1862 in History – What happened in year 1862

In history, year 1862 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1862.

Know what happened in 1862:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
04 July In a rowing boat on the River Thames from Oxford to Godstow,author Lewis Carroll told Alice Liddell and her sisters a story thatwould eventually form the basis for his book Alice's Adventures inWonderland.
08 AugustAmerican Civil War-After nearly being driven from the field inthe early part of the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Confederate troopscounterattacked and achieved a victory.
08 OctoberAmerican Civil War-The Battle of Perryville, one of thebloodiest battles of the war, was fought in the Chaplin Hills west ofPerryville, Kentucky.
10 FebruaryAmerican Civil War-A Union naval flotilla destroyed the bulk of the Confederate Mosquito Fleet in the Battle of Elizabeth City on the Pasquotank River in North Carolina.
13 DecemberAmerican Civil War-Union forces under Maj. Gen. AmbroseBurnside suffered severe casualties against entrenched Confederatedefenders at the Battle of Fredericksburg in Fredericksburg, Virginia.
17 FebruaryAmerican Civil War-The Union Army captured Columbia, South Carolina, and began burning it to the ground.
20 JuneBarbu Catargiu, the first Prime Minister of Romania, wasassassinated after denying people the right of assembly to commemoratethe Revolutions of 1848.
26 DecemberAmerican Civil War-Confederate defenders were victorious inthe Battle of Chickasaw Bayou as the Union Army attempted to capture thecity of Vicksburg, Mississippi.
28 March American Civil War-An invasion of the New Mexico Territory by the Confederate States Army was halted at the Battle of Glorieta Pass.
29 AprilAmerican Civil War-Union forces under David Farragut captured New Orleans, securing access into the Mississippi River.
31 DecemberAmerican Civil War-The Battle of Stones River in Murfreesboro,Tennessee, began in an engagement where both sides would suffer theirhighest casualty rates of the war.
12 DecemberAmerican Civil War-The USS Cairo was sunk in the Yazoo River,the first armored ship sunk by a naval mine.
05 JuneAs the Treaty of Saigon was signed, ceding parts of southernVietnam to France, the guerrilla leader Truong Dinh decided to defyEmperor Tu Duc of Vietnam and fight on against the Europeans.
07 AprilAmerican Civil War-Union forces defeated Confederates at theBattle of Shiloh, the bloodiest battle in U.S. history at the time, inHardin County, Tennessee.
07 March American Civil War-Union forces engaged Confederate troops inPea Ridge, Arkansas, fighting to a victory one day later thatessentially cemented their control in Missouri.
06 FebruaryUnion forces earned one of their first important victories inthe American Civil War at the Battle of Fort Henry in western Tennessee.
16 FebruaryAmerican Civil War-Union victory in the Battle of FortDonelson gave General Ulysses S. Grant the nickname 'UnconditionalSurrender' Grant.
21 FebruaryAmerican Civil War-The Confederate Army began an attempt togain control of the Southwest with a major victory in the Battle ofValverde.
04 JulyIn a rowing boat on the River Thames from Oxford to Godstow,author Lewis Carroll told Alice Liddell and her sisters a story thatwould eventually form the basis for his book Alice's Adventures inWonderland.
05 AprilAmerican Civil War-Union Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's Armyof the Potomac engaged Confederate forces led by Maj. Gen. John B.Magruder at the Battle of Yorktown in Yorktown, Virginia.
08 OctoberAmerican Civil War-The Battle of Perryville, one of the bloodiest battles of the war, was fought in the Chaplin Hills west of Perryville, Kentucky.
15 SeptemberAmerican Civil War-Confederate forces captured the Uniongarrison at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, taking more than 12,000 prisoners.
16 JulyDavid Farragut became the first person to be promoted to therank of rear admiral in the United States Navy.
16 AprilSlavery in Washington, D.C., ended when the District ofColumbia Compensated Emancipation Act became law.
16 January The beam of a pumping engine broke at the Hartley Colliery inNorthumberland, England, and fell down the shaft trapping the men below,resulting in the deaths of 204 men.
19 January American Civil War-In their first significant victory, Unionforces defeated the Confederates at the Battle of Mill Springs nearmodern Nancy, Kentucky.
23 MarchAmerican Civil War-Confederate General Stonewall Jacksonsuffered his only defeat during the war in the First Battle of Kernstownin Frederick County, Virginia.
29 JulyAmerican Civil War-Confederate spy Belle Boyd was arrested by Union troops after her lover turned her in.
29 AprilAmerican Civil War-Union forces under David Farragut capturedNew Orleans, securing access into the Mississippi River.
30 AugustAmerican Civil War-In separate actions, Confederate forceswere victorious in both the Battle of Richmond in Kentucky and the Second Battle of Bull Run in Prince William County, Virginia.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1862:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 March John Jay Chapman / Author / United States of America
03 February James Clark McReynolds / Lawyer / United States of America
03 NovemberHenry George / Politician / United States of America
03 January Matthew Nathan / Politician / United Kingdom
04 March Jacob Robert Emden / Physicist / Switzerland
05 JulyHoratio Caro / Chess Player / United Kingdom
06 JuneHenry Newbolt / Author / United Kingdom
07 SeptemberEdgar Speyer / Financier / United Kingdom
11 SeptemberJulian Byng / Politician / United Kingdom
12 DecemberJ. Bruce Ismay / Business Man / United Kingdom
15 MayArthur Schnitzler / Author / Austria
16 AugustAmos Alonzo Stagg / Baseball Player / United States of America
18 March Eugène Jansson / Painter / Sweden
22 JulyCosmo Duff-Gordon / Fencer / Scotland
22 DecemberConnie Mack / Baseball Player / United States of America
24 March Frank Weston Benson / Painter / United States of America
27 March Dorothea Fairbridge / Author / South Africa
27 March Arturo Berutti / Composer / Argentina
27 March Jelena Dimitrijević / Writer / Serbia
28 March Aristide Briand / Politician / France

More years: 1802 | 1812 | 1822 | 1832 | 1842 | 1852 | 1862 | 1872 | 1882 | 1892 || 1562 | 1662 | 1762 | 1862 | 1962

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