The rivers of India play an important role in the lives of the Indians. They provide potable water, cheap transportation, electricity, and the livelihood for a large number of people all over the country. This easily explains why nearly all the major cities of India are located by the banks of rivers. The rivers also have an important role in Hindu Dharma and are considered holy by all Hindus in the country.
Seven major rivers along with their numerous tributaries make up the river system of India. The largest basin system of the rivers pour their waters into the Bay of Bengal; however, some of the rivers whose courses take them through the western part of the country and towards the east of the state of Himachal Pradesh empty into the Arabian Sea. Parts of Ladakh, northern parts of the Aravalli range and the arid parts of the Thar Desert have inland drainage.
List of Famous Rivers of India:-
|Name of River||Origin from||Falls into||Length (Km)|
|Ganges||Combined Sources||Bay of Benal||2525|
|Satluj||Mansarovar Rakas Lakes||Chenab||1050|
|Indus||Near Mansarovar lake||Arabian Sea||2880|
|Ravi||Kullu Hills near Rohtang Pass||Chenab||720|
|Beas||Near Rohtang Pass||Satluj||470|
|Jhelum||Verinag in Kashmir||Chenab||725|
|Kosi||Near Gosain Dham Peak||Ganga||730|
|Brahmaputra||Near Mansarovar Lake.||Bay of Bengal||2900|
|Narmada||Amarkantak||Gulf of Khambat||1057|
|Tapti||Betul Distt. in M. P.||Gulf of Khambat||724|
|Mahanadi||Raipur Distt. in Chhatisgarh||Bay of Bengal||858|
|Luni||Aravallis||Rann of Kuchchh||450|
|Sabarmati||Aravallis||Gulf of Khambat||416|
|Krishna||Western Ghats||Bay of Bengal||1327|
|Godavari||Nasik distt. in Maharashtra||Bay of Bengal||1465|
|Cauvery||Brahmair Range of Western Ghats||Bay of Bengal||805|
|Tungabhadra||Western Ghats||Krishna river||640|
Important notes on Indian rivers to remember:
- River Saraswati is a mythical river and is part of the Hindu triveni Sangam mythology of the confluence of Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati rivers. Saraswati river is thought to be flowing under the ground and meeting Ganga and Yamuna at the Kumbh mela spot.
- Meghna a major river in Bangladesh is a tributary if Indian Brahmaptura river and also empties in Bay of Bengal.
- River Tapi is a river in Thailand and is not to be confused with Indian river Tapti (Tapati).