History of Asian Games:
The Asian Games, also known as Asiad, is a Pancontinental multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The Games were regulated by the Asian Games Federation (AGF) from the first Games in New Delhi, India, until the 1978 Games. Since the 1982 Games they have been organized by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA), after the breakup of the Asian Games Federation. The Games are recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and are described as the second largest multi-sport event after the Olympic Games.
In its history, nine nations have hosted the Asian Games. Forty-six nations have participated in the Games, including Israel, which was excluded from the Games after their last participation in 1974.
The last Games was held in Incheon, South Korea from 19 September to 4 October 2014, while the next games will be held in Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia from 18 August to 2 September 2018.
Interesting facts about Asian Games:-
- There are 45 official participating members (countries) in Asian Games. Earlier this list was 46, but Israel was removed from Asian Games member countries after 1974 Asian Games of Tehran thus reducing total participating countries to 45. Reason why Israel was removed was cited as security reasons but it always remained vague.
- Some countries which geographically lie in both Continents of Asia and Europe like Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Cyprus and Armenia choose not to participate in Asian Games. These countries rather participate in European games.
- Egypt which lies both in Asia and Africa not participates in Asian games, rather it participates in African Games.
- Georgia and Israel which completely lie inside Asia as per geographic boundaries, participates in European Games.
- Palestine, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan although not a republic countries, still participate as members of Asian Games.
- The recent most game which was introduced to Asian Games is Cricket which was included in year 2010.
- The recent most Asian Games of Incheon, South Korea witnesses total 44 different games.
- India stood at second position with 15 Gold medals, while Japan bagged the first position in the inaugural version of 1951 New Delhi Asian Games.
Find below complied list of Asian Games with details held till now:-
|Edition||Year||Hosted Nation||Number of Nations||Competitors||Sports||Top Team|
|1||1951||New Delhi, India||11||489||6||Japan (JPN)|
|2||1954||Manila, Philippines||18||970||8||Japan (JPN)|
|3||1958||Tokyo, Japan||20||1,820||13||Japan (JPN)|
|4||1962||Jakarta, Indonesia||17||1,460||13||Japan (JPN)|
|5||1966||Bangkok, Thailand||18||1,945||14||Japan (JPN)|
|6||1970||Bangkok, Thailand||18||2,400||13||Japan (JPN)|
|7||1974||Tehran, Iran||25||3,010||16||Japan (JPN)|
|8||1978||Bangkok, Thailand||25||3,842||19||Japan (JPN)|
|9||1982||New Delhi, India||33||3,411||21||China (CHN)|
|10||1986||Seoul, South Korea||27||4,839||25||China (CHN)|
|11||1990||Beijing, China||36||6,122||29||China (CHN)|
|12||1994||Hiroshima, Japan||42||6,828||34||China (CHN)|
|13||1998||Bangkok, Thailand||41||6,554||36||China (CHN)|
|14||2002||Busan, South Korea||44||7,711||38||China (CHN)|
|15||2006||Doha, Qatar||45||9,520||39||China (CHN)|
|16||2010||Guangzhou, China||45||9,704||42||China (CHN)|
|17||2014||Incheon, South Korea||45||9,501||36||China (CHN)|
|18||2018||Jakarta-Palembang, Indonesia||Future event|
|19||2022||Hangzhou, China||Future event|
|20||2026||Nagoya, Japan||Future event|