1871 in History – What happened in year 1871

In history, year 1871 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1871.

Know what happened in 1871:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
26 DecemberThespis, the first comic opera by Gilbert and Sullivan, madeits debut at the Gaiety Theatre, London, UK.
10 NovemberJournalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley located missingmissionary and explorer David Livingstone (both pictured, left and rightrespectively) in Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika in present-day Tanzania.
08 OctoberFour large fires broke out in the United States, including theGreat Chicago Fire and the Peshtigo Fire in Wisconsin, the latter beingthe deadliest fire in U.S. history.
12 OctoberThe Criminal Tribes Act entered into force in British India,giving law enforcement sweeping powers to arrest, control, and monitorthe movements of the members of 160 specific ethnic or socialcommunities that were defined as 'habitually criminal'.
07 March José Paranhos, Viscount of Rio Branco, became Prime Ministerof the Empire of Brazil, starting a four-year rule, the longest in thestate's history.
21 March Founder of the German Empire Otto von Bismarck was proclaimedas its first Chancellor.
22 March William Woods Holden became the first governor of a U.S. stateto be removed from office due to impeachment.
29 March The Royal Albert Hall in Albertopolis, London, was officiallyopened by Queen Victoria.
18 JanuaryA number of independent German states unified into the GermanEmpire, with Prussian King Wilhelm I being proclaimed as its firstEmperor.
07 MarchJosé Paranhos, Viscount of Rio Branco (pictured), became PrimeMinister of the Empire of Brazil, starting a four-year rule, the longestin the state's history.
10 NovemberJournalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley located missingmissionary and explorer David Livingstone in Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyikain present-day Tanzania.
10 JuneNine days after Korean shore batteries attacked two American warships, an American punitive expedition landed and captured several forts on Ganghwa Island.
18 MarchFrench President Adolphe Thiers ordered the evacuation of Parisafter an uprising broke out as the result of France's defeat in theFranco-Prussian War, leading to the establishment of the Paris Communegovernment.
08 OctoberFour large fires broke out in the United States, including theGreat Chicago Fire and the Peshtigo Fire in Wisconsin, the latter beingthe deadliest fire in U.S. history.
07 MarchJosé Paranhos, Viscount of Rio Branco, became Prime Ministerof the Empire of Brazil, starting a four-year rule, the longest in thestate's history.
18 MarchFrench President Adolphe Thiers ordered the evacuation of Parisafter an uprising broke out as the result of France's defeat in theFranco-Prussian War, leading to the establishment of the Paris Commune government.
21 MarchFounder of the German Empire Otto von Bismarck was proclaimedas its first Chancellor.
22 MarchWilliam Woods Holden became the first governor of a U.S. stateto be removed from office due to impeachment.
29 MarchThe Royal Albert Hall in Albertopolis, London, was officiallyopened by Queen Victoria.
18 MarchFrench President Adolphe Thiers ordered the evacuation of Paris after an uprising broke out as the result of France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War, leading to the establishment of the Paris Commune government.
21 MarchFounder of the German Empire Otto von Bismarck was proclaimed as its first Chancellor.
29 MarchThe Royal Albert Hall in Albertopolis, London, was officially opened by Queen Victoria.
10 JuneNine days after Korean shore batteries attacked two Americanwarships, an American punitive expedition landed and captured severalforts on Ganghwa Island.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1871:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 AugustJohn Lester / Cricketer / United States of America
01 DecemberArchie MacLaren / Cricketer / United Kingdom
03 March Maurice Garin / Cyclist / France
06 MayChristian Morgenstern / Poet / Germany
07 January Émile Borel / Politician / France
08 AprilClarence Hudson White / Photographer / United States of America
11 MayFrank Schlesinger / Author / United States of America
12 AugustGustavs Zemgals / Politician / Latvia
15 JulyDoppo Kunikida / Author / Japan
17 JulyLyonel Feininger / Painter / United States of America
17 January Nicolae Iorga / Politician / Romania
19 MayWalter Russell / Painter / United States of America
19 January Dame Gruev / Educator / Bulgaria
19 JuneAlajos Szokolyi / Jumper / Hungary
24 SeptemberLottie Dod / Tennis Player / United Kingdom
27 March Heinrich Mann / Poet / Germany
27 March Piet Aalberse / Politician / Netherlands
28 March Willem Mengelberg / Conductor / Netherlands
30 OctoberBuck Freeman / Baseball Player / United States of America
30 AugustErnest Rutherford / Chemist / United Kingdom

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1871:

YearName / Profession / Country
07 MayAbanindranath Tagore / Painter / India
31 AugustHassan Imam / Barrister / India
10 NovemberSachchidananda Sinha / Journalist / India

More years: 1801 | 1811 | 1821 | 1831 | 1841 | 1851 | 1861 | 1871 | 1881 | 1891 || 1571 | 1671 | 1771 | 1871 | 1971

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