Purana Qila Information

The Purana Qila is the internal fort of ancient Dina-Panahah, situated on the bank of Yamuna river in New Delhi. This fort was built by Sher Shah Suri in his reign between 1538 and 1545. Besides being the oldest in all the forts of Delhi, it is also the oldest in all the structures of Delhi and it is situated in a place called Indraprastha which was a famous city. The fort has three major gates and it has huge walls. Inside this there is a mosque in which there are two colored octagonal pillars. The fort was the inner citadel of the city of Din Panah during Humayun’s rule who renovated it in 1533 and completed five years later.

History Purana Qila:

According to Hindu literature, this fort is situated in Indraprastha. But it was the great capital of Pandavas. While it was built by the Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, who had seized Delhi’s throne from Mughal emperor Humayun. It is said that Mughal emperor Humayun died accidentally due to falling below one of this fort. During the partition of India, the period of August 1947, the old fort was closest to Humayun’s tomb, which became the site of refuge camps for Muslims from New Pakistan. All these persons had more than 12,000 government employees, who were elected to serve Pakistan and 150,000 to 200,000 Muslim refugees who remained in the old fort till September 1947, when the Indian government took the management of two camps. The old fort camp remained functionally functioning till the beginning of 1948.

Quick info about Purana Qila:

AddressIndraprastha Purna Qila, Pragati Maidan, New Delhi, India
Established1538
FunctionMuseum
Build BySher Shah Suri
Nearest Metro StationPragati Maidan
Visiting HoursSunrise to Sunset (Open all days)
Entry Fee
  • Rs. 20 per person for Indians
  • Rs. 25 per person for Camcorder
  • Rs. 200 for Foreigners

Important Facts About Purana Qila:

  1. Inside Purana Qila there is a mosque in which there are two colored octagonal pillars.
  2. It is said that Mughal emperor Humayun died accidentally due to falling below one of the fort of Humayun.
  3. It is said that Delhi was first inhabited by Pandavas as their capital, Indraprastha ,that too 1400 years before BC. But there is no definitive proof of this.
  4. The excavation near the eastern wall of the old fort was also done between 1969 and 1973.
  5. The Wall of this fort is 2.4 kilometer long. And its three main doors are in the north, west and south.
  6. The north gate is called the “Talaqi door”. It is unclear why and when the use of this door was restricted.
  7. Sher Mandal inside the fort was an astronomical library which was initiated by Mughal Emperor Babur for his son Humayun for his hobby of astronomical star gazing. This was also the spot where Humayun fell from the second floor to his death.
  8. The double-storied gates of the Purana Quila are quite massive and are built with red sandstone. The walls of the old fort are said to be built by Humayun while the buildings in the old fort are attributed to Sher Shar, the Sur ruler.
  9. Interestingly enough, the fort had been out of use for much of the time after Humayun’s death. This is because Humayun slipped on a stairwell in the Old Fort in 1556 and later died from his injuries. This caused some to believe that the fort was cursed.
  10. The Delhi Zoo is another nearby attraction from the Purana Quila Delhi.
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