1920 in History – What happened in year 1920

In history, year 1920 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1920.

Know what happened in 1920:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
02 FebruaryThe signing of the Treaty of Tartu ended the Estonian War of Independence, with Russia agreeing to recognize the independence of Estonia and renounce in perpetuity all rights to that territory.
02 January Under the leadership of U.S. Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer , Department of Justice agents launched a series of raids against radical leftists and anarchists across 30 cities in 23 states.
03 MayRelying on the 11th Soviet Red Army operating in neighboringAzerbaijan, Bolsheviks attempted to stage a coup d'etat in Georgia.
04 JuneThe Kingdom of Hungary was split into five countries with thesigning of the Treaty of Trianon in Paris.
07 MayPolish–Soviet War-During the Kiev Offensive, Polish troops, with the help of a symbolic Ukrainian force, captured Kiev, only to be driven out by the Soviet Red Army counter-offensive a month later.
08 January The steel strike of 1919, an attempt to organize the United States steel industry in the wake of World War I, collapsed in complete failure for the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers.
11 DecemberIrish War of Independence-Following an Irish Republican Armyambush of a British Auxiliary patrol in Cork, British forces burned andlooted numerous buildings in the city.
12 July The Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty was signed, with SovietRussia agreeing to recognize an independent Lithuania.
15 JuneThree African American circus workers were lynched by a mob inDuluth, Minnesota, a crime that shocked the country for having takenplace in the Northern United States.
18 AugustThe Nineteenth Amendment (authors Elizabeth Cady Stanton andSusan B. Anthony pictured) to the United States Constitution wasratified, guaranteeing women's suffrage in America.
22 March A pogrom in Shusha, Nagorno-Karabagh, by Azeris destroyed the Armenian-populated portions of the town.
28 November Thirty-six local Irish Republican Army volunteers killedseventeen members of the Auxiliary Division of the Royal IrishConstabulary, marking a turning point in the Irish War of Independence.
16 NovemberQantas, Australia's national airline, was founded as Queenslandand Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited.
25 OctoberIrish playwright and politician Terence MacSwiney died after 74days on hunger strike in Brixton Prison, bringing the Irish struggle forindependence to international attention.
04 JuneThe Kingdom of Hungary lost 72% of its territory and 64% of itspopulation with the signing of the Treaty of Trianon in Paris.
13 March The Kapp Putsch briefly ousted the Weimar Republic governmentfrom Berlin.
02 FebruaryThe signing of the Treaty of Tartu ended the Estonian War ofIndependence, with Russia agreeing to recognize the independence ofEstonia and renounce in perpetuity all rights to that territory.
09 February The Svalbard Treaty was signed, recognizing Norwegiansovereignty over the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard, but all signatorieswere also given equal rights to engage in commercial activities on theislands.
16 SeptemberA bomb in a horse wagon exploded (aftermath pictured) in frontof the J. P. Morgan building in New York City, killing 38 people andinjuring 400 others.
16 January The League of Nations, the first intergovernmental organisationwhose principal mission was to maintain world peace, held its firstcouncil meeting in Paris.
22 DecemberThe 8th Congress of Soviets approved the GOELRO plan, the firstSoviet plan for national economic recovery and development.
24 February At a meeting of the German Workers' Party, Adolf Hitleroutlined the party's 25-point programme and the party changed its nameto the Nazi Party.
25 AugustPolish forces under Józef Pilsudski successfully forced the Russians to withdraw from Warsaw at the Battle of Warsaw, the decisive battle of the Polish–Soviet War.
28 MarchAn outbreak of 37 tornadoes across the Midwestern and SouthernUnited States left more than 380 people dead.
11 DecemberIrish War of Independence-Following an Irish Republican Army ambush of a British Auxiliary patrol in Cork, British forces burned andlooted numerous buildings in the city.
21 NovemberIrish War of Independence-On Bloody Sunday in Dublin, the Irish Republican Army killed more than a dozen members of the 'CairoGang', and the Royal Irish Constabulary opened fire during a Gaelicfootball match in Croke Park.
18 AugustThe Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution(authors Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony pictured) wasratified, guaranteeing women's suffrage in America.
25 AugustPolish forces under Józef Pilsudski successfully forced the Russians to withdraw from Warsaw at the Battle of Warsaw, the decisivebattle of the Polish–Soviet War.
04 JuneThe Kingdom of Hungary lost 72% of its territory and 64% of its population with the signing of the Treaty of Trianon in Paris.
13 MarchThe Kapp Putsch briefly ousted the Weimar Republic governmentfrom Berlin.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1920:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 NovemberBill Mazer / Journalist / United States of America
02 AprilJack Stokes / Director / United Kingdom
02 February George Hardwick / Footballer / United Kingdom
07 January Vincent Gardenia / Actor / United States of America
08 MaySaul Bass / Director / United States of America
08 January Richard Benedict / Actor / United States of America
09 DecemberBruno Ruffo / Racing Car Driver / Italy
11 MayDenver Pyle / Actor / United States of America
15 DecemberGamal al-Banna / Author / Egypt
16 SeptemberSheila Quinn / Educator / United Kingdom
18 MayPope John Paul Ii / Pope / Poland
20 JuneGeoffrey Baker / Field Marshal / United Kingdom
23 March Neal Edward Smith / Politician / United States of America
24 March Mary Stolz / Author / United States of America
26 January Hans Holzer / Author / United States of America
26 AugustPrem Tinsulanonda / Politician / Thailand
28 DecemberSteve Van Buren / Footballer / United States of America
29 MayJohn Harsanyi / Academic / United States of America
29 March Clarke Fraser / Academic / United States of America
31 OctoberHelmut Newton / Photographer / Australia

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1920:

YearName / Profession / Country
11 JulyV. R. Nedunchezhiyan / Politician / India
12 JanuaryPran Krishan Sikand / Actor / India
19 OctoberPandurang Shastri Athavale / Philosopher / India
20 OctoberSiddhartha Shankar Ray / Politician / India
NA NAMohammed Alimuddin / Politician / India
16 JuneHemant Kumar / Singer / India
25 OctoberRishang Keishing / Politician / India
25 SeptemberSatish Dhawan / Engineer / India
07 AprilRavi Shankar / Instrumentalist / India
22 FebruaryIftekhar / Actor / India
16 AugustKotla Vijay Bhaskar Reddy / Politician / India
14 JuneBharat Bhushan / Actor / India
08 NovemberSitara Devi / Actress / India
19 OctoberPandurang Shastri Athavale / Activist / India
17 NovemberGemini Ganesan / Actor / India
20 JulyGhulam Mohammad Shah / Politician / India
03 MayAchala Sachdev / Actress / India
01 MayVasantrao Deshpande / Singer / India
12 SeptemberKedar Pandey / Politician / India
27 OctoberK. R. Narayanan / Politician / India

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