1937 in History – What happened in year 1937

In history, year 1937 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1937.

Know what happened in 1937:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
02 July Aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonandisappeared over the Pacific Ocean during an attempt to make acircumnavigational flight.
02 OctoberUnder the orders of President Rafael Trujillo, Dominican troopsbegan mass killings of approximately 20,000 Haitians living in theDominican Republic.
03 JuneNearly six months after Edward, Duke of Windsor, abdicated theBritish throne, he married American socialite Wallis Simpson in aprivate ceremony near Tours, France.
13 DecemberSecond Sino-Japanese War-Japanese forces captured Nanjing inChina and then began to commit numerous atrocities over the next severalweeks.
15 January Spanish Civil War
22 JuneCamille Chautemps became Prime Minister of France for the thirdtime, in the second Popular Front ministry.
29 DecemberThe Constitution of Ireland, the founding legal document of thestate known today as the Republic of Ireland, came into force.
22 DecemberThe Lincoln Tunnel, connecting New York City to Weehawken, NewJersey, opened.
10 SeptemberLed by the United Kingdom and France, nine nations met in theNyon Conference to address international piracy in the MediterraneanSea.
29 AugustToyota Motors, now Japan's largest automobile manufacturer, wasspun off from Toyota Industries as an independent company.
05 JulyThe Hormel Foods Corporation introduced Spam, the cannedprecooked meat product that would eventually enter into pop culture,folklore, and urban legend.
24 JuneThe United States' first two 'fast battleships', the NorthCarolina class, were ordered from the New York and Philadelphia NavalShipyards.
06 MayThe German zeppelin Hindenburg caught fire and was destroyedwhile trying to land at Lakehurst Naval Air Station in New Jersey,killing over 30 people on board.
14 March Pope Pius XI issued the encyclical Mit brennender Sorge,condemning antisemitism, criticizing Nazism, listing breaches of anagreement signed with the Roman Catholic Church.
21 March A police squad, acting under orders from Governor of PuertoRico Blanton Winship, opened fire on demonstrators protesting the arrestof Puerto Rican Nationalist leader Pedro Albizu Campos, killing 17people and injuring over 200 others.
19 FebruaryAn attempt to assassinate Italian Viceroy Rodolfo Graziani inAddis Ababa failed, triggering a brutal crackdown of Ethiopians over thefollowing three days.
05 JulyThe Hormel Foods Corporation introduced Spam, the cannedprecooked meat product that would eventually enter into pop culture,folklore, and urban legend.
10 SeptemberLed by the United Kingdom and France, nine nations met in the Nyon Conference to address international piracy in the MediterraneanSea.
13 DecemberSecond Sino-Japanese War-Japanese forces captured Nanjing in China and then began to commit numerous atrocities over the next severalweeks.
15 January Spanish Civil War-Nationalists and Republican forces bothwithdrew after suffering heavy losses, ending the Second Battle of theCorunna Road.
22 JuneCamille Chautemps became Prime Minister of France for the thirdtime, in the second Popular Front ministry.
26 AprilSpanish Civil War-The Bombing of Guernica by the Condor Legionof the German Luftwaffe resulted in a devastating firestorm that causedwidespread destruction and civilian deaths and inspired one of PabloPicasso's most famous paintings.
28 AugustToyota Motors, now the world's largest automobile manufacturer,was spun off from Toyota Industries as an independent company.
28 MayThe rise of Neville Chamberlain culminated when he was summoned to Buckingham Palace to 'kiss hands' and accept the office of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
29 DecemberThe Constitution of Ireland, the founding legal document of thestate known today as the Republic of Ireland, came into force.
29 DecemberThe Constitution of Ireland, the founding legal document of thestate known today as the Republic of Ireland, came into force.
02 October Under the orders of President Rafael Trujillo, Dominican troopsbegan mass killings of approximately 20,000 Haitians living in theDominican Republic.
21 SeptemberJ. R. R. Tolkien's fantasy children's novel The Hobbit, whichlater served as a predecessor to The Lord of the Rings, was firstpublished.
02 JulyAviation pioneer Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonandisappeared over the Pacific Ocean during an attempt to make acircumnavigational flight.
06 MayThe German zeppelin Hindenburg caught fire and was destroyedduring an attempt to dock at Lakehurst Naval Air Station in New Jersey,killing 36 people.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1937:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
03 MayWim Verstappen / Producer / Netherlands
04 JulyRichard Rhodes / Journalist / United States of America
04 JuneMortimer Zuckerman / Business Man / United States of America
04 March Yuri Senkevich / Physician / Russia
04 SeptemberVirgil A. Richard / General / United States of America
05 March Olusegun Obasanjo / Politician / Nigeria
07 February Juan Pizarro / Baseball Player / Puerto Rico
08 February Harry Wu / Activist / China
09 January Michael Nicholson / Author / United Kingdom
09 AprilSimon Brown / Judge / United Kingdom
10 JulyGun Svensson / Politician / Sweden
11 OctoberRon Leibman / Actor / United States of America
12 SeptemberGeorge Chuvalo / Boxer / Canada
12 AugustWalter Dean Myers / Poet / United States of America
14 March Peter van der Merwe / Cricketer / South Africa
16 DecemberJoyce Bulifant / Actress / United States of America
17 OctoberPaxton Whitehead / Actor / United Kingdom
18 AugustSheila Cassidy / Author / United Kingdom
24 JuneAnita Desai / Author / United States of America
26 NovemberBob Babbitt / Bass Player / United States of America

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1937:

YearName / Profession / Country
14 January Rao Gopal Rao / Actor / India
06 SeptemberShankar Roychowdhury / Soldier / India
23 OctoberDeven Verma / Actor / India
NA NASulabha Deshpande / Actress / India
03 DecemberBinod Bihari Verma / Author / India
08 AprilR. Gundu Rao / Politician / India
19 DecemberGopal Ballav Pattanaik / Lawyer / India
05 MayHoshiyar Singh / Soldier / India
17 SeptemberSitakant Mahapatra / Poet / India
04 NovemberKalamandalam Satyabhama / Dancer / India
28 DecemberRatan Tata / Business Man / India
15 JuneAnna Hazare / Social Worker / India
04 JanuaryMohammad Hamid Ansari / Politician / India
21 OctoberFarooq Abdullah / Politician / India
02 DecemberManohar Joshi / Politician / India
11 DecemberKadar Khan / Actor / India
24 JulyManoj Kumar / Actor / India
10 JanuaryMurli Deora / Politician / India
15 JulyPrabhash Joshi / Journalist / India
02 DecemberManohar Joshi / Politician / India

More years: 1907 | 1917 | 1927 | 1937 | 1947 | 1957 | 1967 | 1977 | 1987 | 1997 || 1537 | 1637 | 1737 | 1837 | 1937

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