1939 in History – What happened in year 1939


In history, year 1939 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1939.

Know what happened in 1939:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
04 JuneThe German ocean liner St. Louis, carrying 937 Jewish refugeesseeking political asylum from Nazi persecution, was denied permission toland in the United States, after already having been turned away fromCuba.
06 November As part of their plan to eradicate the Polish intellectualelite, the Gestapo arrested 184 professors, students and employees ofJagiellonian University in Kraków.
09 AprilAfter being denied permission to perform at Constitution Hall by the Daughters of the American Revolution, African American singer Marian Anderson gave an open-air concert on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.
12 DecemberThe Royal Navy destroyer HMS Duchess was rammed by thebattleship HMS Barham she was escorting and sank with heavy loss oflife.
18 DecemberSecond World War-The German Luftwaffe victory over the RoyalAir Force in the Battle of the Heligoland Bight greatly influenced bothsides' future air strategy.
18 September The Nazi propaganda radio programme Germany Calling, with ahost nicknamed 'Lord Haw-Haw', began broadcasting to audiences in theUnited Kingdom and the United States.
19 JuneFormer American baseball player Lou Gehrig was diagnosed withamyotrophic lateral sclerosis, now commonly known in the United Statesas 'Lou Gehrig's Disease'.
25 AugustThe United Kingdom and Poland entered into a military alliancefor mutual assistance in case of military invasion by 'a EuropeanPower'.
26 March Spanish Civil War-Nationalists began their final offensive of the war, at the end of which they controlled almost the entire country.
31 AugustNazi forces, posing as Poles, staged an attack against theGerman radio station Sender Gleiwitz in Gleiwitz, Upper Silesia,Germany, creating an excuse to invade Poland the next day.
15 DecemberThe American historical epic film Gone With the Wind (posterpictured), adapted from Margaret Mitchell's Pulitzer-winning novel ofthe same name, made its premiere in Atlanta, Georgia.
30 NovemberThe Winter War broke out as the Soviet Red Army invaded Finland(Finnish troops pictured) and quickly advanced to the Mannerheim Line,an action judged as illegal by the League of Nations.
17 SeptemberWorld War II-The Soviet Union invaded Poland from the east,sixteen days after Nazi Germany's attack on that country from the west.
30 SeptemberWorld War II-General Wladyslaw Sikorski became PrimeMinister of the Polish government-in-exile.
20 AprilBillie Holiday recorded her version of 'Strange Fruit', whichgained fame as an emblem of the Civil Rights Movement.
02 March Italian Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli was elected as Pope and tookthe name Pius XII.
10 FebruarySpanish Civil War-The Nationalists concluded their conquest ofCatalonia and sealed the border with France.
02 AugustPhysicist Leó Szilárd wrote a letter to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, signed by Albert Einstein, warning that Germany might develop atomic bombs, which led to the establishment of the Manhattan Project.
02 MarchItalian Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli was elected as Pope and tookthe name Pius XII (pictured).
03 MaySubhas Chandra Bose formed the All India Forward Bloc of the Indian National Congress in opposition to Gandhi's tactics of non-violence.
05 DecemberThe remains of Pedro II of Brazil, who was ousted and exiledin a republican coup, were buried after being repatriated.
06 NovemberAs part of their plan to eradicate the Polish intellectualelite, the Gestapo arrested 184 professors, students and employees ofJagiellonian University in Kraków.
09 AprilAfter being denied permission to perform at Constitution Hallby the Daughters of the American Revolution, African American singerMarian Anderson gave an open-air concert on the steps of the LincolnMemorial in Washington, D.C.
12 DecemberThe Royal Navy destroyer HMS Duchess collided with thebattleship HMS Barham she was escorting and sank with heavy loss oflife.
14 OctoberSecond World War-The German submarine U-47 torpedoed and sankthe British Royal Navy battleship HMS Royal Oak while the latter wasanchored at Scapa Flow in Orkney, Scotland.
15 DecemberThe American historical epic film Gone With the Wind (posterpictured), adapted from Margaret Mitchell's Pulitzer-winning novel ofthe same name, made its premiere in Atlanta, Georgia.
17 SeptemberWorld War II-The Soviet Union invaded Poland from the east, sixteen days after Nazi Germany's attack on that country from the west.
18 DecemberSecond World War-The German Luftwaffe victory over the Royal Air Force in the Battle of the Heligoland Bight greatly influenced bothsides' future air strategy.
18 SeptemberThe Nazi propaganda radio programme Germany Calling, with ahost nicknamed 'Lord Haw-Haw', began broadcasting to audiences in the United Kingdom and the United States.
20 AprilAdolf Hitler's 50th birthday was celebrated as a nationalholiday in Nazi Germany.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1939:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 MaySumio Iijima / Engineer / Japan
03 MayAmos Oz / Author / Israel
03 AprilFrançois de Roubaix / Composer / France
04 NovemberMichael Meacher / Politician / United Kingdom
11 January Anne Heggtveit / Skier / Canada
12 March Jude Milhon / Author / United States of America
13 SeptemberGuntis Ulmanis / Politician / Latvia
14 OctoberRalph Lauren / Fashion Designer / United States of America
15 DecemberCindy Birdsong / Writer / United States of America
18 JuneBrooks Firestone / Politician / United States of America
19 MayLivio Berruti / Sprinter / Italy
21 JulyKim Fowley / Writer / United States of America
22 AprilJohn Foley / Politician / United Kingdom
23 March Terry Paine / Footballer / United Kingdom
24 JulyWalt Bellamy / Basketball Player / United States of America
27 March Jay Kim / Politician / South Korea
27 NovemberTony Green / Sportscaster / United Kingdom
27 OctoberSuzy Covey / Academic / United States of America
29 SeptemberLarry Linville / Actor / United States of America
30 AugustElizabeth Ashley / Actress / United States of America

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1939:

YearName / Profession / Country
15 SeptemberSubramanian Swamy / Academic / India
21 SeptemberAgnivesh / Philosopher / India
01 NovemberVed Prakash Malik / Soldier / India
10 March Asghar Ali Engineer / Author / India
02 MayV. N. Khare / Lawyer / India
22 NovemberMulayam Singh Yadav / Politician / India
25 SeptemberFeroz Khan / Actor / India
06 March Adam Osborne / Business Man / India
08 FebruaryJames Michael Lyngdoh / Civil Servant / India
14 OctoberDr. Suniti Solomon / Physician / India
21 NovemberMulayam Singh Yadav / Politician / India
03 March M. L. Jaisimha / Cricketer / India
20 JuneRamakant Desai / Cricketer / India
27 JuneR. D. Burman / Writer / India
13 JulyPrakash Mehra / Actor / India
16 JulyShringar Nagaraj / Actor / India
20 MayBalu Mahendra / Director / India
29 MarchJagdeep / Actor / India
11 NovemberRavindra Kalia / Author / India
25 SeptemberFeroz Khan / Actor / India

More years: 1909 | 1919 | 1929 | 1939 | 1949 | 1959 | 1969 | 1979 | 1989 | 1999 || 1539 | 1639 | 1739 | 1839 | 1939

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