1864 in History – What happened in year 1864

In history, year 1864 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1864.

Know what happened in 1864:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
04 November American Civil War-Nathan Bedford Forrest led a cavalrydivision in an attack on a Union Army supply base at Johnsonville,Tennessee, capturing 150 prisoners.
15 November American Civil War-Union Army General William T. Sherman beganhis 'March to the Sea', inflicting significant damage to property andinfrastructure on his way from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.
18 AugustAmerican Civil War-At the Battle of Globe Tavern, Union forcesattempted to sever the Weldon Railroad during the Siege of Petersburg.
19 OctoberAmerican Civil War-Despite incurring nearly twice as manycasualties as the Confederates, the Union Army emerged victorious in theBattle of Cedar Creek.
29 JuneCanada's worst railway accident took place when a passengertrain fell through an open swing bridge into the Richelieu River nearpresent-day Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec.
02 SeptemberAmerican Civil War-Union forces entered Atlanta, Georgia, a day after the Confederate defenders fled the city, bringing the Atlanta Campaign to a close.
04 NovemberAmerican Civil War-Nathan Bedford Forrest led a cavalry division in an attack on a Union Army supply base at Johnsonville,Tennessee, capturing 150 prisoners.
05 AugustAmerican Civil War-Rear Admiral David Farragut successfully led the Union fleet through a mine field to victory in the Battle of Mobile Bay.
05 MayAmerican Civil War-Union Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Overland Campaign in Virginia began with the Battle of the Wilderness in Spotsylvania County.
07 MayThe world's oldest surviving clipper ship, the City of Adelaidewas launched by William Pile, Hay and Co. in Sunderland, England, fortransporting passengers and goods between Britain and Australia.
08 AprilAmerican Civil War-A decisive Confederate victory in theBattle of Mansfield stopped the advance of the Union Army's Red RiverCampaign.
11 JulyAmerican Civil War-Confederate forces under Jubal Early beganan unsuccessful attempt to capture Washington, D.C..
11 MarchA crack in the Dale Dyke Dam in Sheffield, England, caused itto fail, and the resulting flood killed 238 people and damaged over 600homes.
12 JuneUnion General Ulysses S. Grant pulled his troops out of theBattle of Cold Harbor in Hanover County, Virginia, ending one of the bloodiest, most lopsided battles in the American Civil War.
12 MarchAmerican Civil War-The Union Army began the ill-fated RedRiver Campaign, in which not a single objective was fully accomplished.
15 DecemberAmerican Civil War-Union troops defeated the Army of Tennessee, one of the largest Confederate forces, at the Battle of Nashville.
15 NovemberAmerican Civil War-Union Army General William T. Sherman beganhis 'March to the Sea', inflicting significant damage to property andinfrastructure on his way from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.
15 OctoberAmerican Civil War-The Confederates captured Glasgow,Missouri, although it had little long-term benefit as Price's Missouri Expedition was defeated a week later.
15 MayAmerican Civil War-A small Confederate force, which includedcadets from the Virginia Military Institute, forced the Union Army outof the Shenandoah Valley.
18 AugustAmerican Civil War-At the Battle of Globe Tavern, Union forces attempted to sever the Weldon Railroad during the Siege of Petersburg.
19 OctoberAmerican Civil War-Despite incurring nearly twice as many casualties as the Confederates, the Union Army emerged victorious in the Battle of Cedar Creek.
20 February American Civil War-The Union suffered one of its bloodiestlosses at the Battle of Olustee near Lake City, Florida.
21 JuneNew Zealand Wars-British victory in the Battle of Te Rangabrought the Tauranga Campaign to an end.
22 AugustThe Red Cross movement led by Henry Dunant officially beganwhen twelve European nations signed the First Geneva Convention,establishing the International Committee of the Red Cross.
22 JulyAmerican Civil War-Confederate forces unsuccessfully attacked Union troops at the Battle of Atlanta.
25 AprilAmerican Civil War-Confederate troops overwhelmed a smallUnion detachment, leading to Union abandonment of their position inCamden, Arkansas.
29 NovemberAmerican Indian Wars-A 700-man Colorado Territory militia attacked a village of Cheyenne and Arapaho, killing 133 Cheyenne and Arapaho men, women, and children.
29 JuneCanada's worst railway accident took place when a passengertrain fell through an open swing bridge into the Richelieu River nearpresent-day Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec.
30 NovemberAmerican Civil War-The Confederate States Army suffered itsworst disaster of the war as the Army of Tennessee conducted numerous unsuccessful frontal assaults against fortified positions at Franklin,Tennessee.
30 NovemberAmerican Civil War-The Confederate States Army suffered its worst disaster of the war as the Army of Tennessee conducted numerousun successful frontal assaults against fortified positions at Franklin,Tennessee.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1864:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 January Alfred Stieglitz / Photographer / United States of America
04 MayNellie Bly / Author / United States of America
04 January Clara Emilia Smitt / Author / Sweden
07 January Seo Jae-pil / Journalist / United States of America
09 JuneJeanne Bérangère / Actress / France
10 OctoberT. Frank Appleby / Politician / United States of America
11 January Thomas Dixon / Politician / United States of America
15 March Johan Halvorsen / Composer / Norway
17 SeptemberJames Tancred / Admiral / United Kingdom
20 JulyErik Axel Karlfeldt / Poet / Sweden
21 January Paul Troje / Politician / Germany
22 February Jules Renard / Author / France
23 MayWilliam O'Connor / Fencer / United States of America
24 JulyFrank Wedekind / Actor / Germany
24 NovemberHenri de Toulouse-Lautrec / Painter / France
25 JuneWalther Nernst / Chemist / Germany
25 OctoberJohn Francis Dodge / Business Man / United States of America
26 DecemberYun Chi-ho / Activist / Korean
27 DecemberHermann-Paul / Painter / France
30 JuneFrederick Bligh Bond / Archaeologist / United Kingdom

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1864:

YearName / Profession / Country
17 March Joseph Baptista / Lawyer / India
29 JuneAshutosh Mukherjee / Lawyer / India
22 NovemberRukhmabai / Doctor / India

More years: 1804 | 1814 | 1824 | 1834 | 1844 | 1854 | 1864 | 1874 | 1884 | 1894 || 1564 | 1664 | 1764 | 1864 | 1964

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