1814 in History – What happened in year 1814

In history, year 1814 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1814.

Know what happened in 1814:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
11 AprilThe Treaty of Fontainebleau was signed, ending the War of the Sixth Coalition, and forcing Napoleon to abdicate as ruler of France and sending him into exile on Elba.
12 September War of 1812-Although the Maryland Militia lost the Battle ofNorth Point, they were able to delay the British advance againstBaltimore, buying time for the defense of the city.
13 July The Carabinieri, the national military police of Italy, wasfounded by Victor Emmanuel I as the police force of the Kingdom ofSardinia.
14 January Sweden and Denmark–Norway signed the Treaty of Kiel, whereby Frederick VI of Denmark, a loser in the Napoleonic Wars, ceded Norway to Sweden in return for the Swedish holdings in Pomerania.
25 July War of 1812-In present-day Niagara Falls, Ontario, the UnitedStates and Great Britain engaged in one of the deadliest battles everfought on Canadian soil.
30 MayThe War of the Sixth Coalition ended with the signing of theTreaty of Paris, which deposed Napoleon and restored Louis XVIII to theFrench throne.
13 SeptemberWar of 1812-Fort McHenry in Baltimore's Inner Harbor wasattacked by British forces during the Battle of Baltimore, laterinspiring Francis Scott Key to write 'The Star-Spangled Banner', whichlater became the national anthem of the United States.
14 JanuarySweden and Denmark–Norway signed the Treaty of Kiel, wherebyFrederick VI of Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden in return for theSwedish holdings in Pomerania.
01 February The most destructive eruption of the Mayon Volcano occurred,killing over 2,000 people on the island of Luzon in the Philippines.
04 MayFerdinand VII abolished the Spanish Constitution of 1812,returning Spain to absolutism.
04 MarchWar of 1812-An American raiding party defeated an attempt byBritish regulars, volunteers from the Canadian militia and NativeAmericans to intercept them near present-day Wardville, Ontario.
11 SeptemberThe Battle of Plattsburgh ended Britain's final invasion of the northern states during the War of 1812.
11 AprilThe Treaty of Fontainebleau was signed, ending the War of theSixth Coalition, and forcing Napoleon to abdicate as ruler of France andsending him into exile on Elba.
12 SeptemberWar of 1812-Although the Maryland Militia lost the Battle ofNorth Point, they delayed the British advance against Baltimore, buyingtime for the defense of the city.
13 JulyThe Carabinieri (modern Carabiniere pictured), the national military police of Italy, was founded by Victor Emmanuel I as the police force of the Kingdom of Sardinia.
14 January Sweden and Denmark–Norway signed the Treaty of Kiel, wherebyFrederick VI of Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden in return for theSwedish holdings in Pomerania.
24 ecemberThe Treaty of Ghent was signed in Ghent, in present-day Belgium, ending the War of 1812 between the United Kingdom and theUnited States.
24 AugustWar of 1812-British forces invaded Washington, D.C., setting fire to various U.S. government buildings, including what is now the White House.
25 JulyWar of 1812-In present-day Niagara Falls, Ontario, the United States and Great Britain engaged in Battle of Lundy's Lane, one of the deadliest ever fought on Canadian soil.
13 SeptemberWar of 1812-Fort McHenry in Baltimore's Inner Harbor was attacked by British forces during the Battle of Baltimore, inspiring Francis Scott Key to write 'Defence of Fort McHenry', which later wasused as the lyrics to the United States' national anthem.
04 AprilNapoleon abdicated as Emperor of the French and named his sonNapoleon II to replace him.
14 JanuarySweden and Denmark–Norway signed the Treaty of Kiel, whereby Frederick VI of Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden in return for the Swedish holdings in Pomerania.
11 AprilThe Treaty of Fontainebleau was signed, ending the War of the Sixth Coalition, and forcing Napoleon to abdicate as ruler of France and sending him into exile on Elba.
04 MayFerdinand VII abolished the Spanish Constitution of 1812, returning Spain to absolutism.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1814:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 SeptemberErnst Curtius / Historian / Germany
03 SeptemberJames Joseph Sylvester / Academic / United Kingdom
05 March Wilhelm von Giesebrecht / Academic / Germany
06 February Auguste Chapdelaine / Missionary / France
06 NovemberAdolphe Sax / Instrument Designer / Belgium
09 March Taras Shevchenko / Poet / Ukraine
09 February Samuel J. Tilden / Politician / United States of America
10 AugustHenri Nestlé / Business Man / Germany
11 January James Paget / Surgeon / United Kingdom
13 AugustAnders Jonas Ångström / Physicist / Sweden
13 DecemberAna Néri / Nurse / Brazil
14 MayCharles Beyer / Engineer / United Kingdom
15 OctoberMikhail Lermontov / Poet / Russia
17 AprilJosif Pančić / Academic / Serbia
19 AprilLouis Amédée Achard / Journalist / France
19 OctoberTheodoros Vryzakis / Painter / Greece
22 MayAmalia Lindegren / Painter / Sweden
25 JuneGabriel Auguste Daubrée / Engineer / France
27 January Eugène Viollet-le-Duc / Architect / France
28 AugustSheridan Le Fanu / Author / Ireland

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1814:

YearName / Profession / Country
NA NATatya Tope / Freedom Fighter / India

More years: 1804 | 1814 | 1824 | 1834 | 1844 | 1854 | 1864 | 1874 | 1884 | 1894 || 1514 | 1614 | 1714 | 1814 | 1914

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