1914 in History – What happened in year 1914

In history, year 1914 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1914.

Know what happened in 1914:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
09 November First World War-In the Cocos Islands, the Australian lightcruiser HMAS Sydney sank SMS Emden, the last active Central Powerswarship in the Indian or Pacific Ocean.
17 MayAlbania officially recognized the area of Northern Epirus as anautonomous region within the Albanian state, which was never establisheddue to World War I.
23 July Austria-Hungary presented Serbia with an ultimatum to allowthem to investigate the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, thatSerbia would ultimately reject, leading to World War I.
24 DecemberBritish and German soldiers interrupted the First World War tocelebrate Christmas, beginning the Christmas truce.
29 MayThe ocean liner RMS Empress of Ireland sank in the SaintLawrence River after colliding with the Storstad, killing 1,012 onboard.
17 SeptemberAndrew Fisher became Prime Minister of Australia for the thirdtime, beginning a period of reform unmatched in the Commonwealth untilthe 1940s.
25 MayThe British parliament passed the Third Home Rule Act,establishing a devolved government in Ireland.
07 FebruaryThe film Kid Auto Races at Venice, featuring the firstappearance of comedy actor Charlie Chaplin's character 'The Tramp'(pictured), was released.
01 SeptemberThe passenger pigeon, which once had a population of at least3 billion birds, became extinct, when the last individual died incaptivity.
05 SeptemberWorld War I-The First Battle of the Marne began with French forces engaging the advancing German army at the Marne River near Paris.
07 MarchPrussian William of Wied began his short reign as sovereignprince of the newly independent state of Albania.
08 NovemberFirst World War-In the Cocos Islands, the Australian lightcruiser HMAS Sydney sank SMS Emden, the last active Central Powerswarship in the Indian Ocean.
09 AugustWorld War I-France launched its first attack of the war in anultimately unsuccessful attempt to recover the province of Alsace from Germany.
11 SeptemberDuring the First World War, the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force invaded German New Guinea, winning the Battle of Bita Paka.
11 JulyUSS Nevada, the United States Navy's first 'super-dreadnought', was launched.
13 NovemberZaian War-Zaian Berber tribesmen routed French forces in Morocco at the Battle of El Herri.
15 AugustThe Panama Canal (construction pictured) opened to traffic,providing a shortcut from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean through theIsthmus of Panama.
17 SeptemberAndrew Fisher, whose previous term as Prime Minister ofAustralia oversaw a period of reform unmatched in the Commonwealth untilthe 1940s, became Prime Minister for the third time.
17 MayAlbania officially recognized the area of Northern Epirus as anautonomous region with in the Albanian state, which was never established due to World War I.
19 OctoberFirst World War-Allied forces engaged German troops in the First Battle of Ypres.
21 AprilMexican Revolution-The United States detained a German steamercarrying materiel for the Mexican federal government.
22 SeptemberWorld War I-German naval forces bombarded Papeete in French Polynesia.
23 AugustIn their first major action of the First World War, the British Expeditionary Force defeated German troops in Mons, Belgium.
23 JulyAustria-Hungary presented Serbia with an ultimatum to allow them to investigate the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, that Serbia would ultimately reject, leading to World War I.
24 AprilThe Franck–Hertz experiment, a pillar in the development ofquantum mechanics, was presented to the German Physical Society.
25 MayThe British parliament passed the Third Home Rule Act,establishing a devolved government in Ireland.
27 JulyFelix Manalo established the modern-day Iglesia ni Cristoreligion, an independent, nontrinitarian Christian church, in thePhilippines (Iglesia ni Cristo Central Temple pictured).
28 AugustIn the first naval battle of the First World War, British ships defeated the German fleet in the Heligoland Bight area of the North Sea.
28 JulyAustria-Hungary declared war after rejecting Serbia'sconditional acceptance of only part of the July Ultimatum following the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, starting World War I.
28 JuneArchduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie,Duchess of Hohenberg, were assassinated (Ferdinand's blood-staineduniform pictured) by Yugoslav nationalist Gavrilo Princip during amotorcade in Sarajevo, sparking the outbreak of World War I.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1914:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 SeptemberJohn H. Adams / Jockey / United States of America
03 March Asger Jorn / Painter / Denmark
04 February Alfred Andersch / Author / Switzerland
05 SeptemberGail Kubik / Violinist / United States of America
05 January George Reeves / Actor / United States of America
07 AprilRalph Flanagan / Composer / United States of America
09 DecemberLjubica Sokić / Painter / Serbia
10 SeptemberTerence O'Neill / Politician / Ireland
12 February Tex Beneke / Singer / United States of America
13 DecemberAlan Bullock / Author / United Kingdom
15 SeptemberAdolfo Bioy Casares / Author / Argentina
15 MayNorrie Paramor / Producer / United Kingdom
17 January Paul Royle / Pilot / Australia
17 AugustBill Downs / Journalist / United States of America
18 MayBoris Christoff / Singer / Italy
19 MayJohn Vachon / Journalist / United States of America
21 February Ilmari Juutilainen / Soldier / Finland
25 DecemberJames Fletcher Jnr / Business Man / New Zealand
27 OctoberAhmet Kireççi / Wrestler / Turkey
29 DecemberBilly Tipton / Pianist / United States of America

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1914:

YearName / Profession / Country
03 AprilSam Manekshaw / Field Marshal / India
03 AprilSam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw / Indian Army / India
17 DecemberMushtaq Ali / Cricketer / India
25 SeptemberDevi Lal / Politician / India
01 JanuarySarat Chandra Sinha / Politician / India
26 DecemberBaba Amte / Social Worker / India
03 AprilSam Manekshaw / Army Chief / India
24 OctoberLakshmi Sahgal / Revolutionist / India
01 FebruaryAk Hangal / Actor / India
NA NovemberVizol Angami / Politician / India
15 NovemberV. R. Krishna Iyer / Lawyer / India
03 AprilSam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Ma / Soldier / India
18 MarchMaharaj Sri Nagendra Singh  / Lawyer / India
22 AprilBaldev Raj Chopra / Producer / India
08 JulyJyoti Basu / Politician / India
18 MaySarukkai Jagannathan / NA / India
18 MarchDr. Nagendra Singh / Lawyer / India
29 MayTenzing Norgay / Mountaineer / India
24 OctoberLakshmi Sahgal / Army Officer / India
08 JulyJyoti Basu / Politician / India

More years: 1904 | 1914 | 1924 | 1934 | 1944 | 1954 | 1964 | 1974 | 1984 | 1994 || 1514 | 1614 | 1714 | 1814 | 1914

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