1942 in History – What happened in year 1942


In history, year 1942 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1942.

Know what happened in 1942:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
01 FebruaryVoice of America, the official external radio and television service of the United States federal government, began broadcasting with programs aimed at areas controlled by the Axis powers during World War II.
03 November World War II-U.S. Marines and U.S. Army forces began anattempt to encircle and destroy a regiment of Imperial Japanese Armytroops.
03 September The Holocaust-In possibly the first Jewish ghetto uprising,residents of the Lachwa Ghetto in occupied Poland, informed of theupcoming 'liquidation' of the ghetto, unsuccessfully fought againsttheir Nazi captors.
05 AprilSecond World War-Carrier-based aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy conduct the Easter Sunday Raid to disrupt the war effort of Commonwealth nations and force the British Eastern Fleet to leave Asian waters.
07 AugustWorld War II-U.S. Marines initiated the first Americanoffensive of the Guadalcanal campaign with landings on Guadalcanal andTulagi in the Solomon Islands.
08 AugustFollowing a speech by Mohandas K. Gandhi, the All IndiaCongress Committee passed the Quit India Resolution, calling for theimmediate independence of India from the United Kingdom.
09 AprilWorld War II-Japanese forces defeated Allied troops at the Battle of Bataan on the Bataan Peninsula in the Philippines before beginning to forcibly transfer more than 90,000 prisoners of war to prison camps in the Bataan Death March.
09 OctoberWorld War II-American forces defeated the Japanese at theThird Battle of the Matanikau in Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, avengingthe Japanese victory a couple of weeks earlier.
11 November World War II-The Allies (Field Marshal Bernard Montgomerypictured) defeated the Axis at the Second Battle of El Alamein, Egypt,turning the tide in the North African Campaign by ending Axis hopes oftaking control of the Suez Canal and thus gaining access east to theMiddle Eastern oil fields.
12 DecemberWorld War II-German troops began Operation Winter Storm, anattempt to relieve encircled Axis forces during the Battle ofStalingrad.
12 MayWorld War II-Soviet forces under Marshal Semyon Timoshenkolaunched a major offensive in the eastern Ukraine, only to be encircledand destroyed by German troops two weeks later.
12 September World War II-The Imperial Japanese Army began the Battle ofEdson's Ridge in an effort to retake Henderson Field on Guadalcanal.
15 AugustWorld War II-The tanker SS Ohio reached Malta, as part of anoperation to deliver much needed supplies during the Siege of Malta.
18 FebruaryWorld War II-The Imperial Japanese Army began the systematic extermination of perceived hostile elements among Chinese Singaporeans.
18 July German engineers test flew the Messerschmitt Me 262 with jetengines for the first time.
19 AugustSecond World War-Allied forces suffered over 3,000 casualtieswhen they unsuccessfully raided the German-occupied port of Dieppe,France.
19 November World War II-Soviet troops launched Operation Uranus at theBattle of Stalingrad, with the goal of encircling Axis forces, turningthe tide of the battle in the Soviet Union's favour.
20 January The Holocaust
21 AugustWorld War II-The Imperial Japanese Army lost the Battle of theTenaru, the first of its three major land offensives during theGuadalcanal Campaign.
21 September The prototype model of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress, a four-engine heavy bomber that became one of the largest aircraft to seeservice during World War II, flew for the first time.
23 July The Holocaust-The gas chambers at Treblinka extermination campbegan operation, killing 6,500 Jews that had been transported from theWarsaw Ghetto the day before.
23 OctoberWorld War II-Japanese forces began their ill-fated attempt torecapture Henderson Field from the Americans.
24 AugustWorld War II-Bombers from the United States aircraft carrierSaratoga sank the Japanese aircraft carrier Ryujo near Santa Isabel,Solomon Islands, helping to lead to an Allied victory.
25 AugustSecond World War-Japanese forces attacked the Australian baseat Milne Bay on the eastern tip of New Guinea.
28 JuneWorld War II-The German Wehrmacht launched Case Blue, astrategic summer offensive intended to knock the Soviet Union out of thewar.
29 MayBing Crosby recorded his version of the song 'White Christmas',which went on to become the best-selling single of all time, with over50 million copies sold.
30 AugustSecond World War-Erwin Rommel launched the last major Axisoffensive of the Western Desert Campaign, attacking the British EighthArmy position near El Alamein, Egypt.
30 OctoberSecond World War-British sailors boarded German submarineU-559 as it was sinking and retrieved cryptographic materials thatproved crucial to breaking the Enigma code.
31 January Second World War-Allied forces retreated from British Malaya to Singapore, ceding control of the country to Japan.
12 SeptemberA U-boat sank RMS Laconia with a torpedo off the coast of WestAfrica and attempted to rescue the passengers, which included some 80civilians, 160 Polish and 268 British soldiers and about 1800 ItalianPOWs.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1942:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 AprilSamuel R. Delany / Author / United States of America
01 JulyGeneviève Bujold / Actress / Canada
02 January Thomas Hammarberg / Lawyer / Sweden
03 AprilBilly Joe Royal / Writer / United States of America
07 AugustRichard Sykes / Academic / United Kingdom
11 SeptemberLola Falana / Actress / United States of America
14 SeptemberBernard MacLaverty / Author / Ireland
16 AugustBarbara George / Writer / United States of America
16 SeptemberBernie Calvert / Bass Player / United Kingdom
16 March Jerry Jeff Walker / Writer / United States of America
16 JulyMargaret Court / Tennis Player / Australia
17 NovemberDerek Clayton / Runner / United Kingdom
18 AprilRobert Christgau / Journalist / United States of America
22 AprilMary Prior / Politician / United Kingdom
23 OctoberBernd Erdmann / Footballer / Germany
24 SeptemberGerry Marsden / Writer / United Kingdom
24 OctoberRafael Cordero Santiago / Politician / Puerto Rico
25 DecemberBarbara Follett / Politician / United Kingdom
26 JuneGilberto Gil / Singer / Brazil
30 DecemberRobert Quine / Guitarist / United States of America

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1942:

YearName / Profession / Country
19 MayLal Thanhawla / Politician / India
21 March Patcha Ramachandra Rao / Educator / India
29 DecemberRajesh Khanna / Actor / India
01 JanuaryBaleshwar Yadav / Singer / India
24 DecemberIndra Bania / Actor / India
11 MarchAmarinder Singh / Politician / India
02 OctoberAsha Parekh / Actress / India
27 DecemberAlbert Ekka / Soldier / India
09 FebruaryRajkumar Jayachandra Singh / Politician / India
14 JanuaryYogesh Kumar Sabharwal / Lawyer / India
14 NovemberMamoni Raisom Goswami / Writer / India
11 OctoberAmitabh Bachchan / Actor / India
17 JuneBhagat Singh Koshyari / Politician / India
07 AprilJitendra / Actor / India
01 MarchRamesh Upadhyay / Writer / India
23 MayKovelamudi Raghavendra Rao / Writer / India
21 JulyMallikarjun Kharge / Politician / India
11 OctoberAmitabh Bachchan / Actor / India
24 February Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak / Philosopher / India

More years: 1902 | 1912 | 1922 | 1932 | 1942 | 1952 | 1962 | 1972 | 1982 | 1992 || 1542 | 1642 | 1742 | 1842 | 1942

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