1861 in History – What happened in year 1861

In history, year 1861 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1861.

Know what happened in 1861:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
07 November American Civil War-Future U.S. President Ulysses S. Grantengaged in his first combat leadership role in the Battle of Belmont inMississippi County, Missouri.
17 JuneAmerican Civil War-The Battle of Vienna, Virginia, took place,which involved one of the earliest military movements of troops by trainin the world.
21 July In the First Battle of Bull Run, the first major land battle inthe American Civil War, the Confederate Army under Joseph E. Johnstonand P. G. T. Beauregard routed Union Army troops under Irvin McDowell.
05 AugustWith the passage of the Revenue Act, the U.S. government issuedits first income tax-3% of all incomes over $800 (later rescinded in1872).
10 AugustAmerican Civil War-The first major battle west of theMississippi River, the Battle of Wilson's Creek, was fought.
09 FebruaryAmerican Civil War-Jefferson Davis was named as theprovisional president of the Confederate States of America.
03 MarchThe Emancipation Manifesto of Tsar Alexander II wasproclaimed, abolishing serfdom in Imperial Russia.
09 NovemberAmerican Civil War-The USS San Jacinto stopped the British mailship Trent and arrested two Confederate envoys en route to Europe,sparking a major diplomatic crisis between the United Kingdom and the United States.
10 DecemberForces led by Nguyn Trung Trc, an anti-colonial guerrillaleader in southern Vietnam, sank the French lorcha L'Esperance.
25 OctoberThe Toronto Stock Exchange, the stock exchange with the mostmining and petrochemical companies listed in the world, was established.
28 AugustAmerican Civil War-The Union Army successfully extended itsblockage strategy by capturing two Confederate forts on North Carolina's Outer Banks.
03 MarchThe Emancipation Manifesto of Tsar Alexander II wasproclaimed, abolishing serfdom in Imperial Russia.
08 FebruaryAmerican Civil War-Jefferson Davis was named as theprovisional president of the Confederate States of America.
12 AprilConfederate forces began firing at Fort Sumter in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, starting the American Civil War.
19 AprilAmerican Civil War The first bloodshed of the war took place when Confederate sympathizers in Baltimore, Maryland, attacked members of the Massachusetts militia en route to Washington, D.C.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1861:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 AugustSammy Jones / Cricketer / Australia
02 AugustPrafulla Chandra Ray / Chemist / Bangladesh
02 February Solomon R. Guggenheim / Business Man / United States of America
02 AprilIván Persa / Author / Slovenia
02 JuneConcordia Selander / Actress / Sweden
03 January William Renshaw / Tennis Player / United Kingdom
03 January Ernest Renshaw / Tennis Player / United Kingdom
05 DecemberKonstantin Korovin / Painter / Russia
06 February Nikolay Zelinsky / Academic / Russia
07 JulyNettie Stevens / Geneticist / United States of America
12 JuneWilliam Attewell / Cricketer / United Kingdom
15 February Charles Édouard Guillaume / Academic / France
19 JuneDouglas Haig / Field Marshal / Scotland
19 March Lomer Gouin / Politician / Canada
20 SeptemberHerbert Putnam / Lawyer / United States of America
20 JuneFrederick Gowland Hopkins / Academic / United Kingdom
23 MayJózsef Rippl-Rónai / Painter / Hungary
26 February Nadezhda Krupskaya / Politician / Russia
30 OctoberAntoine Bourdelle / Painter / France
30 SeptemberWilliam Wrigley / Business Man / United States of America

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1861:

YearName / Profession / Country
18 JuneDevaki Nandan Khatri / Writer / India
24 SeptemberBhikaiji Cama / Activist / India
18 JulyKadambini Ganguly / Doctor / India
24 SeptemberBhikaiji Rustom Cama / Freedom Fighter / India
07 MayRavindra Nath Tagore / Poet / India
7 MayRabindra Nath Tagore / Writer / India
25 DecemberMadan Mohan Malviya / Freedom Fighter / India
06 MayMotilal Nehru / Freedom Fighter / India
15 SeptemberM. Visvesvaraya / Engineer / India
15 SeptemberM. Visvesvaraya / Scientist / India
18 JulyKadambini Ganguly / Doctor / India
25 DecemberMadan Mohan Malaviya / Educationist / India
07 MayRabindranath Tagore / Poet / India
6 MayMotilal Nehru / Lawyer / India
25 DecemberMadan Mohan Malaviya / Lawyer / India
06 MayMotilal Nehru / Politician / India

More years: 1801 | 1811 | 1821 | 1831 | 1841 | 1851 | 1861 | 1871 | 1881 | 1891 || 1561 | 1661 | 1761 | 1861 | 1961

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