1891 in History – What happened in year 1891

In history, year 1891 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1891.

Know what happened in 1891:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
15 AugustThe Basilica of San Sebastian in Manila, the only all-steelchurch in Asia, was officially consecrated.
28 SeptemberRailway workers in Montevideo founded the Central UruguayRailway Cricket Club, which later changed its name to Peñarol, nowUruguay's most successful football club.
15 MayPope Leo XIII issued the encyclical Rerum Novarum, thataddressed the condition of the working classes and is considered to bethe foundation of modern Catholic social teaching.
17 March The transatlantic steamship SS Utopia accidentally collidedwith the battleship HMS Anson in the Bay of Gibraltar, sinking in lessthan twenty minutes and killing 562.
01 OctoberStanford University, founded by railroad magnate and CaliforniaGovernor Leland Stanford and his wife Jane on their former farm lands inPalo Alto, California, officially opened with 559 students and freetuition.
18 AugustA hurricane struck Martinique, killing about 700 people,injuring at least 1,000 others, and obliterating houses, trees, andcrops across the entire island.
28 OctoberThe Nobi Earthquake, Japan's largest known inland earthquake,struck the former provinces of Mino and Owari.
29 DecemberPhysical education teacher James Naismith introduced a game inSpringfield, Massachusetts, with thirteen rules and nine players on eachteam that he called 'Basket Ball'.
29 January Queen Lili'uokalani, the last monarch and only woman to reign in the Kingdom of Hawaii.
28 SeptemberRailway workers in Montevideo founded the Central UruguayRailway Cricket Club, which later changed its name to Peñarol, nowUruguay's most successful football club.
05 MayNew York City's Carnegie Hall (interior pictured), built byphilanthropist Andrew Carnegie, officially opened with a concertconducted by Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.
17 MarchThe transatlantic steamship SS Utopia accidentally collided with the battleship HMS Anson in the Bay of Gibraltar, sinking in less than twenty minutes and killing 562.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1891:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 AugustArthur Bliss / Composer / United Kingdom
02 AprilMax Ernst / Painter / Germany
08 JuneWilliam Funnell / Public Servant / Australia
10 January Heinrich Behmann / Academic / Germany
11 AugustEdgar Zilsel / Philosopher / Austria
12 AugustC. E. M. Joad / Philosopher / United Kingdom
12 OctoberFumimaro Konoe / Politician / Japan
13 AprilMaurice Buckley / Sergeant / Australia
13 OctoberIrene Rich / Actress / United States of America
22 AugustJacques Lipchitz / Sculptor / Italy
22 AprilHarold Jeffreys / Physicist / United Kingdom
25 DecemberClarrie Grimmett / Cricketer / Australia
25 OctoberCharles Coughlin / Priest / Canada
26 DecemberHenry Miller / Author / United States of America
26 SeptemberHans Reichenbach / Philosopher / Germany
26 January Wilder Penfield / Surgeon / United States of America
27 March Lajos Zilahy / Novelist / Hungary
28 AugustBenno Schotz / Engineer / Scotland
29 AugustMarquis James / Author / United States of America
30 JuneStanley Spencer / Painter / United Kingdom

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1891:

YearName / Profession / Country
02 AprilTristão de Bragança Cunha / Activist / India
NA NAPrafulla Chandra Ghosh / Politician / India
15 AugustBijan Kumar Mukherjea / Lawyer / India
04 FebruaryMadabhushi Ananthasayanam Ayyang / Politician / India
29 AprilBharathidasan / Poet / India
01 January Sampurnanand / Politician / India
22 AprilRadhabai Subariyan / Politician / India
14 AprilBhim Rao Ambedkar / Freedom Fighter / India
06 JuneMasti Venkatesha Iyengar / Author / India
21 AprilSir James Braid Taylor / Civil Servant / India
26 AugustAcharya Chatursen Shastri / Author / India
04 February M. A. Ayyangar / Politician / India
26 AugustAcharya Chatursen Shastri / Writer / India
14 AprilB. R. Ambedkar / Economist / India
01 JanuarySampurnanand / Politician / India

More years: 1801 | 1811 | 1821 | 1831 | 1841 | 1851 | 1861 | 1871 | 1881 | 1891 || 1591 | 1691 | 1791 | 1891 | 1991

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