Indian National Congress History, Important Facts, Presidents

Indian National Congress History and Important Facts

Indian National Congress was founded by British civil servant Allan Octavian Hume in 1885 to form a platform for civic and political dialogue of educated Indians with the British Raj. Its founding members wanted a larger role in the making of British policy for India. Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee was the first President of the Indian National Congress. The first session of the Indian National Congress was held from 28–31 December 1885, and was attended by 72 delegates.

The Congress was transformed into a mass movement by Surendranath Banerjea and Sir Henry Cotton during the partition of Bengal in 1905 and the resultant Swadeshi movement.  The 1929 Lahore session under the presidency of Jawaharlal Nehru holds special significance as in this session “Poorna Swaraj” (complete independence) was declared as the goal of the Indian National Congress. 26 January 1930 was declared as “Poorna Swaraj Diwas”, Independence Day. To commemorate this date the Constitution of India was formally adopted on 26 January 1950.

Important Facts about Indian National Congress Presidents

  • The first president of Indian National Congress was Womesh Chandra Banerji
  • The first session of the INC was held in Dec 1885 in Mumbai.
  • Mahatma Gandhi presided over the Belgaum session of INC in 1924.
  • The first woman president of INC was Mrs Annie Besant.
  • The first Indian woman president of the INC was Mrs Sarojini Naidu
  • The first Englishman to become the president of INC was George Yule
  • The first Muslim president of the INC was Badruddin Tayabji.
  • The president of INC at the time of India’s independence was Acharya JB Kriplani.
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Important Information and Points about Indian National Congress:

Indian National Congress was founded in the year 1885
Indian National Congress was founded by Allan Octavian Hume
First session of Indian National Congress was held at Mumbai (1885)
Who was the Viceroy of British India when the Indian National Congress was founded – Lord Dufferin
During the early phase of its existence, i.e., 1885-1905 Indian National Congress never made this demand Independence from British rule
First woman president of Indian National Congress Mrs Annie Besant (1917)
First Indian woman president of Indian National Congress Mrs Sarojini Naidu (1925)
Woman Presidents of Indian National Congress Mrs Annie Besant (1917), Mrs Sarojini Naidu (1925) and Mrs. Nellie Sengupta (1933)
First split of Indian National Congress 1907 at Surat session
First Englishmen to become president of Indian National Congress George Yule (1888)
Youngest president of Indian National Congress Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
First Muslim to become president of Indian National Congress Badrudin Tayabji (Madras, 1887)
National Song, Vande Mataram was first sung in the session of Calcutta (1896)
First joint session of Indian National Congress and Muslim League Lucknow (1916)
Session of Indian National Congress where wearing of Khadi was made compulsory for its workers Mrs Annie Besant (1917)
National Anthem, Jana Gana Mana was first sung in the session of Calcutta (1911)
The only session of Indian National Congress presided over by Mahatma Gandhi Belgaum (1924)
Session of Indian National Congress where demand for complete independence was made 1929 at Lahore
President of Indian National Congress at the time of independence Acharya J B Kriplani (1946)
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Read the list of Presidents of Indian National Congress Party

Year Name of President Place
1885 W.C. Bonerjee Bombay
1886 Dadabhai Naoroji Calcutta
1887 Badurddin Tyabji Madras
1888 George Yule Allahabad
1889 Sir William Wedderburn Bombay
1890 Sir Phirozshah Mehta Calcutta
1891 P. Ananda Charlu Nagpur
1892 W.C. Bonerjee Allahabad
1893 Dadabhai Naoroji Lahore
1894 Alfred Webb Madras
1895 S.N Banerjee Poona
1896 Rahimtulla Sayani Calcutta
1897 Sir C.S.Nair Amravati
1898 A. M. Bose Madras
1899 R.C.Dutt Lucknow
1900 N.G. Chandravarkar Lahore
1901 D.E. Wacha Calcutta
1902 S.N Banerjee Ahmedabad
1903 L.M. Ghosh Madras
1904 Sir Henry Cotton Bombay
1905 G.K. Gokhala Banaras
1906 Dadabhai Naoroji Calcutta
1907 Dr. Rash Behari Ghosh Surat
1908 Dr. Rash Behari Ghosh Madras
1909 M. M. Malaviya Lahore
1910 Sir William Wedderbum Allahabad
1911 B.N.Dhar Calcutta
1912 R.N. Madholkar Patna
1913 Syed Mohammad Bahadur Karachi
1914 Bhupendra Nath Basu Madras
1915 Sir S.P. Sinha Bombay
1916 A.C. Mazumdar Lucknow
1917 Mrs. Annie Besant Calcutta
1918 Hassan Imam (Special Session) ————
1918 M.M.Malaviya (Annual Session ) Delhi
1919 Motilal Nehru Amritsar
1920 C.Vijayara-gavachariar (Annual Session ) Nagpur
1921 C.R.Das (In Prison) Acting President Hakim Ajmal Khan Allahabad
1922 C.R.  Das Gaya
1923 Lajpat Rai  (Annual Session ) ———–
1923 Mohammed Ali  (Annual Session) Kakinada
1924 M.K. Gandhi Belgaum
1925 Mrs.Sarojini Naidu Kanpur
1926 S.Srinivasa lyengar Gauhati
1927 Dr. M.A. Ansari Madras
1928 Motilal Nehru Calcutta
1929 Jawaharlal Nehru Lahore
1930 Jawaharlal Nehru Karachi
1931 Vallabhbhai Patel ———–
1932 R.Amritlal ————
1933 Mrs. Nellie Sen Gupta Calcutta
1934 Rajendra Prasad Bombay
1935 Rajendra Prasad Lucknow
1936 Jawaharlal Nehru ———-
1937 Jawaharlal Nehru Fazipur
1938 Shubhsh Chandra Bose Haripura
1939 Shubhsh Chandra Bose (Subhas Chandra Bose Was re-elected but had to resign. Rajendra Prasad was appointed in his stead) Tripura
1940-1946 Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad ———–
1946(July-Sep.) Jawaharlal Nehru ———-
1946-1947 J.B. Kripalani Meerut
1948 Pattabhi Sitaramaiah Jaipur
1950 Purushotam Das Tandon Nasik
1951 Jawaharlal Nehru Delhi
1953 Jawaharlal Nehru Hyderabad
1954 Jawaharlal Nehru Kalyan
1955 U.N. Dhebar Avadi
1956 U.N. Dhebar Amritsar
1957 U.N. Dhebar Indone
1958 U.N. Dhebar Pragyotish-pur
1959 U.N. Dhebar Nagpur
1960 Indira Ghandi Bangalore
1961 N.Sanjiva Reddy Bhavnagare
1962 D.Sanjivayya New Delhi
1964 K .Kamaraj Bhubanesh-war
1965 K .Kamaraj Durgapur
1966 K .Kamaraj Jaipur
1968 S.Nijalingappa Bangalore
1969 C.Subramaniam New Delhi
1970 Jagjivayya New Delhi
1971 D.Sanjivayya Ahmedabad
1972 Shankar Dayal Sharma Calcutta
1975 D.K. Barooah Chandigarh
1976 Brahmananda Reddy New Delhi
1978 Indira Ghandi New Delhi
1983 Indira Ghandi Calcutta
1984 Rajiv Gandhi New Delhi
1985 Rajiv Gandhi Bombay
1991 P.V. Narasimha Rao New Delhi
1996 Sitaram Kesri New Delhi
1998 Sonia Gandhi (Present) New Delhi
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Indian National Congress History, Important Facts, Presidents
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