about 31 meters high. The first three floors are made of red sandstone, while the fourth is entirely of marble.
Dayalbagh (Soami Bagh): This is the headquarters of the Radhasoami religious sect that was founded in 1861, and Shri Shiv Dayal Singh, known as Swamiji Maharaj. Free in Memory of the Supreme Creator, built, tall, unfinished facade of marble, with exquisitely carved columns and lined up on up to about five million rupees, they are created. Today, labor costs and the completion of the work still to be completed ten million take.
Jodhi Bay’s Palace: (Jodhi Bai) was Akbar’s Rajput queen has the best Gujarati and Rajasthani architectural features.
Jami Masjid (mosque) – the spiritual center of Sikri, symbolizes \ the city’s spiritual significance. It stands at the southwestern end of Fatehpur Sikri. High wall with gates on three sides opens into a large courtyard, 111 to 139 meters, making it the largest in the Mughal period are found.
Bulanda Darwaza (Gate of Triumph) – built in 1575 to celebrate Akbar’s successful campaign of Gujarat, is the most impressive work of architecture of the Mughals. The gateway is approached by a steep staircase to add the height and grandeur to the entire structure.
Mathura is located about 47 km from Agra, is famous as the birthplace of Lord Krishna. Besides being an important Hindu pilgrimage site, is one of the seven sacred cities in India. Mathura is also an important center of trade. Visiting Mathura is the possibility that the first years of the life of Lord Krishna to be seen. The basics Kesava Deo temple, one encounters a small room designed like a prison cell. The cell consists of stone slabs on which it is believed, Lord Krishna was born some 3500 years ago. Next to the church built by Aurangzeb Mosque. Instead, it was only Sri Krishna Janambhoomi the subject of dispute between Hindus and Muslims.
Tourist Attractions of Mathura:
Vrindavan: is ten kilometers from the city of Mathura. The site is associated with the use of Lord Krishna in childhood connection. Vrindavan has dozens of temples, shrines and memorials and chapels of the saints and Krishna’s successor. One of the most impressive buildings, visitors is welcomed into the Vrindavan Govind Dev temple. The red sandstone structure to be architecturally one of the most advanced Hindu temple in northern India. There is also on the 150-year-old look Ranganathan Temple, popularly known as Rangaji Temple, in a beautiful environment. Approximately 4,000 other temples are to exist in Virndavan. The city is also the headquarters of ISKCON (International Society for Krishna Consciousness), which was built a magnificent temple here.
Vishram Ghat: This is a holy place and is situated on the banks of the river Yamuna located and has combined an interesting legend. Lord Krishna will try to give peace after a violent quarrel with his uncle Kansa who happened to be a cruel king their power is not abused and tortured its citizens, but also took his own father, taking her rightful king.
Dwarkadhish temple was built in 1814 and lies near the river Yamuna. This is the best liked in the temple of the city and still looks attractive when she elegantly with religious and ceremonial occasions such as Holi, Janmashtami and Diwali is decorated. Temple architectural splendor of great features and is elaborately carved and painted. This temple has long been controlled by the supporters Vallabhacharya.
Kusum Sarovar: The most important among the tourist attractions in Mathura, in fact, is 450 meters long tank, back to the time of Lord Krishna dates. It has a depth of 60 meters and has a lot of stairs from all sides. It is about a half hour walk from another called the famous tank Radha Kunj.
Krishna Janambhoomi: One of the major tourist attractions in Mathura and is very honored to tourists. This place is supposedly the birthplace of Lord Krishna. According to the people of this temple is on the city jail, where Lord Krishna was born constructed.
Archaeological Museum: This museum is located at Dampier Park and is home to a rare and beautiful collection of archaeological interest. Objects from the Gupta and Kushan period are shown here. There are several unique collection of sculptures from Mathura school. It is one of the places to visit once off the tourist destinations in Mathura.
Allahabad is a place to rest where the remains of the dead lived for the ethereal abode, and off to their eternal cycle of birth and rebirth. There is also a land, made in some of India’s most charismatic people either accept or birth that their permanent residence.
Allahabad city is located in Uttar Pradesh, at a distance of 238 km from state capital Lucknow, is one of the holiest cities in India and a outstanding center for culture, administration and education. The city is mentioned in the scriptures like the Vedas, Puranas, Ramayana and Mahabharata, as Prayag. The city is particularly sacred to Hindus, it is to meet the Ganges, Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati to be.
