Gwalior Fort is situated near Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh, central India, popularly called “the Gibraltar of India”. The fort is divided into 2 parts with a safer texture. One part is the Gujari Mahal and the second Man Mandir. It was built by Raja Man Singh Tomar in the 8th Century. At present, this fort is in the form of an archaeological museum. A small temple situated in this fort is engraved on zero (0) on the wall which is the second oldest known example of the writing of zero. This void was engraved about 1500 years ago.
In the recorded figures of historians, this fort was constructed in the year 727 by a local sardar named Surya Sen, who lived from Singhoniya village, 12 kms from this fort. Many Rajput kings have ruled on this fort. After the establishment of the fort, Pala dynasty ruled for about 989 years. After this the pratihar dynasty ruled. In 1023, Mohammad Ghazni attacked this fort but he had to face defeat. After a long siege in 1196 AD, Qutbuddin Aibak subdued this fort, but in 1211 AD it had to face defeat. Then in 1231 AD, the founder of the Ghulam dynasty, Iltutmish, surrendered it.
|Place||Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India|
|Established||8th century and 14th century|
|Controlled By||Government of Madhya Pradesh|
|Built By||Hindu Kings of India|