Important Discoveries of Physics their Name, Inventor and Year

Important Discoveries of Physics and Their Scientists 

Physicists are the scientists who study the field of physics in great detail. They conduct research into physical phenomena or the natural science that involve the study of matter and related concepts. They analyze the general happenings in nature and try to understand how the universe behaves. On the basis of research through observation and experiments, they discover physical laws and propound theories that explain the functioning of natural forces like gravity, electromagnetism, and nuclear interactions. The discovery of new physical laws and theories contribute to the existing base of theoretical knowledge and can also be used for more practical applications such as development of medial equipment, electronic devices, nuclear reactors, etc. During the earlier days, physics was considered a field of philosophy; it was only during the 19th century that physics was realized as a discipline separate from philosophy. Some of the major branches of physics are classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, theory of relativity and electromagnetism. Since physics covers a vast number of fields, most physicists specialize in one of the many subfields. However, the various subfields may overlap with each other and also with other sciences resulting in interdisciplinary fields such as biophysics, geophysics, meteorology, etc. Browse through this section to explore the biographies, life and works of various famous physicists from all over the world.

List of World’s Greatest Discoveries of Physics and their Scientists:- 

Name of Scientist Discovery or Invention Year
J.J.Thomson Electron 1897
Rutherford Proton 1919
James Dalton Neutron 1932
John Dalton Atom 1808
Neil Bohr &Rutherford Atomic Structure 1913
Newton Laws of Motion 1687
Henry Becquerel Radioactivity 1896
Madam Curie Radium 1898
Albert Einstein Principle of Relativity 1905
Michael Faraday Electromagnetic Induction 1831
C.V. Raman Raman Effect 1928
Roentgen X-Rays 1895
Max Plank Quantum theory 1900
Albert Einstein Photo electric effect 1905
Coulomb Law of Electrostatic attraction 1779
J. Neepse Photography (On metal) 1826
W. Fox Talbot Photography (On Paper) 1835
Mandeleev Periodic table 1888
G.S, Ohm Law of Electric resistance 1827
Archemedes Law of floatation 1827
Edition Thermionic emission ——–
Sir J.S. Fleming Diode Bulb 1904
Lee de Forest Triode Bulb 1906
Anrico Fermi Nuclear Reactor 1942
Faraday Law of electrolytic dissociation ———
Marconi Wireless Telegram 1901
Alfred Nobel Dynamite 1867
3.00 avg. rating (64% score) - 2 votes

In the entire list of “Important Discoveries in Physics by Famous Scientist in Year”, only one Indian name is found that is of C.V. Raman. Your list projects that India is not able to make any discovery in any field after Raman Effect by C.V. Raman in 1928 despite large number of talented well trained scientists working hard in eminent institutions. It is not factual. Your website needs update if intended for students.
India might have made discoveries in every field. Generally, seniors take credit and suppress the discoveries without giving due recognition to the concerned scientists. View my comment 29929 in the article Experience counts for Nobel laureates published in Nature on 7 November 2011:
“DESPITE OFFICIAL LABORATORY REPORT ON MY DISCOVERY, MY ANNUAL CONFIDENTIAL REPORTS WERE DOWNGRADED BY MY SENIORS. AS A RESULT, I WAS NOT ALLOWED EVEN TO ATTEND INTERVIEW FOR MY ROUTINE PROMOTION TO THE NEXT RANK SC F IN 1997, SO I HAD TO RETIRE WITHOUT MY ROUTINE PROMOTION AND WITH FAR LESS RETIREMENT BENEFITS. The Technical Report No: DLJ/ IL/ 97/ 7 was buried long ago and the Defence laboratory at Jodhpur or the parent organization D.R.D.O. never declared officially to Government of India that physics discoveries were done by its scientist. Today, no authentic official record is available with the Government of India that such physics discoveries were ever made in its own laboratory. No Indian official speak of these discoveries. That is how discoveries done in countries like India are reburied and neither get nominated to Nobel Committee nor come under your statistics”

Also view my comment on Age for Nobel-Winning Work Rises in Scientific American, November 8, 2011

The research work that lasted 21 years claiming six fundamental physics discoveries was published last year in 2010: M A Padmanabha Rao, UV dominant optical emission newly detected from radioisotopes and XRF sources, Brazilian Journal of Physics, vol. 40, no. 1, March 2010,

Slashdot Poll predicted Bharat Radiation might get Nobel Prize after Medicine in 2008: Oct 6, 2008  Which discovery deserves the Nobel Prize for Physics this year?

I have no hope that any illustrious physicist from India will come forward to nominate this research work to Nobel Committee before Feb 2012.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.