1914 in History – What happened in year 1914


In history, year 1914 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1914.

Know what happened in 1914:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
09 November First World War-In the Cocos Islands, the Australian lightcruiser HMAS Sydney sank SMS Emden, the last active Central Powerswarship in the Indian or Pacific Ocean.
17 MayAlbania officially recognized the area of Northern Epirus as anautonomous region within the Albanian state, which was never establisheddue to World War I.
23 July Austria-Hungary presented Serbia with an ultimatum to allowthem to investigate the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, thatSerbia would ultimately reject, leading to World War I.
24 DecemberBritish and German soldiers interrupted the First World War tocelebrate Christmas, beginning the Christmas truce.
29 MayThe ocean liner RMS Empress of Ireland sank in the SaintLawrence River after colliding with the Storstad, killing 1,012 onboard.
17 SeptemberAndrew Fisher became Prime Minister of Australia for the thirdtime, beginning a period of reform unmatched in the Commonwealth untilthe 1940s.
25 MayThe British parliament passed the Third Home Rule Act,establishing a devolved government in Ireland.
07 FebruaryThe film Kid Auto Races at Venice, featuring the firstappearance of comedy actor Charlie Chaplin's character 'The Tramp'(pictured), was released.
01 SeptemberThe passenger pigeon, which once had a population of at least3 billion birds, became extinct, when the last individual died incaptivity.
05 SeptemberWorld War I-The First Battle of the Marne began with French forces engaging the advancing German army at the Marne River near Paris.
07 MarchPrussian William of Wied began his short reign as sovereignprince of the newly independent state of Albania.
08 NovemberFirst World War-In the Cocos Islands, the Australian lightcruiser HMAS Sydney sank SMS Emden, the last active Central Powerswarship in the Indian Ocean.
09 AugustWorld War I-France launched its first attack of the war in anultimately unsuccessful attempt to recover the province of Alsace from Germany.
11 SeptemberDuring the First World War, the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force invaded German New Guinea, winning the Battle of Bita Paka.
11 JulyUSS Nevada, the United States Navy's first 'super-dreadnought', was launched.
13 NovemberZaian War-Zaian Berber tribesmen routed French forces in Morocco at the Battle of El Herri.
15 AugustThe Panama Canal (construction pictured) opened to traffic,providing a shortcut from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean through theIsthmus of Panama.
17 SeptemberAndrew Fisher, whose previous term as Prime Minister ofAustralia oversaw a period of reform unmatched in the Commonwealth untilthe 1940s, became Prime Minister for the third time.
17 MayAlbania officially recognized the area of Northern Epirus as anautonomous region with in the Albanian state, which was never established due to World War I.
19 OctoberFirst World War-Allied forces engaged German troops in the First Battle of Ypres.
21 AprilMexican Revolution-The United States detained a German steamercarrying materiel for the Mexican federal government.
22 SeptemberWorld War I-German naval forces bombarded Papeete in French Polynesia.
23 AugustIn their first major action of the First World War, the British Expeditionary Force defeated German troops in Mons, Belgium.
23 JulyAustria-Hungary presented Serbia with an ultimatum to allow them to investigate the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, that Serbia would ultimately reject, leading to World War I.
24 AprilThe Franck–Hertz experiment, a pillar in the development ofquantum mechanics, was presented to the German Physical Society.
25 MayThe British parliament passed the Third Home Rule Act,establishing a devolved government in Ireland.
27 JulyFelix Manalo established the modern-day Iglesia ni Cristoreligion, an independent, nontrinitarian Christian church, in thePhilippines (Iglesia ni Cristo Central Temple pictured).
28 AugustIn the first naval battle of the First World War, British ships defeated the German fleet in the Heligoland Bight area of the North Sea.
28 JulyAustria-Hungary declared war after rejecting Serbia'sconditional acceptance of only part of the July Ultimatum following the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, starting World War I.
28 JuneArchduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie,Duchess of Hohenberg, were assassinated (Ferdinand's blood-staineduniform pictured) by Yugoslav nationalist Gavrilo Princip during amotorcade in Sarajevo, sparking the outbreak of World War I.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1914:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 JulyFrederick Fennell / Educator / United States of America
02 January Kenny Clarke / Drummer / United States of America
03 DecemberIrving Fine / Academic / United States of America
05 January George Reeves / Actor / United States of America
06 AugustGordon Freeth / Politician / Australia
07 SeptemberGraeme Bell / Pianist / Australia
07 SeptemberLída Baarová / Actress / Czech Republic
10 SeptemberRobert Wise / Producer / United States of America
15 JuneSaul Steinberg / Cartoonist / United States of America
16 NovemberEddie Chapman / Spy / United Kingdom
18 OctoberRaymond Lambert / Mountaineer / Switzerland
19 JulyMarius Russo / Baseball Player / United States of America
21 February Zachary Scott / Actor / United States of America
22 AprilJosé Quiñones Gonzales / Soldier / Peru
22 March John Stanley / Author / United States of America
25 DecemberJames Fletcher Jnr / Business Man / New Zealand
25 January William Strickland / Conductor / United States of America
25 February John Arlott / Author / United Kingdom
27 JuneGiorgio Almirante / Journalist / Italy
27 March Budd Schulberg / Author / United States of America

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1914:

YearName / Profession / Country
01 FebruaryA.K. Hangal / Actor / India
22 FebruaryDev Kant Barooah / Politician / India
03 AprilSam Manekshaw / Army Chief / India
26 DecemberBaba Amte / Social Worker / India
NA NovemberVizol Angami / Politician / India
01 JanuarySarat Chandra Sinha / Politician / India
03 AprilSam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Ma / Soldier / India
NA NASarla Thakral / Pilot / India
24 OctoberLakshmi Sahgal / Army Officer / India
22 AprilBaldev Raj Chopra / Producer / India
29 MayTenzing Norgay / Mountaineer / India
18 MarchDr. Nagendra Singh / Politician / India
15 NovemberV. R. Krishna Iyer / Lawyer / India
24 OctoberLakshmi Sahgal / Revolutionist / India
08 JulyJyoti Basu / Politician / India
03 AprilSam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw / Indian Army / India
18 MaySarukkai Jagannathan / NA / India
18 MarchDr. Nagendra Singh / Lawyer / India
25 SeptemberDevi Lal / Politician / India
24 OctoberLakshmi Sahgal / Freedom Fighter / India

More years: 1904 | 1914 | 1924 | 1934 | 1944 | 1954 | 1964 | 1974 | 1984 | 1994 || 1514 | 1614 | 1714 | 1814 | 1914

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