Zoology Fast Facts – Two Liner

Previous, you have already read, the Zoology Fast Facts – One Liner. Now, in this post you will get some more descriptive facts about Zoology that will help you to expand your knowledge.

  • One of a group of simple water soluble globular proteins present widely in milk, blood and in egg white is Albumin.
  • Antibodies is a group of specific proteins produced by mammals to defend themselves from foreign organisms or chemicals.
  • A foreign substance usually protein in nature which elicits the formation of specific Antibodies within an organism is Antigen.
  • Gland is an organ which secretes specific chemical compounds such as enzymes or hormones.
  • A tube in multi-cellular animals through which food is taken into the body, digested and absorbed by the cells is called Alimentary canal
  • Virus is an extremely small (to nanometer in length) obligate parasite which can multiply only in a living cell of a plant or an animal.
  • The pair of important glands present by the side of the kidneys in higher animals is Adrenal gland
  • The class of back-boned land- animals like frogs, toads, newts and salamanders is called Amphibia
  • Bile is a secretion of the liver in animals. It is an alkaline fluid that helps in digestion and absorption of fats.
  • Carnivorou is a mode of living by which animals and plants survive by eating the flesh of other animals.
  • Invertebrate is a collective term for all animals which do not have a backbone or vertebral column.
  • Gonad is the organ which produces gametes in animals and in some produces hormones too.
  • Painless killing of a person or animal suffering from an incur- able disease is Euthanasia
  • Study if human species in all its aspects including evolutions culture and population dynamics is Anthropology.
  • AIDS is a disease caused by a virus which inactivates the Immune System in the body.
  • A tiny, disc-shaped body present in blood which plays an important role in blood clotting is Platelet
  • Hay fever is a form of allergy that affects the nose and throat due to sensitivity to certain plant pollens.
  • A condition characterized by yellowness of the skin, whites of eyes, mucous membranes and body fluids is Jaundice
  • ORS is prepared by dissolving a pinch of salt and a little sugar in a glass of clean Water.
  • Herpes is a group of closely related viruses that cause various diseases which include herpes simplex, herpes zoster and chicken POX.
  • Two small glands, about the shape and size of an almond at either side of the back of the mouth are Tonsils
  • The branch of medical science dealing with diseases of women, particularly those affecting reproductive organs is Gynaecology
  • One of a large group of oily or ‘ fatty substances essential for good health is Lipid.
  • Clone is Parthenogenetic or asexual descendants from a single individual, all having the same genetic constitution.
  • Annelida is a group of invertebrates like earthworms, which have lone, cylindrical, segmented bodies.
  • Anticoagulant is a chemical that can prevent blood from clotting for example heparin.
  • Arboreal are the organisms that spend most or all of their lives among the branches of trees.
  • Capillary is the smallest tubes or vessels which form the connecting link between the circulatory and lymphatic system; usually the wails are single layer thick.
  • Circumcision is the surgical removal or excision of the foreskin covering the male or female genital organs.
  • Colon is a portion of the large intestine of humans extending from the talcum to the rectum and the inflammation of the colon in humans is called colitis.
  • Convulsion is a violent, uncontrolled muscle spasm, or a series of them sometimes repeated rapidly and accompanied by un-consciousness.
  • Victim of severe congenital thyroid deficiency, causing physical and mental retardation is called Cretin
  • Endocrine glands are ductless glands which produce hormones which pass directly into the blood.
  • Enterovirus is a group of viruses that enter the body via the alimentary tract and tend to invade the central nervous system.
  • Epidemic is the term is used to describe a disease which spreads quickly to affect a large proportion of the population.
  • The science dealing with the various races of mankind, their distribution relationship, culture and activities is Ethnology
  • Science dealing with the selective genetic improvement of the human race is Eugenics
  • Drugs which promote or increase the elimination of secretions from the respiratory tract by coughing are Expectorants
  • A mammalian embryo on it’s inter stages when the main features are clearly recognizable is called Foetus
  • Genetic engineering is a technique of altering the genetic makeup of an Organism it a specific purpose.
  • The scientific study of heredity, that is, the passing on of characteristics from parents to their offspring is Genetics
  • Genome is the complete set of chromosomes found in each nucleus of a given species, which contains the entire genetic material.
  • The period during which an embryo develops in the uterus of a mammal, from the time of conception to birth is called Gestation period.
  • Glaucoma is an eye disease characterized by increased pressure of the fluid within the eye.
  • The science dealing with the formation, composition, functions and diseased of blood is Haematology
  • The iron-containing, red, respiratory pigment of vertebrates and a few invertebrates that transports oxygen is Haemoglobin
  • A condition of dormancy in animals to protect themselves against cold and food scarcity during winter is Hibernation
  • The biological science that deals with the study of structure of tissues is Histology
  • Homo sapiens is the term in Greek means ‘wise man’ and refers to the ecus and species to which all modern human beings belong.
  • A tissue or organ which is trans- planted from one individual to another of the same species, also called isograft is Homograft
  • A chemical messenger produced by endocrine glands in animals and secreted directly into the bloodstream is Hormone
  • A fold of mucous membrane which normally partially covers the entrance to the vagina is Hymen
  • A part of human personality that relates to the primitive instincts of the body, notably sex and aggression is Id
  • An inbuilt defense mechanism by which vertebrates can resist infection caused by parasitic microorganisms of their products is Immunity
  • The interval between exposure to a disease and its appearance is Incubation period
  • The introduction of semen or spermatozoa into the female genital tract is Insemination
  • Lactation is the process by which milk secretion in the breasts is initiated and maintained and milk is delivered to the suckling infant.
