1943 in History – What happened in year 1943

In history, year 1943 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1943.

Know what happened in 1943:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
03 JuneOff-duty US sailors fought with Mexican American youths in LosAngeles, spawning the Zoot Suit Riots.
07 FebruaryWorld War II-Japan successfully withdrew its troops from Guadalcanal.
13 March The Holocaust-Nazi troops began liquidating the Jewish Ghetto in Kraków, Poland, sending about 8,000 Jews deemed able to work to the Plaszow labor camp , with the rest either killed or sent to Auschwitz.
16 MayRoyal Air Force Dambusters embarked on a raid to deploybouncing bombs on German dams in Operation Chastise during the SecondWorld War.
17 OctoberThe Holocaust-Three days after a successful revolt by inmates,Sobibor extermination camp in eastern Poland was closed.
18 FebruaryJoseph Goebbels , Hitler's propaganda minister, delivered the Sportpalast speech to motivate the German people when the tide of World War II was turning against Germany.
18 January World War II
19 OctoberStreptomycin (pictured), the first antibiotic remedy fortuberculosis, was first isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
20 FebruaryA fissure opened in a cornfield in the Mexican state of Michoacán and turned into the cinder cone volcano Parícutin , growing 424 m (1,391 ft) in eight years.
21 March Second World War-Wehrmacht officer Rudolf Christoph von Gersdorff attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler by suicide bombing, but had to abort the plan at the last minute.
23 AugustWorld War II-The decisive Soviet victory in the Battle ofKursk gave the Red Army the strategic initiative for the rest of thewar.
30 AprilSecond World War-The Royal Navy submarine HMS Seraph deposited the body of a supposed British military intelligence officer with false documents off the coast of Spain to deceive Germany about the upcoming invasion of Sicily.
02 DecemberWorld War II-The Luftwaffe conducted a surprise air raid onAllied ships in Bari, Italy, sinking 18 ships and releasing one ship'ssecret cargo of mustard gas.
28 DecemberSecond World War-After eight days of brutal house-to-housefighting, the 1st Canadian Infantry Division captured the Italian townof Ortona.
15 NovemberThe Holocaust-Heinrich Himmler ordered that Romanies were tobe put 'on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps'.
18 NovemberSecond World War-The Royal Air Force began its bombingcampaign against Berlin (ruins of the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Churchpictured).
19 NovemberThe Holocaust-Inmates at the Janowska concentration camp nearmodern Lviv, Ukraine, staged a failed uprising, after which the SSliquidated the camp, resulting in at least 6,000 deaths.
10 OctoberWorld War II-The Kempeitai, the military police arm of theImperial Japanese Army, arrested and tortured over 50 civilians andcivilian internees on suspicion of their involvement in a raid onSingapore Harbour during Operation Jaywick.
13 OctoberWorld War II-With a new government led by General PietroBadoglio, parts of Italy switched sides to the Allies and declared waron the Axis Powers.
14 OctoberWorld War II-During the second raid on Schweinfurt, the US8th Air Force suffered so many losses that it lost air supremacy overGermany for several months.
17 OctoberThe Holocaust-Three days after a successful revolt by inmates,Sobibor extermination camp in eastern Poland was closed.
19 OctoberStreptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, wasfirst isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
06 SeptemberA group of businessmen in Monterrey, Mexico, founded theMonterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education, now one of thelargest universities in Latin America.
20 SeptemberWorld War II-Australian troops defeated Imperial Japaneseforces at the Battle of Kaiapit in New Guinea.
23 AugustWorld War II-The decisive Soviet victory in the Battle ofKursk gave the Red Army the strategic initiative for the rest of thewar.
01 JulyTokyo City was dissolved, with its territory divided into thespecial wards of the newly created Tokyo Metropolis.
09 JulyWorld War II-The Allies began their invasion of Sicily, alarge scale amphibious and airborne operation, followed by six weeks ofland combat.
11 JulyIn a massive ethnic cleansing operation, units of the UkrainianInsurgent Army attacked various Polish villages in the Volhynia regionof present-day Ukraine, killing the Polish civilians and burning thosesettlements to the ground.
12 JulyWorld War II-German and Soviet forces engaged each other atthe Battle of Prokhorovka, one of the largest tank battles in militaryhistory (Soviet T-34 tank pictured).
24 JulySecond World War-RAF Bomber Command began Operation Gomorrah,the strategic bombing of Hamburg, Germany, eventually killing at least50,000 and leaving over a million others homeless.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1943:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 January Vladimir Šeks / Politician / Croatia
02 AugustHerbert M. Allison / Business Man / United States of America
04 JulyEmerson Boozer / Footballer / United States of America
06 AprilMitchell Melton / Politician / United States of America
07 MayPeter Carey / Writer / Australia
10 AprilAndrzej Badeński / Sprinter / Germany
11 March Arturo Merzario / Racing Car Driver / Italy
12 NovemberErrol Brown / Writer / United Kingdom
12 JulyPaul Silas / Basketball Player / United States of America
13 SeptemberMildred D. Taylor / Author / United States of America
15 OctoberPenny Marshall / Actress / United States of America
18 AugustGianni Rivera / Footballer / Italy
21 JulyHenry McCullough / Singer / Ireland
21 January Rosemary Butler / Politician / United Kingdom
22 SeptemberBarry Cable / Footballer / Australia
23 JuneJames Levine / Pianist / United States of America
23 MayPeter Kenilorea / Politician / Solomon Islands
25 MayJessi Colter / Writer / United States of America
28 OctoberJimmy McRae / Racing Car Driver / Scotland
29 NovemberJanet Holmes à Court / Business Woman / Australia

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1943:

YearName / Profession / Country
27 FebruaryB. S. Yeddyurappa / Politician / India
23 SeptemberTanuja / Actress / India
03 JanuaryNirmal Chander Vij / Soldier / India
31 OctoberUmman Chandi / Politician / India
17 JulyNirmal Jit Singh Sekhon / Soldier / India
08 AprilGiridhar Gamang / Politician / India
30 JuneSaeed Akhtar Mirza / Writer / India
06 JuneAsif Iqbal / Cricketer / India
24 January Subhash Ghai / Producer / India
15 MarchSahib Singh Verma / Politician / India
01 JanuaryRaghunath Anant Mashelkar / Scientist / India
21 JanuaryPratibha Roy / Author / India
11 NovemberAnil Kakodkar / Scientist / India
24 NovemberMontek Singh Ahluwalia / Economist / India
12 AprilSumitra Mahajan / Politician / India
03 MayPrasanta Pattanaik / Academic / India
10 AugustShafqat Rana / Cricketer / India
12 AprilSumitra Mahajan / Politician / India
23 AugustRita Faria / Doctor / India

More years: 1903 | 1913 | 1923 | 1933 | 1943 | 1953 | 1963 | 1973 | 1983 | 1993 || 1543 | 1643 | 1743 | 1843 | 1943

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