1939 in History – What happened in year 1939

In history, year 1939 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1939.

Know what happened in 1939:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
04 JuneThe German ocean liner St. Louis, carrying 937 Jewish refugeesseeking political asylum from Nazi persecution, was denied permission toland in the United States, after already having been turned away fromCuba.
06 November As part of their plan to eradicate the Polish intellectualelite, the Gestapo arrested 184 professors, students and employees ofJagiellonian University in Kraków.
09 AprilAfter being denied permission to perform at Constitution Hall by the Daughters of the American Revolution, African American singer Marian Anderson gave an open-air concert on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.
12 DecemberThe Royal Navy destroyer HMS Duchess was rammed by thebattleship HMS Barham she was escorting and sank with heavy loss oflife.
18 DecemberSecond World War-The German Luftwaffe victory over the RoyalAir Force in the Battle of the Heligoland Bight greatly influenced bothsides' future air strategy.
18 September The Nazi propaganda radio programme Germany Calling, with ahost nicknamed 'Lord Haw-Haw', began broadcasting to audiences in theUnited Kingdom and the United States.
19 JuneFormer American baseball player Lou Gehrig was diagnosed withamyotrophic lateral sclerosis, now commonly known in the United Statesas 'Lou Gehrig's Disease'.
25 AugustThe United Kingdom and Poland entered into a military alliancefor mutual assistance in case of military invasion by 'a EuropeanPower'.
26 March Spanish Civil War-Nationalists began their final offensive of the war, at the end of which they controlled almost the entire country.
31 AugustNazi forces, posing as Poles, staged an attack against theGerman radio station Sender Gleiwitz in Gleiwitz, Upper Silesia,Germany, creating an excuse to invade Poland the next day.
15 DecemberThe American historical epic film Gone With the Wind (posterpictured), adapted from Margaret Mitchell's Pulitzer-winning novel ofthe same name, made its premiere in Atlanta, Georgia.
30 NovemberThe Winter War broke out as the Soviet Red Army invaded Finland(Finnish troops pictured) and quickly advanced to the Mannerheim Line,an action judged as illegal by the League of Nations.
17 SeptemberWorld War II-The Soviet Union invaded Poland from the east,sixteen days after Nazi Germany's attack on that country from the west.
30 SeptemberWorld War II-General Wladyslaw Sikorski became PrimeMinister of the Polish government-in-exile.
20 AprilBillie Holiday recorded her version of 'Strange Fruit', whichgained fame as an emblem of the Civil Rights Movement.
02 March Italian Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli was elected as Pope and tookthe name Pius XII.
10 FebruarySpanish Civil War-The Nationalists concluded their conquest ofCatalonia and sealed the border with France.
02 AugustPhysicist Leó Szilárd wrote a letter to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, signed by Albert Einstein, warning that Germany might develop atomic bombs, which led to the establishment of the Manhattan Project.
02 MarchItalian Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli was elected as Pope and tookthe name Pius XII (pictured).
03 MaySubhas Chandra Bose formed the All India Forward Bloc of the Indian National Congress in opposition to Gandhi's tactics of non-violence.
05 DecemberThe remains of Pedro II of Brazil, who was ousted and exiledin a republican coup, were buried after being repatriated.
06 NovemberAs part of their plan to eradicate the Polish intellectualelite, the Gestapo arrested 184 professors, students and employees ofJagiellonian University in Kraków.
09 AprilAfter being denied permission to perform at Constitution Hallby the Daughters of the American Revolution, African American singerMarian Anderson gave an open-air concert on the steps of the LincolnMemorial in Washington, D.C.
12 DecemberThe Royal Navy destroyer HMS Duchess collided with thebattleship HMS Barham she was escorting and sank with heavy loss oflife.
14 OctoberSecond World War-The German submarine U-47 torpedoed and sankthe British Royal Navy battleship HMS Royal Oak while the latter wasanchored at Scapa Flow in Orkney, Scotland.
15 DecemberThe American historical epic film Gone With the Wind (posterpictured), adapted from Margaret Mitchell's Pulitzer-winning novel ofthe same name, made its premiere in Atlanta, Georgia.
17 SeptemberWorld War II-The Soviet Union invaded Poland from the east, sixteen days after Nazi Germany's attack on that country from the west.
18 DecemberSecond World War-The German Luftwaffe victory over the Royal Air Force in the Battle of the Heligoland Bight greatly influenced bothsides' future air strategy.
18 SeptemberThe Nazi propaganda radio programme Germany Calling, with ahost nicknamed 'Lord Haw-Haw', began broadcasting to audiences in the United Kingdom and the United States.
20 AprilAdolf Hitler's 50th birthday was celebrated as a nationalholiday in Nazi Germany.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1939:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
03 January Bobby Hull / Ice Hockey Player / Canada
03 MayLeon Rochefort / Ice Hockey Player / Canada
04 NovemberGail E. Haley / Author / United States of America
06 January Georgios Babiniotis / Philologist / Greece
07 AprilBrett Whiteley / Painter / Australia
08 February Jose Maria Sison / Activist / Philippines
08 January Ruth Maleczech / Actress / United States of America
08 AugustAlexander Watson / Diplomat / United States of America
09 AugustHércules Brito Ruas / Footballer / Brazil
09 AugustButch Warren / Bassist / United States of America
10 AugustCharlie Rose / Politician / United States of America
10 AugustKate O'Mara / Actress / United Kingdom
13 AprilSeamus Heaney / Poet / Ireland
17 JulyAndrée Champagne / Politician / Canada
19 MayLivio Berruti / Sprinter / Italy
20 March Gerald Curran / Politician / United States of America
20 March Walter Jakob Gehring / Biologist / Switzerland
23 SeptemberSonny Vaccaro / Business Man / United States of America
25 AprilMichael Llewellyn-Smith / Academic / United Kingdom
31 DecemberWillye White / Sprinter / United States of America

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1939:

YearName / Profession / Country
25 SeptemberFeroz Khan / Actor / India
10 March Asghar Ali Engineer / Author / India
01 DecemberHemananda Biswal / Politician / India
25 SeptemberFeroz Khan / Actor / India
13 JulyPrakash Mehra / Actor / India
20 MayBalu Mahendra / Director / India
20 MayBalu Mahendra / Director / India
15 SeptemberSubramanian Swamy / Academic / India
27 JuneRahul Dev Burman / Musician / India
08 FebruaryJames Michael Lyngdoh / Civil Servant / India
21 SeptemberAgnivesh / Philosopher / India
28 JanuaryPratap Singh Rane / Politician / India
03 AugustApoorva Sengupta / Cricketer / India
14 OctoberDr. Suniti Solomon / Physician / India
01 NovemberVed Prakash Malik / Soldier / India
29 March Hanumant Singh / Cricketer / India
13 JulyPrakash Mehra / Producer / India
16 JulyShringar Nagaraj / Actor / India
22 NovemberMulayam Singh Yadav / Politician / India
01 JulyS. Rajendra Babu / Lawyer / India

More years: 1909 | 1919 | 1929 | 1939 | 1949 | 1959 | 1969 | 1979 | 1989 | 1999 || 1539 | 1639 | 1739 | 1839 | 1939

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