  • A kind of cancer in which certain white blood cells grow in an uncontrollable manner is Leukemia
  • A polymeric pigment responsible for colouring of eyes, skin and hair is Melanin
  • Inflammation of the protective tissue surrounding the brain and spinal cord is Meningitis
  • A nerve which conveys an impulse directly to a muscle and causes it to contract is Motor nerve
  • A hereditary disease which progressively damages muscle fibres and eventually destroys them is Muscular dystrophy
  • An elongated grayish or reddish cell that is the basic functional unit of the nervous system is Neuron
  • Oedema is a condition in which excess of fluid accumulates in body tissues causing overall swelling.
  • An abnormal mental condition in which a boy has an abnormal fixation for his mother is called Oedipus complex
  • An organism that can eat both plant and animal material is known as Omnivore
  • A state of highly emotional excitement that occurs at the climax of sexual intercourse is Orgasm
  • A condition in which bones become thin and brittle due to loss of calcium is Osteoporosis
  • Ovary is oval-shaped female sex gland that produces the ova, or egg cells and secretes hormones like oestrogen and progesterone.
  • The release of a mature egg from the ovary during the menstrual cycle is Ovulation
  • Pancreas is a tongue-shaped organ that lies behind the stomach and produces two types of secretions.
  • Any condition in which the ability to control the movement of a limb or a muscle is lost is Paralysis
  • A technique of making milk safe for drinking by killing off any disease causing bacteria present in it is Pasteurization
  • The scientific study of the changes in tissue or body organs brought about by a disease or a physiological disorder is Pathology
  • Pharynx is the cavity between the back of the mouth and the windpipe or food pipe and in humans it plays a vital role in speech production.
  • A form of anxiety or irrational and intense fear triggered off by a specific, often harmless, situation or object is Phobia
  • Plasma is the liquid part of body fluids such as lymph, and blood and it is a straw coloure fluid containing proteins and inorganic materials.
  • Puberty is the period of life when the gonads become functional i.e. an individual becomes sexually mature.
  • The living material within a cell including the mitochondria, ribosomes and chromosomes is Protoplasm
  • A group of single-celled organisms ranging from plant like forms to those behaving like animals is Protozoa
  • The blood vessel that carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs is Pulmonary artery
  • The blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood from lungs to the heart is Pulmonary Vein
  • Ruminants are grazing mammals that chew cud and have split hoofs, for example, ox, sheep, cow, camel and goat.
  • Scabies is a contagious skin disease caused by microscopic mite Sarcoptes scabies.
  • Serum is the liquid portion that remains after blood clots, and the blood cells and clotting elements are removed by centrifugation.
  • Spinal cord is that portion of the central nervous system behind or below the brain and beyond the confines of the skull.
  • Tissue is a system or network of similar cells involved in carrying out a specific metabolic function.
  • Umbilical cord is a connective cord that links the unborn infant or foetus with the mother.
  • Hollow organ of the female’s reproductive system in which an unborn baby develops is Uterus
  • An agent which carries infectious organisms from an infected individual to another is called Vector
  • A blood vessel which carries blood from different parts of the body to the heart is Vein
  • Vitamins are organic compounds that are essential but required in small quantities for the normal growth and proper nourishment of the body.
  • X-chromosome is one of the sex determining chromosomes and in humans an embryo becomes a female only if it carries two
  • Y-chromosome is one of the sex determining hromosomes. In humans it is this chromosome that carries the genes for maleness.
  • Zygote is the fusion product of an egg and a male gamete (sperm), i.e. a fertilized egg or ovum.
  • Sterile is a word which describes something that is completely free from and other micro- organisms. Bacteria
  • A study reveals that although a person can live without food for more that a month, a person can only live without water for about one Week.
  • The branch of zoology dealing with the study of life of birds, including their identification and behavioral patterns is Ornithology
  • The branch of surgery dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of injuries, deformities, and diseases of bones, joints, ligaments and muscles is Orthopaedics.
  • Insulin is a protein hormone produced by the Islets of Langerhans, a part of the endocrine gland pancreas; it lowers the blood sugar content.
  • Gene is the basic unit of inheritance; it is gene is a short length of a chromosome made of DNA which influences a particular set of characters in a particular way.
  • Endoscope is a tubular instrument which has a light source and a viewing optical system and this may be inserted into the body cavity for direct visualization of Organs.
  • Gangrene is death of body tissues from lack of oxygen caused by a loss of blood supply to those areas of the body, often hands or feet.
  • Tumour is uncontrolled growth of cells resulting in a large mass and as a result of fast growth; it exhausts nutrients required for normal functioning of the body.
  • Chromosome is a complex thread-like structure seen in plant and animal cells at the time of cell division. They are the carriers of the genetic material DNA.
  • Cirrhosis is a progressively inflammatory disease of the liver in q which the liver cells are destroyed and it is a common disease among habitual alcohol users
  • Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by blood on the walls of blood vessels, especially the main arteries and is due to the pumping action of the heart.
  • Insoluble deposits precipitated from the bile, when bile stagnates in the gall bladder, it becomes excessively concentrated and fond. Gall stones.
  • Thrombosis is the formation of a solid mass of blood, often called “clot” in a blood vessel which leads to partial or complete blockage of blood circulation in the area.
  • Eczema is a non-specific term used to denote skin disorders characterized by redness, thickening, oozing blisters and occasional formation of fissures and cracks.
Read Also:  Interesting Fast Facts About Human Body Part-VI

Zoology Fast Facts – Two Liner
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