1861 in History – What happened in year 1861


In history, year 1861 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1861.

Know what happened in 1861:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
07 November American Civil War-Future U.S. President Ulysses S. Grantengaged in his first combat leadership role in the Battle of Belmont inMississippi County, Missouri.
17 JuneAmerican Civil War-The Battle of Vienna, Virginia, took place,which involved one of the earliest military movements of troops by trainin the world.
21 July In the First Battle of Bull Run, the first major land battle inthe American Civil War, the Confederate Army under Joseph E. Johnstonand P. G. T. Beauregard routed Union Army troops under Irvin McDowell.
05 AugustWith the passage of the Revenue Act, the U.S. government issuedits first income tax-3% of all incomes over $800 (later rescinded in1872).
10 AugustAmerican Civil War-The first major battle west of theMississippi River, the Battle of Wilson's Creek, was fought.
09 FebruaryAmerican Civil War-Jefferson Davis was named as theprovisional president of the Confederate States of America.
03 MarchThe Emancipation Manifesto of Tsar Alexander II wasproclaimed, abolishing serfdom in Imperial Russia.
09 NovemberAmerican Civil War-The USS San Jacinto stopped the British mailship Trent and arrested two Confederate envoys en route to Europe,sparking a major diplomatic crisis between the United Kingdom and the United States.
10 DecemberForces led by Nguyn Trung Trc, an anti-colonial guerrillaleader in southern Vietnam, sank the French lorcha L'Esperance.
25 OctoberThe Toronto Stock Exchange, the stock exchange with the mostmining and petrochemical companies listed in the world, was established.
28 AugustAmerican Civil War-The Union Army successfully extended itsblockage strategy by capturing two Confederate forts on North Carolina's Outer Banks.
03 MarchThe Emancipation Manifesto of Tsar Alexander II wasproclaimed, abolishing serfdom in Imperial Russia.
08 FebruaryAmerican Civil War-Jefferson Davis was named as theprovisional president of the Confederate States of America.
12 AprilConfederate forces began firing at Fort Sumter in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, starting the American Civil War.
19 AprilAmerican Civil War The first bloodshed of the war took place when Confederate sympathizers in Baltimore, Maryland, attacked members of the Massachusetts militia en route to Washington, D.C.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1861:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 AprilIván Persa / Author / Slovenia
02 February Solomon R. Guggenheim / Business Man / United States of America
03 January Ernest Renshaw / Tennis Player / United Kingdom
04 OctoberFrederic Remington / Painter / United States of America
06 AprilStanislas de Guaita / Poet / France
06 January János Zsupánek / Poet / Hungary
07 NovemberJeff Milton / Police Officer / United States of America
07 JulyNettie Stevens / Geneticist / United States of America
08 DecemberGeorges Méliès / Actor / France
08 DecemberAristide Maillol / Painter / France
12 February Lou Andreas-Salomé / Author / Russia
12 March József Konkolics / Author / Hungary
14 January Mehmed VI / Sultan / Turkey
15 DecemberCharles Duryea / Business Man / United States of America
16 OctoberRichard Sears / Tennis Player / United States of America
17 JuneOmar Bundy / General / United States of America
18 DecemberLionel Monckton / Composer / United Kingdom
23 MayJózsef Rippl-Rónai / Painter / Hungary
23 SeptemberRobert Bosch / Engineer / Germany
27 AprilWilliam Arms Fisher / Historian / United States of America

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1861:

YearName / Profession / Country
06 MayMotilal Nehru / Politician / India
18 JulyKadambini Ganguly / Doctor / India
15 SeptemberM. Visvesvaraya / Scientist / India
18 JulyKadambini Ganguly / Doctor / India
24 SeptemberBhikaiji Rustom Cama / Freedom Fighter / India
24 SeptemberBhikaiji Cama / Activist / India
07 MayRavindra Nath Tagore / Poet / India
7 MayRabindra Nath Tagore / Writer / India
18 JuneDevaki Nandan Khatri / Writer / India
06 MayMotilal Nehru / Freedom Fighter / India
6 MayMotilal Nehru / Lawyer / India
25 DecemberMadan Mohan Malaviya / Lawyer / India
07 MayRabindranath Tagore / Poet / India
25 DecemberMadan Mohan Malaviya / Educationist / India
25 DecemberMadan Mohan Malviya / Freedom Fighter / India
15 SeptemberM. Visvesvaraya / Engineer / India

More years: 1801 | 1811 | 1821 | 1831 | 1841 | 1851 | 1861 | 1871 | 1881 | 1891 || 1561 | 1661 | 1761 | 1861 | 1961

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