Telangana is the 29th state of India located in the north-western part. Hyderabad has been declared the joint capital of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana but the proposed capital is Amravati. Hyderabad is the largest city in the state.
Telangana is derived from the name Telugu Angana, which means place where Telugu is spoken. Telangana was originally a part of the Nizam’s Hyderabad principality. In 1948 India ended the Nizam’s regime and the state of Hyderabad was formed. Telangana, which was part of Hyderabad in 1956, was merged with newly formed Andhra Pradesh. Some parts of Nizam’s rule were merged in Karnataka and Maharashtra. Andhra Pradesh was the first state to be formed on the basis of language.
On 29 November 2009, under the leadership of Chandrasekhar Rao, the ruling Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) started an indefinite hunger strike demanding the formation of Telangana. Then government formed a committee of 5-member committee headed by former judge Shrikrishna in 2010, which gave its report to the Central Government on December 30, 2010. On December 05, 2013 the cabinet approved the draft bill made by the minister. On February 18, 2014, the Telangana bill passed by the Lok Sabha and after two days it got approval from the Rajya Sabha. Finally, Government of India announced the formation Telangana on March 04, 2014 and on 2nd June 2014 Telangana became the 29th state of the Country.
The word ‘Telangana’ means ‘land of Telugu speakers’. Telangana area is 114,840 sq km. Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north and northwest, Chhattisgarh, Odisha to the northeast, Karnataka to the west and Andhra Pradesh to the east and south. Major rivers of Telangana are Mussi, Krishna, Manjeera and Godavari. The state tree of Telangana is ‘Khamadi (Jammi)’. The state animal of ‘Telangana’ is ‘deer’. The state bird of Telangana is ‘Indian Roller’. The state flower of Telangana is ‘Tangedu’.
The Telangana state came into existence as the 29th state of India, separated from the state of Andhra Pradesh. Just like Andhra Pradesh, the climate of this state is hot and dry.
Telangana has a parliamentary system of government. The system is divided into three different branches. The executive authority lies with the Council of Ministers, headed by the Chief Minister of the state. There are 119 members in the legislative assembly and 40 members in the legislative council of the state. The main political parties of the state are the ruling Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS), Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and the Indian National Congress.
Chandrasekhar Rao is the current Chief Minister of Telangana. He took oath as Chief Minister Telangana on 02 June 2014. Chandrasekhar Rao is the first person to become the Chief Minister of Telangana.
The current governor of Telangana is ESL Narasimhan. E.S.L. Narasimhan took oath as the Governor of Telangana on 02 June 2014.
In the financial year 2012-13, the gross State Domestic Product of Telangana (GSDP) was Rs. 1,96,182 crores. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam and Godavari River Valley Irrigation Project are multi-state irrigation projects of the state. Telangana is one of the top exporters of the country in Information Technology and Biotechnology. Telangana is considered a mineral rich state due to the coal reserves present in the Singareni coliaries.
Agriculture is one of the most important Sector of Telangana. Crops like cotton, mango and tobacco are locally grown in the state. Telangana is the leading turmeric producing state in the country.
Telangana Minerals: There are many Natural minerals found such as limestone, cement, bauxite and asbestos in the state.
Telangana Industries: Spices, Mines and Minerals, Textiles, Medicines, Horticulture are the major industries of the state.
This state belongs to the South Central Railway. South Central Railway has two major divisions, Hyderabad and Secunderabad which come into this state. The state’s largest airport is the Rajiv Gandhi International Airport and it is the busiest airport in the country. The bus service in Telangana is managed by the Telangana State Road Transport Corporation (TSRTC).
The population of this region is 3,52,86,757 (According to 2011 Census) which is 41.6 percent of Andhra Pradesh’s population. The population of men and women in Telangana is 1,77,04,078 and 2,46,48,731 respectively. Telangana’s population is 84% Hindu, 12.4% Muslims and 3.2% is a follower of Sikhism, Christianity and other religions.
The literacy rate of Telangana is 66.50% (According to 2011 census). There are many government and private schools in the state besides many higher education institutions and universities. State schools are affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education, ICSE or State Board. Hyderabad University, Hyderabad, IIT and National Institute of Technology of Warangal are some of the state’s leading educational institutions.
Mostly population in the state speaks Telagu. Urdu is also widely spoken in parts of the state. The influence of Persian customs on the state’s culture has come from Nizam and Mughal times.There are many festivals celebrated in the state such as Hindu festivals Deepawali, Ramanavami, Ganesh Chaturthi, Maha Shivaratri and Muslim festivals such as Bakra-Eid and Eid-ul-Fitr. Bataukamma festival and Lashkar Bonalu are the state festivals of Telangana.
Telugu is the official language of Telangana. Telugu is included words from other languages like Urdu, Sanskrit and English. Before 1948, Urdu was the official language of Hyderabad, but later it became the official language after joining Hyderabad in the Republic of India. The medium of education in schools and colleges in the state is also Telugu.
Telangana has its own speciality of food. Rice is the main diet of Telugu cuisine and it is generally eaten with a variety of curries and lentil lentils or broth. The main dishes of the state include Sarv Pindi, Madugulu, Chakunlu Skinlu, Charu, Pulusu, Pesa Rattu, Urgaya pickle, Appadam (Papad), Gongura Chana Dal, Barmil Kura, Telangana Sakinalu, Idli, Vada, Uma and Dosa are very popular in the state.
There are many famous tourist destinations in Telangana. Major tourist destinations of Telangana are: Charminar, Golconda Fort , Qutb Shahi Tombs, Kakatiya Kala Thoranam, Bhongir Fort, Paigah Tombs, Kulpakji or Kolanupaka Temple, Birla Mandir, Thousand Pillar Temple , Falaknuma Palace, Ramoji Film City, Yadagirigutta, Ramappa Temple, Salarjung Museum, Hussain Sagar, Nehru Zoological Park, Lumbini Park, Mecca Masjid, Medak Church, Kuntala Waterfall, Mallela Theertham, Bheemuni Paadam Waterfalls, Pochera Falls, Gayatri Waterfalls and Badapahad Dargah or Peddagutta etc.
There are total 10 district in the state which are as follows:-
Adilabad, Hyderabad, Karimnagar,Khammam, Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad, Rangareddy, and WarangalList of Indian States, and information like their capital, language of state and year of establishment.
|States||Capital||Languages||Year of Establishment|
|Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad||Telugu and Urdu||1951|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Itanager||Miji, Apotanji, Merdukpen, Tagin,Adi, Honpa, Bangini-Nishi||1972|
|Goa||Panaji||Marathi and Konkani||1961|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||Hindi and Pahari||1948|
|Mizoram||Aizawl||Mizo and English||1972|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer),Jammu (Winter)||Kashmiri,Dogri, Urdu, Ladakhi,Pahari,Punjabi and Dadri||1948|
|Meghalaya||Shillong||Khasi, Jaintia and Garo||1970|
|Nagaland||Kohima||Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema and Lotha||1963|
|Rajasthan||Jaipur||Rajasthani and Hindi||1948|
|Sikkim||Gangtok||Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu||1975|
|Tripura||Agartala||Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak||1956|
|Andaman & Nicobar||1956|
|National Capital Territory of Delhi||2001|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||1941|
|Daman and Diu||1987|