By the confluence of three rivers, it is also known as Sangam. Sangam is the spot of many sacred fairs and rituals, and attracts thousands of pilgrims all over the year. Kumbh Mela is one of them, here handhelds every twelve years. Akbar visited Prayag in 1575 AD and founded a new town called Illahabad, which is now Allahabad city. The city was an important cantonment during the British Raj and has some attractive bits and pieces of majestic architecture. Beginning of the 20th Century, it was mainly the center of education in the country.
Thanks to a strong and long historical, political and religious background, Allahabad, one of the most popular tourist destinations in India, offers a variety of tourist attractions that are considered among the best attractions in Uttar Pradesh.
Places of Interest and Must to visit in Allahabad:
Kumbh Mela is held every 12 years, the biggest festival in northern India fairs. It attracts millions of devotees from all over the world gathered in Allahabad on the banks of the holy river to wash their sins and gain salvation. If Kumbh falls on a Monday, it says Somvati Amavasya and is considered the most appropriate moment. Immerse yourself in the Sangam at the moment to improve intellectual performance is diverse. The last Kumbh Mela was held at the Sangam in January 2001.
Sangam is one of the holiest places of the Hindus. Located about 7 km from Civil Lines, is a meeting point of three holy rivers Ganges, Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati. Pandas (priests) are shown here sits on a small platform performance puja and assist the devout in their ritual purification in shallow waters. Sangam is a center of activity every 12 years when it hosts the Kumbh Mela.
Allahabad Fort – Strategic location Prayag proved decisive motivation of Akbar built near Fort Sangam AD 1583rd Art, architecture, design, craftsmanship and respect for strength. The Indian army is now using only part of the fortress and is open to visitors. This huge, magnificent fort has three outstanding galleries flanked by high towers. Visitors can see the Ashoka Pillar, Saraswati Kup (see well, “says the source of the river Saraswati) and Jodhabai Palace.
Patalpuri Temple and Akshaya Vat – It is an underground temple inside the fort is located. The temple is the place where Lord Rama worshiped once known. It also finds mention in the travelogue of the Chinese traveler Hiuen Tsang who visited India, 644 AD. Famous Akshaye Tax (literally) immortal tree, one of the most revered trees of the Hindus, is also in the interior of the temple. Permission of the Ordnance Depot or tourist office, it is necessary to visit the temple and Akshaye Patalpuri Vat.
Anand Bhawan is the ancestral home of the Nehru. Here’s a look at the lifestyle of the family, which is kept for a long time the most important political dynasty status in India. Anand Bhawan is now home to one of the finest museums in India and memorabilia of the Nehru-Gandhi family.
Swaraj Bhawan, near Anand Bhawan, the house, where he was born, the former Prime Minister of India Mrs. Indira Gandhi. Built Pt. Moti Lal Nehru, was donated the building to the nation in 1930, are used as the headquarters of the Congress Committee.
Khusrau Bagh– This is a large garden where the tombs of Khusrau, his sister, and his Rajput mother are located. Khusrau was the son of Emperor Jahangir who had made many unsuccessful attempts to assassinate his father and take the reigns in his hands. However, his own brother Shahjahan in the end murdered him.
Hanuman Mandir is an only one of its kind temple in the vicinity of Fort Allahabad. It is an ideal place for the image-lying monkey god Hanuman. This is the only temple to have Hanuman in a supine position. Although very small temple, it is pushed hundreds of believers every day.
Allahabad Museum is located near Chandra Shekhar Azad Park. Its main attractions are the paintings of Nicholas Roerich, Rajasthani miniatures, terracotta figurines, coins and stone sculptures from the second century BC to modern times. The Museum has eighteen galleries and is open daily from 10 am to 5 clock every day except Monday.
Alopi Devi Temple is situated in Alopibagh, is one of the Goddess Lalita Devi Shaktipithas (also known as Tripura Sundari and the Red Goddess). It is the unique temple, presiding deity in the form of small wooden Jhula (Swing), which is placed over the marble platform. This place is very near to the holy Sangam where the rivers Ganges, Yamuna and the legendary Sarasvati meet. Kumbh Mela ground is very near to this place.
Andawa Jain temple is located 20 km from Allahabad. The temple is enshrined the idol of Bhagwan Adinath. Many pilgrims visit here to pay a tribute to Bhagwan. Andawa is the birthplace and tapobhoomi of Bhagawan Reshabdev.
Mankameshwar temple in Allahabad is situated on the banks of the river Yamuna and Saraswati Ghat. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Every Monday in the month of the Hindu ‘Sawan’ is very promising and many devotees visit the temple during this time.
Beni Madhav Temple is a highly respected shrine and an ancient temple dedicated to Lakshminarayan. It is place where Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is believed to have paid his homage. Thousands of devotees visit the shrine every year.
