ISRO stands for Indian Space Research Organisation it is an Indian Space Agency it’s run by the Government of India. There is a Headquarter of ISRO in the city of Banglore. The Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was found in 1962 and the Chairman was Vikram Sarabhai Patel. Since 1962 there are 10 Chairman has been appointed at this post. Prof Satish Dhawan is the man who served 12 years as a Chairman in ISRO.
Short info about ISRO:
|Founder||Vikram Sarabhai Patel|
|Founded||15 August 1969|
|Present Chairman||Kailasavadivoo Sivan|
|Run By||Government of India|
List of Chairman of ISRO:
|Name||Tenure||Lengh of Term|
|Vikram Sarabhai||From 1963 to 1972||9 years|
|M. G. K. Menon||From Jan. 1972 to Sept. 1972||9 months|
|Satish Dhawan||From 1972 to 1984||12 years|
|Prof. U R Rao||From 1984 to 1994||10 years|
|K. Kasturirangan||From 1994 to 2003||9 years|
|G. Madhavan Nair||From 2003 to 2009||6 years|
|K. Radhakrishnan||From 2009 to 2014||5 years|
|Shailesh Nayak||From 1 Jan. 2015 to 12 Jan. 2015||12 days|
|A. S. Kiran Kumar||From 2015 to 2018||3 years|
|K. Sivan||From Jan 2018 Till date||incumbent|
Important facts about ISRO:
- In 15th August 1962 Vikram Sarabhai Founded The Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) but in 1969 it Replaces the name Called ISRO.
- Slv-3 Was India’S First Indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle And A.P.J. Abdum Kalam Ji Was The Director Of The Project.
- ISRO’s Expenditure In The Last 40 Years = Half Of Nasa’S Single Year Budget.
- ISRO’s Mars Mission Is The Cheapest So Far, Just 450 Crore I.E Rs 12 Per Km, Equivalent To Auto Fare.
- ISRO has 13 Centers spread all across India
- ISRO successfully set a record with a launch of 20 satellites in a single payload, one being a satellite from Google on 18 June 2016.
- On 5 June 2017 and placed a communications satellite GSAT-19 in orbit. With this launch, Indian Space Research Organization became capable of launching 4 ton heavy satellites.
- ISRO built India’s first satellite, Aryabhata, which was launched by the Soviet Union on 19 April 1975. It was named after the Mathematician Aryabhata.
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Important achievements of Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO):
- 1962: Formation of a National Committee for Space Research by the Department of Atomic Energy and the first attempt on the development of rocket launch site in Thumba near Thiruvananthapuram.
- 1963: First rocket launch from Thumba (November 21)
- 1965: Establishment of Space Science and Technology Center in Thumba
- 1967: Establishment of satellite communication system center in Ahmedabad.
- 1972: Establishment of Space Commission and Space Department
- 1975: Launch of the first Indian satellite Aryabhatta (April 19).
- 1976: Experimental steps for education for the first time through satellite.
- 1979: Launch of an experimental satellite Bhaskar-1. First experimental test vehicle of Rohini satellite launched launch with the help of SLV-3.
- 1980: Founded successfully in orbit of Rohini satellite with the help of SLV-3
- 1981: Successfully launching a geological communications satellite called ‘Apple’. Bhaskar-2 launch in November.
- 1982: Insat-1A launched in April and September inertia.
- 1983: Second launch of SLV-3. Installation in the class of RS-D2. INSAT-1B projection
- 1984: Rakesh Sharma’s first Indian astronaut to become joint space mission by India and Soviet Union.
- 1987: A. s. L. V’s launch with SROSS-1 satellite
- 1988: launch of India’s first remote sensing satellite IRS-1A INSAT-1C launch in July Abandon in November.
- 1990: Successful launch of INSAT-1D
- 1991: The launch of second remote sensing satellite IRS-1B in August.
- 1992: With the SROCC-C, the third launch by ASLV in the month of May. Successful launch of the satellite INSAT-2, made entirely of indigenous technology.
- 1993: Successful launch of INSAT-2B in July. P.S. L. Crashing away the sensory satellite IRS-1E by V.
- 1994: Fourth successful launch of SSLV in May.
- 1995: INSAT-2C launch in December month Successful launch of the third remote sensing satellite
- 1996: Successful launch in March with the help of PSLV of 3rd Indian remote sensing satellite IRS-P3.
- 1997: INSAT-2D launched in June, in the month of October, worsening. Successful launch of Indian remote sensing satellite IRS-1D with the help of PSLV in September month.
- 1999: Successful launch from France of the last satellite of INSAT-2E INSAT-2 sequence. Successful launch from Indian remote sensing satellite IRS-P4 Sriharikota testing center Launch of foreign satellites from India for the first time: South Korea’s Kitsat-3 and Germany’s DCR-Tubesat’s successful test.
- 2000: Successful launch of INSAT-3B on March 22, 2000
- 2001: Launch of GSLV-D1, partial successful.
- 2002: Successful launch of INSAT-3C in January month. Successful launch of Kalpana-1 in September by PSLV-C4
- 2004: Successful launch of GSLV Edusat
- 2008: successfully launch of moonlight on 22nd October
- 2013: Successful launch of the Mangalyaan on 05 November
- 2014: Mangalyaan on September 24 (after 298 days of launch) in Mars orbit
- 2014: Successful launch of Geostationary Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-D5) on 05 January 2014.
- 2014: Successful launch of IRNSS-1B on April 04, 2014.
- 2014: A successful launch of IRNSS-1 on October 16, 2014.
- 2014: The successful first pilot flight of GSLV MK-3 on December 18, 2014.
- 2015: On September 29, a successful launch of Astrosat, India’s first observatory dedicated to astronomical research.
- 2016: Launched on May 23, the first fully re-designed space shuttle (Rejuvenated Space Shuttle) made in India.
- 2016: Recorded 20 satellites simultaneously released on June 22 through PSLV C-34
- 2016: On August 28, the first experimental test successful in the & # x200d; Kremjet engine with atmospheric propulsion system successful
- 2016: In the INSAT-3DR space set with successful flight of GSLV-F5, using the first cryogenic upper stage (CUS) developed in the country on September 08.
- 2017: On February 15th, together with 104 satellites, the world made a record. In the PSLV-C37 / Cartosat2 series satellite mission, there were 101 International Small-Satellite (Nano-Satellite) and two Indian Small-Satellite INS-1A and INS-1B, besides CARTOSAT-2.
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