1865 in History – What happened in year 1865

In history, year 1865 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1865.

Know what happened in 1865:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
06 DecemberSlavery in the United States was officially abolished when theThirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified.
18 November American author Mark Twain's story 'The Celebrated Jumping Frogof Calaveras County', his first great success as a writer, waspublished.
24 DecemberSix Confederate veterans of the American Civil War founded theKu Klux Klan, which would later become a white supremacist group.
21 JulyIn one of the few recorded instances of a 'quick draw' gun duelin the American Old West, Wild Bill Hickok shot and killed Davis Tuttover a poker debt.
30 JulyOff the coast of Crescent City, California, US, the steamshipBrother Jonathan (pictured), carrying a large shipment of gold coinsthat would not be retrieved until 1996, struck an uncharted rock andsank, killing 225 people.
14 AprilActor and Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth fatallyshot U.S. President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington,D.C.
27 AprilAn explosion destroyed the steamboat SS Sultana (drawingpictured) on the Mississippi River, killing an estimated 1,800 of the2,400 passengers.
06 DecemberSlavery in the United States was officially abolished when the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified.
14 JulyA seven-man team made the first ascent of the Matterhorn,marking the end of the golden age of alpinism.
26 AprilU.S. Army soldiers cornered and fatally shot John Wilkes Booth,the assassin of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, in rural northernVirginia, ending a twelve-day manhunt.
27 AprilAn explosion destroyed the steamboat SS Sultana on theMississippi River, killing an estimated 1,800 of the 2,400 passengers.
06 DecemberSlavery in the United States was officially abolished when theThirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution was ratified.
24 DecemberSix Confederate veterans of the American Civil War founded the Ku Klux Klan, which would later become a white supremacist group.
06 NovemberMonths after the Battle of Appomattox Courthouse effectively ended the American Civil War, the CSS Shenandoah became the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe ona cruise on which it sank or captured 38 vessels.
18 NovemberAmerican author Mark Twain's story 'The Celebrated Jumping Frogof Calaveras County', his first great success as a writer, waspublished.
05 JulyRoyal Assent was given to an Act of Parliament allowing theTalyllyn Railway to carry passengers by steam haulage – the firstnarrow gauge railway in Britain to do so from the start.
14 JulyA seven-man team made the first ascent of the Matterhorn,marking the end of the golden age of alpinism.
21 JulyIn one of the few recorded instances of a 'quick draw' gun duelin the American Old West, Wild Bill Hickok shot and killed Davis Tuttover a poker debt.
30 JulyOff the coast of Crescent City, California, US, the steamshipBrother Jonathan, carrying a large shipment of gold coins that would notbe retrieved until 1996, struck an uncharted rock and sank, killing 225people.
10 JuneRichard Wagner's revolutionary Tristan und Isolde received itspremiere in Munich.
01 MayBrazil, Uruguay and Argentina signed a treaty creating analliance against Paraguay in the War of the Triple Alliance.
12 MayIn the last major clash of arms of the American Civil War, the Union Army engaged the Confederates along the banks of the Rio Grandeeast of Brownsville, Texas.
17 MayThe International Telecommunication Union, an internationalorganization that standardizes and regulates international radio andtelecommunications, was founded as the International Telegraph Union inParis.
26 MayAmerican Civil War-General Edmund Kirby Smith negotiated thesurrender of his army, the only significant Confederate Army forceremaining in the war.
01 AprilOrdered to hold five forks, Confederate General George Pickettinstead lost almost 3,000.
14 AprilActor and Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth fatallyshot U.S. President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington,D.C.
26 AprilU.S. Army soldiers cornered and fatally shot John Wilkes Booth,the assassin of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, in rural northernVirginia, ending a twelve-day manhunt.
27 AprilAn explosion destroyed the steamboat Sultana on the MississippiRiver, killing an estimated 1,800 of the 2,400 passengers.
29 MarchAmerican Civil War-The Appomattox Campaign opened with the Battle of Lewis's Farm, in which the Confederate States Army was forcedinto a series of retreats that would culminate in their surrender.
15 JanuaryAmerican Civil War-The Union Army captured Fort Fisher, thelast seaport of the Confederacy.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1865:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
03 January Henry Lytton / Actor / United Kingdom
03 OctoberGustave Loiseau / Painter / France
05 January Julio Garavito Armero / Astronomer / Colombia
08 March Frederic Goudy / Designer / United States of America
09 February Mrs. Patrick Campbell / Actress / United Kingdom
09 AprilCharles Proteus Steinmetz / Engineer / United States of America
15 OctoberCharles W. Clark / Singer / United States of America
15 AugustMikao Usui / Spiritual Leader / Japan
16 March Patsy Donovan / Baseball Player / United States of America
17 AugustJulia Marlowe / Actress / United Kingdom
17 January Sir Charles Fergusson / Politician / United Kingdom
17 AprilUrsula Ledóchowska / Saint / Poland
19 JulyGeorges Friedel / Mineralogist / France
19 JuneMay Whitty / Actress / United Kingdom
21 February John Haden Badley / Author / United Kingdom
22 DecemberCharles Sands / Golfer / United States of America
25 JulyJac. P. Thijsse / Botanist / Netherlands
26 MayRobert W. Chambers / Author / United States of America
28 AprilCharles W. Woodworth / Academic / United States of America
30 DecemberRudyard Kipling / Poet / United Kingdom

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1865:

YearName / Profession / Country
28 JanuaryLala Lajpat Rai / Freedom Fighter / India
31 MarchAnandi Gopal Joshi / Physician / India
31 March Anandi Gopal Joshi / Physician / India
31 MarchAnandibai Gopalrao Joshi / Doctor / India
28 January Lala Lajpat Rai / Politician / India
31 January Shastriji Maharaj / Spiritual Leader / India
13 SeptemberWilliam Birdwood / Field Marshal / India
28 JanuaryLajpat Rai / Politician / India
26 JulyRajanikanta Sen / Poet / India

More years: 1805 | 1815 | 1825 | 1835 | 1845 | 1855 | 1865 | 1875 | 1885 | 1895 || 1565 | 1665 | 1765 | 1865 | 1965

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