1801 in History – What happened in year 1801

In history, year 1801 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1801.

Know what happened in 1801:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
01 January The Kingdom of Ireland formally merged with the Kingdom of Great Britain, adding St. Patrick's saltire to the Union Flag.
27 FebruaryUnder the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801, Washington, D.C., a new planned city and capital of the United States, was placed under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Congress.
06 MayFrench Revolutionary Wars-The outmanned and outgunnedHMS Speedy captured the 32-gun Spanish frigate El Gamo.
02 AprilWar of the Second Coalition-British forces led by Vice AdmiralHoratio Nelson defeated the Dano-Norwegian fleet at the Battle ofCopenhagen.
17 FebruaryThe U.S. House of Representatives elected Thomas Jefferson asPresident and Aaron Burr as Vice President, resolving an electoral tiein the 1800 U.S. presidential election.
31 JanuaryJohn Marshall became the fourth Chief Justice of the UnitedStates; his court opinions would help lay the basis for Americanconstitutional law and made the Supreme Court a coequal branch ofgovernment.
02 AprilWar of the Second Coalition-British forces led by Vice AdmiralHoratio Nelson defeated the Dano-Norwegian fleet at the Battle ofCopenhagen.
01 October With the signing of the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso, Spain returned the colonial territory of Louisiana to France in return for the Tuscany area of Italy.
01 AugustFirst Barbary War-The American schooner USS Enterprise captured the Tripolitan polacca Tripoli in a single-ship action off thecoast of modern-day Libya.
12 JulyFrench Revolutionary Wars-A squadron of British Royal Navyships of the line defeated a larger squadron of ships from the Spanish Navy and French Navy in the Gut of Gibraltar.
31 JanuaryJohn Marshall became the fourth Chief Justice of the United States; his court opinions helped lay the basis for American constitutional law and made the Supreme Court a coequal branch of government.
17 FebruaryThe U.S. House of Representatives elected Thomas Jefferson as President and Aaron Burr as Vice President, resolving an electoral tie in the 1800 presidential election.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1801:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
03 NovemberVincenzo Bellini / Composer / Italy
04 JuneJames Pennethorne / Architect / United Kingdom
05 JulyDavid Farragut / Admiral / United States of America
07 DecemberJohann Nestroy / Actor / Austria
09 NovemberGail Borden / Publisher / United States of America
09 MayPeter Hesketh-Fleetwood / Politician / United Kingdom
10 NovemberVladimir Dal / Author / Russia
11 DecemberChristian Dietrich Grabbe / Poet / Germany
12 OctoberFriedrich Frey-Herosé / Politician / Switzerland
12 AprilJoseph Lanner / Composer / Austria
14 JuneHeber C. Kimball / Religious Leader / United States of America
14 JulyJohannes Peter Müller / Physiologist / Germany
20 OctoberMelchior Berri / Educator / Switzerland
21 February John Henry Newman / Cardinal / United Kingdom
23 OctoberAlbert Lortzing / Singer / Germany
24 NovemberLudwig Bechstein / Poet / Germany
27 March Alexander Barrow / Politician / United States of America
28 AugustAntoine Augustin Cournot / Philosopher / France
30 JuneFrédéric Bastiat / Economist / France
31 MayJohann Georg Baiter / Scholar / Switzerland

More years: 1801 | 1811 | 1821 | 1831 | 1841 | 1851 | 1861 | 1871 | 1881 | 1891 || 1501 | 1601 | 1701 | 1801 | 1901

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