Tourist Places nearby Allahabad:
Bhita: (An archeological site, Bhita, on the banks of the Yamuna River, is about 20 km south of Allahabad. Recent excavations at this point brought to light the remains of an ancient city dating back to 300 BC. Excavations have revealed here a group of objects such as images of Lord Shiva and goddess Parvati, figurines of seated women and votive tanks. These antiques are as remnants of the old city wall dates from the Gupta and Mauryan period. A museum housing stone and metal seals and various terracotta statues is also located here.
Jhusi (Pratisthan Puri) : With many ashrams and temples, Jhusi (Pratisthan Puri) is a quiet place of peace offering to the visitor. It is almost 9 km from Allahabad, and can take a taxi, bus be achieved, ships, etc. This place is best for people looking for mental peace and spiritual healing.
Shringverpur is a historic city located about 40 km from Allahabad. It was once the capital of the Kingdom Nishadraj (King of the sailors). Legend has it that Lord Rama stayed here during night out into the woods. Before the procedure Rama over Ganga in his boat were his feet washed Nishadraj. The village is more famous as the capital of Nishadraja. Shringverpur is an otherwise sleepy village that is gaining prominence slowly and steadily. Shringverpur have revealed a temple of Shringi Rishi by excavation works.
Kara is an historical and religious center in Kaushambi District, on the banks of the Ganges at a distance of about 70 km from Allahabad. Kara’s claim to fame Shital Devi Temple. Once the provincial capital of the Mughals, is the landscape with the ruins of Kara, are scattered up to 3.5 kilometers along the Ganges area. In addition to the Shital Devi Temple, Jama Masjid, Samadhi of Sant Maluku dedicated Das, Hanuman temple, Kshetrapal Bhairav temple; Kaleshwar Mahadev Temple, Dargah of Khwaja Karak and Shivala Maharishi Ashram are the main attraction of Kara.
Kaushambi (62 km) is traditionally place connected with the Mahabharata. Kaushambi is a newly created district out of Allahabad. It is pre-dominantly a Muslim dominated area but after the partition of India. The city was once a great Buddhist center. Lord Buddha is believed to have visited Kaushambi twice to deliver discourses. The ruins of the old fortress and the monastery suggests ancient site. Main attraction of Kaushambi is Sheetla Temple, a goddes associated with power and the worshipping of the goddess is said to impart powers to the devotees.
Garhwa is an interesting trip spot around the provision of Allahabad. In fact, Garhwa definitely worth a visit tourist spot during your tour to Allahabad. The place is famous ruins of one of the most beautiful temples in Purvanchal. The square at the head thing, but slowly and steadily, it is picked up in the hot list. In fact, Garhwa definitely worth a visit for researchers and visitors. District is surrounded by river Sone in the north, Chhatisgarh and Palamau district in the south; Palamau district in the east and Sarguja District of Chhatisgarh and Sonebhadra district in western UP.
List of Districts and their headquarters in Uttar Pradesh state of India.
|District||Headquarters||Area (km²)||Official website|
|Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Nagar||Gauriganj|
|Kanshi Ram Nagar||Kasganj|
|Gautam Buddha Nagar||NOIDA||1,269||www.gbnagar.nic.in/|
|Jyotiba Phule Nagar||Amroha||2,321||www.jpnagar.nic.in/|
|Ramabai Nagar (Kanpur Dehat)||Akbarpur||3,143||www.kanpurdehat.nic.in|
|Sant Kabir Nagar||Khalilabad||1,442||www.sknagar.nic.in/|
|Sant Ravidas Nagar||Gyanpur||960||www.srdnagar.nic.in/|
List of Indian States, and information like their capital, language of state and year of establishment.
|States||Capital||Languages||Year of Establishment|
|Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad||Telugu and Urdu||1951|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Itanager||Miji, Apotanji, Merdukpen, Tagin,Adi, Honpa, Bangini-Nishi||1972|
|Goa||Panaji||Marathi and Konkani||1961|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||Hindi and Pahari||1948|
|Mizoram||Aizawl||Mizo and English||1972|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer),Jammu (Winter)||Kashmiri,Dogri, Urdu, Ladakhi,Pahari,Punjabi and Dadri||1948|
|Meghalaya||Shillong||Khasi, Jaintia and Garo||1970|
|Nagaland||Kohima||Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema and Lotha||1963|
|Rajasthan||Jaipur||Rajasthani and Hindi||1948|
|Sikkim||Gangtok||Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu||1975|
|Tripura||Agartala||Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak||1956|
|Andaman & Nicobar||1956|
|National Capital Territory of Delhi||2001|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||1941|
|Daman and Diu||1987|