1944 in History – What happened in year 1944

In history, year 1944 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1944.

Know what happened in 1944:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
01 March World War II-American and Australian troops won the Battle of Sio in New Guinea, killing more than 2,000 Japanese soldiers.
07 OctoberThe Holocaust-When members of the Sonderkommando—Jewish workunits in Auschwitz—learned that they were due to be murdered, theystaged a revolt, managing to kill more than 70 SS men before beingmassacred themselves.
10 AugustThe German Army Detachment 'Narwa' prevented the SovietLeningrad Front from capturing the strategically important Narva Isthmusin Estonia.
12 AugustAfter a week of indiscriminate killing of civilians in Wola,Warsaw, Poland, SS General Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski ordered that anyremaining Poles be sent to labour or concentration camps.
17 DecemberNazi troops under Joachim Peiper killed unarmed prisoners ofwar, captured during the Battle of the Bulge, with machine guns nearMalmedy, Belgium.
22 DecemberWorld War II-US Army General Anthony McAuliffe responded tothe German ultimatum of surrender during the Battle of the Bulge with asingle word, 'NUTS!'
22 January World War II-The Allies commenced Operation Shingle, an amphibious landing against Axis forces in the area of Anzio and Nettuno, Italy.
23 FebruaryIn response to an insurgency in Chechnya, the Soviet Union began the forced deportation of native Chechen and Ingush populations of North Caucasus to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
24 March Second World War-Captured Allied airmen began 'the Great Escape', breaking out of the German prison camp Stalag Luft III.
25 OctoberHeinrich Himmler ordered a crackdown on the Edelweiss Pirates,a nonconformist youth group that assisted army deserters and othershiding from the Nazis.
29 January World War II-At least 38 people were killed and about a dozen injured when the Polish village of Koniuchy (present-day Kaniukai, Lithuania) was attacked by Soviet partisan units.
25 OctoberUSS Tang, the United States Navy submarine credited withsinking more ships than any other American submarine, sank when it wasstruck by its own torpedo.
26 OctoberWorld War II-In one of the largest naval battles in modernhistory, Allied forces defeated the Imperial Japanese Navy at the Battleof Leyte Gulf in the seas surrounding the Philippine island of Leyte.
15 SeptemberAmerican and Australian forces landed on the Japanese-occupiedisland of Morotai, starting the Battle of Morotai.
01 AugustWorld War II-The Polish Home Army began the Warsaw Uprising inWarsaw against the Nazi occupation of Poland, a rebellion that lasted 63days until it was quelled by the Germans.
20 JulyAdolf Hitler survived an assassination attempt by GermanResistance member Claus von Stauffenberg (pictured), who hid a bombinside a briefcase during a conference at the Wolfsschanze militaryheadquarters in East Prussia.
04 JuneA United States Navy task group captured German submarine U-505(pictured), which survives today as a museum ship at the Museum ofScience and Industry in Chicago.
25 JuneWorld War II-United States Navy and Royal Navy ships bombardedCherbourg, France, to support U.S. Army units engaged in the Battle ofCherbourg.
18 MayWorld War II-Polish forces under Lieutenant GeneralWladyslaw Anders captured Monte Cassino, Italy, after a four-monthbattle.
24 FebruaryWorld War II-The United States Army long-range penetrationspecial operations unit known as Merrill's Marauders began a 1000-mile(1600 km) march over the Patkai region of the Himalayas and into theBurmese jungle behind Japanese lines.
01 MarchWorld War II-American and Australian troops won the Battle of Sio in New Guinea.
04 JuneA United States Navy task group captured German submarine U-505, the first warship to be captured by U.S. forces on the highseas since the War of 1812.
04 MarchMurder, Inc. leader Louis Buchalter was executed, the onlymajor mob boss to receive the death penalty in the United States afterbeing convicted of murder.
06 NovemberThe Hanford Atomic Facility in the U.S. state of Washingtonproduced its first plutonium, and it would go on to create more foralmost the entire American nuclear arsenal.
06 SeptemberWorld War II-Soviet forces captured the city of Tartu on theirway to re-establishing their rule in Estonia.
07 OctoberThe Holocaust-When members of the Sonderkommando—Jewish workunits in Auschwitz—learned that they were due to be murdered, theystaged a revolt, managing to kill more than 70 SS men before beingmassacred themselves.
07 AugustIBM presented the first program-controlled calculator toHarvard University, after which it became known as the Mark I(pictured).
09 MarchWorld War II-As part of the Battle of Narva, the Soviet Air Forces heavily bombed Tallinn, Estonia, killing up to 800 people, mostlycivilians.
12 NovemberSecond World War-The Royal Air Force sank the German battleship Tirpitz on the ninth attempt, resulting in about 1,000 deaths of the sailors on board.
12 AugustAfter a week of indiscriminate killing of civilians in Wola,Warsaw, Poland, SS General Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski ordered that anyremaining Poles be sent to labour or concentration camps.


List of famous birthdays in the year 1944:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
04 AprilMary Kenny / Author / Ireland
04 March Anthony Ichiro Sanda / Academic / United States of America
04 DecemberDennis Wilson / Writer / United States of America
05 AugustChristopher Gunning / Composer / United Kingdom
06 MayAnton Furst / Director / United States of America
08 JuneBoz Scaggs / Writer / United States of America
08 March Sergey Nikitin / Writer / Russia
11 AugustIan McDiarmid / Actor / Scotland
13 AprilSusan Davis / Politician / United States of America
15 DecemberJim Leyland / Baseball Player / United States of America
15 March Francis Mankiewicz / Producer / Canada
18 January Kei Ogura / Singer / Japan
19 AprilJames Heckman / Academic / United States of America
19 JulyAndres Vooremaa / Chess Player / Estonia
22 February Christopher Meyer / Diplomat / United Kingdom
23 NovemberPeter Lindbergh / Director / Germany
25 AugustAnthony Heald / Actor / United States of America
28 DecemberKary Mullis / Academic / United States of America
29 JuneAndreu Mas-Colell / Academic / Spain
31 JulyRobert C. Merton / Academic / United States of America

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1944:

YearName / Profession / Country
20 AugustRajiv Gandhi / Politician / India
21 MarchPinarayi Vijayan / Politician / India
20 AugustRajiv Gandhi / Politician / India
04 NovemberDr Padmavathy Bandopadhyay / Flying Officer / India
13 JulyPu Zoramthanga / Politician / India
09 NovemberChitresh Das / Choreographer / India
06 OctoberJitranram Manjhi / Politician / India
21 OctoberKulbhushan Kharbanda / Actor / India
10 AprilPrem Kumar Dhumal / Politician / India
30 NovemberRameshchandra Agrawal / Journalist / India
24 DecemberOswald Gracias / Cardinal / India
04 AugustDilip Prabhavalkar / Actor / India
11 January Shibu Soren / Politician / India
NA NATej P. Singh / Scientist / India
09 JulyTabassum / Actress / India
25 DecemberMani Kaul / Director / India
01 MarchBuddhadev Bhattacharya / Politician / India
01 JanuaryParikshit Sahni / Actor / India
11 JanuaryShibu Soren / Politician / India
16 OctoberLachhu Maharaj / Instrumentalist / India

More years: 1904 | 1914 | 1924 | 1934 | 1944 | 1954 | 1964 | 1974 | 1984 | 1994 || 1544 | 1644 | 1744 | 1844 | 1944

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