1891 in History – What happened in year 1891


In history, year 1891 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1891.

Know what happened in 1891:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
15 AugustThe Basilica of San Sebastian in Manila, the only all-steelchurch in Asia, was officially consecrated.
28 SeptemberRailway workers in Montevideo founded the Central UruguayRailway Cricket Club, which later changed its name to Peñarol, nowUruguay's most successful football club.
15 MayPope Leo XIII issued the encyclical Rerum Novarum, thataddressed the condition of the working classes and is considered to bethe foundation of modern Catholic social teaching.
17 March The transatlantic steamship SS Utopia accidentally collidedwith the battleship HMS Anson in the Bay of Gibraltar, sinking in lessthan twenty minutes and killing 562.
01 OctoberStanford University, founded by railroad magnate and CaliforniaGovernor Leland Stanford and his wife Jane on their former farm lands inPalo Alto, California, officially opened with 559 students and freetuition.
18 AugustA hurricane struck Martinique, killing about 700 people,injuring at least 1,000 others, and obliterating houses, trees, andcrops across the entire island.
28 OctoberThe Nobi Earthquake, Japan's largest known inland earthquake,struck the former provinces of Mino and Owari.
29 DecemberPhysical education teacher James Naismith introduced a game inSpringfield, Massachusetts, with thirteen rules and nine players on eachteam that he called 'Basket Ball'.
29 January Queen Lili'uokalani, the last monarch and only woman to reign in the Kingdom of Hawaii.
28 SeptemberRailway workers in Montevideo founded the Central UruguayRailway Cricket Club, which later changed its name to Peñarol, nowUruguay's most successful football club.
05 MayNew York City's Carnegie Hall (interior pictured), built byphilanthropist Andrew Carnegie, officially opened with a concertconducted by Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.
17 MarchThe transatlantic steamship SS Utopia accidentally collided with the battleship HMS Anson in the Bay of Gibraltar, sinking in less than twenty minutes and killing 562.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1891:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 AugustKarl Kobelt / Politician / Switzerland
02 JuneThurman Arnold / Lawyer / United States of America
02 AprilMax Ernst / Painter / Germany
02 AugustArthur Bliss / Composer / United Kingdom
03 March Damaskinos of Athens / Bishop / Greece
08 AugustAdolf Busch / Violinist / Germany
08 January Walther Bothe / Academic / Germany
09 DecemberMaksim Bahdanovič / Poet / Belarus
09 January August Gailit / Author / Estonia
10 January Heinrich Behmann / Academic / Germany
10 DecemberNelly Sachs / Poet / Sweden
10 NovemberCarl Stalling / Composer / United States of America
11 AugustStancho Belkovski / Architect / Bulgaria
12 SeptemberArthur Hays Sulzberger / Publisher / United States of America
14 SeptemberIvan Matveyevich Vinogradov / Academic / Russia
20 January Mischa Elman / Violinist / Ukraine
20 JuneJohn A. Costello / Politician / Ireland
22 February Vlas Chubar / Politician / Russia
29 March Alfred Neubauer / Race Car Driver / Austria
29 January R. Norris Williams / Tennis Player / United States of America

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1891:

YearName / Profession / Country
04 February M. A. Ayyangar / Politician / India
26 AugustAcharya Chatursen Shastri / Writer / India
26 AugustAcharya Chatursen Shastri / Author / India
14 AprilBhim Rao Ambedkar / Freedom Fighter / India
NA NAPrafulla Chandra Ghosh / Politician / India
01 January Sampurnanand / Politician / India
06 JuneMasti Venkatesha Iyengar / Author / India
01 JanuarySampurnanand / Politician / India
21 AprilSir James Braid Taylor / Civil Servant / India
22 AprilRadhabai Subariyan / Politician / India
02 AprilTristão de Bragança Cunha / Activist / India
29 AprilBharathidasan / Poet / India
14 AprilB. R. Ambedkar / Economist / India
04 FebruaryMadabhushi Ananthasayanam Ayyang / Politician / India
15 AugustBijan Kumar Mukherjea / Lawyer / India

More years: 1801 | 1811 | 1821 | 1831 | 1841 | 1851 | 1861 | 1871 | 1881 | 1891 || 1591 | 1691 | 1791 | 1891 | 1991

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