1812 in History – What happened in year 1812

In history, year 1812 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1812.

Know what happened in 1812:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
03 November French invasion of Russia-As Napoleon's Grande Armée beganits retreat, its rear guard was defeated at the Battle of Vyazma(monument pictured).
04 September War of 1812-A coalition of Native American tribes began theSiege of Fort Harrison in Terre Haute, Indiana, by setting the fort onfire.
06 AprilPeninsular War-After a three-week siege, the Anglo-Portuguese Army, under the Earl of Wellington , captured Badajoz, Spain and forced the surrender of the French garrison.
07 September Napoleonic Wars-The French Grande Armée forced the Russiansto withdraw at the Battle of Borodino.
11 MayIn the lobby of the British House of Commons, Spencer Percevalbecame the first, and to date only, British Prime Minister to beassassinated.
13 OctoberWar of 1812-British troops and Mohawk warriors repelled anAmerican invasion from across the Niagara River at the Battle ofQueenston Heights near Queenston, Ontario.
15 AugustWar of 1812-Potawatomi warriors destroyed the United StatesArmy's Fort Dearborn in what is now Chicago, Illinois, and captured thesurvivors.
18 November Napoleonic Wars-During Napoleon's invasion of Russia, MarshalMichel Ney's leadership in the Battle of Krasnoi earned him the nickname'the bravest of the brave' despite the overwhelming French defeat.
19 AugustWar of 1812-American Navy frigate USS Constitution defeatedBritish Royal Navy frigate HMS Guerriere off the coast of Nova Scotia,Canada, earning her nickname 'Old Ironsides'.
24 JuneNapoleonic Wars-The French Grande Armée under Napoleoncrossed the Neman River, marking the start of their invasion of Russia.
25 OctoberWar of 1812-USS United States captured HMS Macedonian, whichlater became the first British warship to be brought into an Americanharbor.
27 FebruaryManuel Belgrano raised the Flag of Argentina, which he designed, for the first time in the city of Rosario, during the Argentine War of Independence.
18 NovemberNapoleonic Wars-During Napoleon's invasion of Russia, MarshalMichel Ney's leadership in the Battle of Krasnoi earned him the nickname'the bravest of the brave' despite the overwhelming French defeat.
23 OctoberGeneral Claude François de Malet began a conspiracy tooverthrow Napoleon, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia and that hewas now the commandant of Paris.
03 NovemberFrench invasion of Russia-As Napoleon's Grande Armée beganits retreat, its rear guard was defeated at the Battle of Vyazma.
07 SeptemberNapoleonic Wars-The French Grande Armée forced the Russians to withdraw at the Battle of Borodino.
15 AugustWar of 1812-Potawatomi warriors destroyed the United States Army's Fort Dearborn in what is now Chicago, Illinois, and captured the survivors.
18 NovemberNapoleonic Wars-During Napoleon's invasion of Russia, Marshal Michel Ney's leadership in the Battle of Krasnoi earned him the nickname'the bravest of the brave' despite the overwhelming French defeat.
22 NovemberWar of 1812-During a punitive expedition against Native American villages, a contingent of Indiana Rangers were ambushed by Kickapoo, Winnebago, and Shawnee warriors.
27 February Manuel Belgrano raised the Flag of Argentina, which hedesigned, for the first time in the city of Rosario, during theArgentine War of Independence.
03 NovemberFrench invasion of Russia-As Napoleon's Grande Armée beganits retreat, its rear guard was defeated at the Battle of Vyazma.
18 NovemberNapoleonic Wars-During Napoleon's invasion of Russia, Marshal Michel Ney's leadership in the Battle of Krasnoi earned him the nickname'the bravest of the brave' despite the overwhelming French defeat.
23 OctoberGeneral Claude François de Malet began a conspiracy tooverthrow Napoleon, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia and that hewas now the commandant of Paris.
15 AugustWar of 1812-Potawatomi warriors destroyed the United States Army's Fort Dear born in what is now Chicago, Illinois, and captured the survivors.
24 JuneNapoleonic Wars-The French Grande Armée under Napoleon crossed the Neman River, marking the start of their invasion of Russia.
11 MayIn the lobby of the British House of Commons, Spencer Percevalbecame the only British Prime Minister to be assassinated.
26 MarchThe Boston Gazette printed a political cartoon coining the term'gerrymander', named after Governor Elbridge Gerry's approval oflegislation that created oddly shaped electoral districts designed tohelp incumbents win reelection.
24 JuneNapoleonic Wars: The French Grande Armée under Napoleoncrossed the Neman River, marking the start of their invasion of Russia.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1812:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 March Augustus Pugin / Architect / United Kingdom
02 SeptemberWilliam Fox / Politician / United Kingdom
06 March Aaron Lufkin Dennison / Business Man / United States of America
06 DecemberRobert Spear Hudson / Business Man / United Kingdom
07 MayRobert Browning / Poet / United Kingdom
08 January Sigismond Thalberg / Composer / Switzerland
10 MayWilliam Henry Barlow / Engineer / United Kingdom
12 SeptemberRichard March Hoe / Business Man / United States of America
14 JuneFernando Wood / Politician / United States of America
14 AprilGeorge Grey / Soldier / Portugal
15 February Charles Lewis Tiffany / Business Man / United States of America
17 DecemberVilhelm Petersen / Painter / Denmark
18 JuneIvan Goncharov / Journalist / Russia
20 January Thomas Meik / Engineer / Scotland
22 AprilSolomon Caesar Malan / Orientalist / United Kingdom
24 DecemberKarl Eduard Zachariae von Lingenthal / Lawyer / Germany
25 February Carl Christian Hall / Politician / Denmark
27 AprilFriedrich von Flotow / Composer / Germany
28 February Berthold Auerbach / Poet / Germany
29 February James Milne Wilson / Politician / Scotland

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1812:

YearName / Profession / Country
14 DecemberLord Canning / Indian Govt. / India

More years: 1802 | 1812 | 1822 | 1832 | 1842 | 1852 | 1862 | 1872 | 1882 | 1892 || 1512 | 1612 | 1712 | 1812 | 1912

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