India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य Bharat Gaṇarajya; see also other Indian languages), is a country in South Asia. It is a parliamentary federal republic consisting of 28 states and 7 union territories. It is the seventh largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometers (4,671 mi). It borders Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Bangladesh and Burma to the east. India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Indonesia in the Indian Ocean. (via Wikipedia)

India is land of pilgrims and pilgrimages. These holy places, whether in the hills or in the plains, are generally situated on river-banks or by the sea. It is not only religious people who visit these places of pilgrimage. Also travelers and sightseers from all over India and even from abroad visit these. Wherever two or more rivers meet, pilgrims come to bathe and worship, because that place is supposed to be holy. In the north-wester region of India travellers often cross the tributaries of Indus and see strange and beautiful sights. Here we have one of the rarest places of pilgrimage. This is Monimahesh situated beside the beautiful lake of the same name. To reach it, pilgrims trek along the river Ravi. Just beyond are the beautiful Kalu and Kangra Valleys, known for their delicious fruit and works of art.

Location and Position of India World Scale Map:

  • Lying between latitude 8˚4’ N to 37˚6’ N and from longitude 68˚4’ E to 97˚25’ E, the country is divided into almost equal parts by the Tropic of Cancer (Passing from Jabalpur in MP).
  • The southernmost point in Indian Territory, (in Great Nicobar Island) is the Indira point (6˚45’), while Kanyakumari, also known as Cape Comorin, is the southernmost point of Indian mainland. The country thus lies wholly in the northern and eastern hemispheres.
  • The 82˚30’ E longitude is taken as the Standard Time Maridian of India, as it passes through the middle of India (from Naini, near Allahabad).

Area and Boundaries of India

  • India stretches 3,214 km. from N to S & 2,933 km. from E to W.
  • Area: 32, 87,263 sq. km. Accounts for 2.4% of the total world area and 16% of the population.
  • Mainland India has a coastline of 6,100 km. Including the Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar, the coastline measures about 7516.6 km.
  • In India, of the total land mass:
  • Plains: 43.3%, Plateaus: 27.7%, Hills: 18.6%, Mtns: 10.7%.
  • In the South, on the eastern side, the Gulf of Mannar & the Palk Strait separate India from Sri Lanka.
  • Total land neighbours: 7 (Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar).
  • India’s Islands include the Andaman & Nicobar Islands in Bay of Bengal & Lakshadweep, minicoy & Amindive Islands in the Arabian Sea.

Facts about Position of States of India

  • Uttar Pradesh borders maximum number of states- 8 (Eight): Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, MP, Chhatisgath, Jharkhand and Bihar.
  • Tropic of Cancer passes through 8 (Eight) States: Gujarat, Rajasthan, MP, Chhatisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram.
  • Indian Standard Meridian (82˚30’E meridian) passes through UP, MP, Chhatisgarh, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh.

Himalayan Ranges: For centuries, the mighty Himalayas, crowning the Indian sub-continent, have been revered as the abode of divinity. Hundreds of shrines and pilgrim sites dot the Himalayas foothills and the lofty ice clad peaks, many of them associated with the Indian epics. The sacred River Ganges originates here before winding its way down to the plains. Also in the Himalayas are the prayags or the sacred confluences of the various rivers that feed the River Ganges.

The Himalayan mountain system is the planet’s highest and home to the world’s highest peaks, the Eight-thousanders, which include Mount Everest and K2. To comprehend the enormous scale of this mountain range consider that Aconcagua, in the Andes, at 6,962 m (22,841 ft), is the highest peak outside Asia, whereas the Himalayan system includes over 100 mountains exceeding 7,200 metres (23,622 ft).

Nestling in the Northern lap to the Himalayan Ranges, Himachal Pradesh, literally means the land of the Snow. Valleys overflowing with exotic flowers, snow-capped peaks and green hills, gushing rivers and stream.. Himachal Pradesh is breathtakingly beautiful. It is also home to several temples and Buddhist monasteries.

List of Indian States, and information like their capital, language of state and year of establishment.

StatesCapitalLanguagesYear of Establishment
Andhra PradeshHyderabadTelugu and Urdu1951
Arunachal PradeshItanagerMiji, Apotanji, Merdukpen, Tagin,Adi, Honpa, Bangini-Nishi1972
GoaPanajiMarathi and Konkani1961
Himachal Pradesh
ShimlaHindi and Pahari1948
AizawlMizo and English1972
Jammu & Kashmir

Srinagar (Summer),Jammu (Winter) Kashmiri,Dogri, Urdu, Ladakhi,Pahari,Punjabi and Dadri1948
Madhya PradeshBhopalHindi1956
MeghalayaShillongKhasi, Jaintia and Garo1970
KohimaAo, Konyak, Angami, Sema and Lotha1963
RajasthanJaipurRajasthani and Hindi1948
SikkimGangtokBhutia, Hindi, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu1975
Tamil NaduChennaiTamil1688
TripuraAgartalaBengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak1956
Uttar PradeshLucknowHindi1937
UttarakhandDehra DunHindi2000
West BengalCalcuttaBengali1947
Union territories:
Andaman & Nicobar1956
National Capital Territory of Delhi2001
Dadra and Nagar Haveli1941
Daman and Diu1987

Here, another table is being providing to complete your knowledge about States of India. In this table we are providing the numbers of district of each state and with their population, literacy & sex ratio.

States Districts Population Literacy Rate Sex Ratio
Arunachal Pradesh (AR) 16 1,382,611 66.95 920
Asom (AS) 27 31,169,272 73.18 954
Bihar (BR) 38 103,804,637 63.82 916
Chhatishgarh (CT) 27 25,540,196 71.04 991
Goa (GA) 2 1,457,723 87.4 968
Gujraat (GJ) 33 60,383,628 79.31 918
Haryana (HR) 21 25,353,081 76.64 877
Himachal Pradesh (HP) 12 6,856,509 83.78 920
Jammu & Kashmir (JK) 22 12,548,926 68.74 883
Jharkhand (JH) 24 32,966,238 67.63 947
Karnataka (KA) 30 61,130,704 75.6 968
Kerala (KL) 14 33,387,677 93.91 1084
Madhya Pradesh (MP) 50 72,597,565 70.63 930
Maharashtra (MH) 35 112,372,972 82.91 925
Manipur (MN) 9 2,721,756 79.85 987
Meghalaya (ML) 7 2,964,007 75.48 986
Mizoram (MZ) 8 1,091,014 91.58 975
Nagaland (NL) 11 1,980,602 80.11 931
Odisha (OR) 30 41,947,358 73.45 978
Punjab (PB) 22 27,704,236 76.68 893
Rajasthan (RJ) 33 68,621,012 67.06 926
Residuary Andhra Pradesh (AP) 13 49,665,533 67.41 992
Sikkim (SK) 4 607,688 82.2 889
Tamilnadu (TN) 32 72,138,958 80.33 995
Telangana (TG) 10 35,286,757 66.46 995
Tripura (TR) 5 3,671,032 87.75 961
Uttarakhand (UT) 17 10,116,752 69.72 908
Uttar Pradesh (UP) 75 199,581,477 79.63 963
West Bengal (WB) 19 91,347,737 77.08 947
Union Territories
Andaman & Nicobar (AN) 3 379,944
Chandigarh (CH) 1 1,054,686
Dadar & Nagar Haveli (DN) 1 342,853
Delhi (DL) 9 16,753,235
Daman and Diu (DD) 2 242,911
Lakshadweep (LD) 1 64,429
Pudducherry (PY) 4 1,244,464
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