Ellora Caves Information:
Ellora Cave is also called Elura. There are 34 grand temples in the form of a series of erosion of rocks, which is situated in the middle northwest. It is located 19 miles (30 km) northwest of Aurangabad and 50 miles (80 km) south of the Ajanta caves near Ellora village. These temples are spread over a distance of 1.2 miles (2 km), these caves were busted by the temple basaltic cliffs and were made on a wide front and on the inner walls. Ellora Caves is a World Heritage Site declared by UNESCO in 1983.
Ellora Caves History:
The Ellora with inaccessible hills is of 600 to 1000 AD, it exhibits the vibrant Indian ancient civilization. The Ellora complex dedicated to Buddhist, Hindu and Jainism is not only unique artistic creation and a technical excellence, but it also explains the pathetic character of ancient India. It is included in the UNESCO World Heritage. The caves of Ellora are famous among the Hindu Jains and Buddhists, because these caves are made in the states of Kalchuri, Chalukyas and Rashtrakutas.
Quick Info About Ellora Caves:
Interesting Facts about Ellora Caves:
- 34 Monastery of Ellora and the temple are spread over an area of 2 km near Aurangabad.
- Ellora caves are locally known as ‘Verul Leni’.
- Ellora is also world famous for the largest single monolithic excavation in the world, the great Kailasa (Cave 16).
- The five Jain caves at Ellora belong to the ninth and tenth centuries. They all belong to the Digambara sect.
- Ellora caves have been hewn out of the volcanic basaltic formation of Maharashtra, known as ‘Deccan Trap’.
- There is inscriptional evidence related to Rashtrakuta Dynasty, on the back wall of the front mandapa of Cave 15.
- Brahmanical caves and two Buddhist caves (caves 11 and 12) are attributed to the Rashtrakuta times.
- Buddhist caves mostly consist of viharas or monasteries, which include living quarters, sleeping quarters, kitchens, and other rooms.
- The entrance of Ramesvara cave (Cave 21) is adorned with figurines of River Goddesses – Ganga and Yamuna.
- Chhota Kailash (cave 30), Indra Sabha (cave 32) and Jagannath Sabha (cave 33) are the most remarkable Jain caves.