Civil Services (Pre.) Exam., 2014 General Studies

Solved Paper
Civil Services (Pre.) Exam., 2014
(Held on 24-8-2014)
General Studies

►Options given in ‘Bold‘ are the answers.

Directions-(Q. 1 to 5) Read the two passages and answer items that follow each
passage. answers to these items should on the passages only.
In recent times, India has grown not only compared to its own but also in comparison
with actions. But there cannot be any room for complacency because it is possible for the
Indian economy to develop even faster and also to spread the benefits of this growth
more widely than has been done thus far. Before going into details of the kinds of microstructural
changes that we need to conceptualize and then proceed to implement, it is
worthwhile elaborating on the idea of inclusive growth that constitutes the defining
concept behind this Government’s various economic policies and decisions. A nation
interested in inclusive growth views the same growth differently depending on whether
the gains of the growth are heaped primarily on a small segment or shared widely by the
population. The latter is cause for celebration but not the former. In other words, growth
must not be treated as an end in itself but as an instrument for spreading prosperity to all.
lndia’s own past experience and the experience of other nations suggests that growth is
necessary for eradicating poverty but it is not a sufficient condition. ln other words,
policies for promoting growth need to be complemented with policies to ensure that more
and more people join in the growth process and, further, that there are mechanisms in
place to redistribute some of the gains to those who are unable to partake in the market
process and, hence, get left behind.
A simple way of giving this idea of inclusive growth a sharper form is to measure a
nation’s progress in terms of the progress of its poorest segment, for instance the bottom
20 per cent of the population. One could measure the per capita income of the
bottom quintile of the population and also calculate the growth rate of income; and
evaluate our economic success in terms of these measures that pertain to the poorest
segment, This approach is attractive because it does not ignore growth like some of
the older heterodox criteria did. It simply looks at the growth of income of the poorest
sections of the population, it also ensures that those who are outside of the bottom
quintile do not get ignored. If that were done, then those people would in all likely-hood
drop down into the bottom quintile and so would automatically become a direct target of
our policies. Hence the criterion being suggested here is a statistical summing up of the
idea of inclusive growth, which in turn, leads to two corollaries 1 to wish that India must
strive to achieve high growth and that we must work to ensure that the weakest segments
Benefit from the growth.

1. The author’s central focus is on;
(A) Applauding India’s economic growth not only against its own past performance, but
against other nations
(B) Emphasizing the need for economic growth which is the sole determinant of a
country’s prosperity
(C) Emphasizing inclusive growth where gains of growth are shared widely by the
(D) Emphasizing high growth

2, The author supports policies which will help-
(A) Develop economic growth
(B) Better distribution of incomes irrespective of rate of growth
(C) Develop economic growth and redistribute economic gains to those getting left
(D) Put an emphasis on the development of the poorest segments of society

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