1955 in History – What happened in year 1955


In history, year 1955 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1955.

Know what happened in 1955:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
13 JuneSoviet geologists discovered the Mir mine (pictured), the firstdiamond mine in the USSR and the second largest excavated hole in theworld, in Eastern Siberia.
20 DecemberCardiff was proclaimed as the capital of Wales.
23 November The Cocos Islands in the Indian Ocean were transferred fromBritish to Australian control.
26 OctoberNgo Dinh Diem proclaimed himself president of the newly createdRepublic of Vietnam after defeating former Emperor Bao Dai in afraudulent referendum supervised by his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu.
28 AugustAfrican American teenager Emmett Till was murdered near Money,Mississippi, for flirting with a white woman, energizing the nascentAmerican Civil Rights Movement.
30 September American film actor James Dean suffered fatal injuries in ahead-on car accident near Cholame, California.
01 DecemberIn a key event in the African-American Civil Rights Movement,Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a public busto a white man in Montgomery, Alabama, sparking the Montgomery BusBoycott.
20 DecemberCardiff (Cardiff City Hall pictured) was proclaimed as thecapital of Wales.
06 SeptemberA Turkish mob attacked ethnic Greeks in Istanbul, killing atleast 13 people and damaging more than 5,000 Greek-owned homes andbusinesses.
12 MayThe Allied occupation of Austria came to an end, with thenation regaining its independence ten years after the end of WorldWar II.
18 MayOperation Passage to Freedom, the evacuation of 310,000Vietnamese civilians, soldiers and non-Vietnamese members of the FrenchArmy from communist North Vietnam to South Vietnam following the end ofthe First Indochina War, ended.
25 MayEnglishmen Joe Brown and George Band became the first to climbKangchenjunga, the third-highest mountain in the world, but stoppedshort of the summit as per a promise given to the Maharaja of Sikkimthat the top would remain inviolate.
07 AprilAware that he was slowing down both physically and mentally inhis old age, Winston Churchill retired as Prime Minister of the UnitedKingdom.
11 JuneMore than 80 people were killed after Pierre Levegh and LanceMacklin collided during the 23rd running of the 24 Hours of Le Manssports car endurance race.
11 AprilAir India's Kashmir Princess was destroyed in mid-air by a bombin an assassination attempt on Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai, who had notbeen on board.
20 DecemberCardiff (Cardiff City Hall pictured) was proclaimed as thecapital of Wales.
01 DecemberIn a key event in the African-American Civil Rights Movement, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a public busto a white man in Montgomery, Alabama, sparking the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
20 DecemberCardiff (Cardiff City Hall pictured) was proclaimed as thecapital of Wales.
24 DecemberThe NORAD Tracks Santa program began when children begancalling the Continental Air Defense Command Center to inquire aboutSanta Claus' whereabouts due to a misprinted phone number.
23 NovemberThe Cocos Islands in the Indian Ocean were transferred fromBritish to Australian control.
26 OctoberNgo Dinh Diem proclaimed himself president of the newly createdRepublic of Vietnam after defeating former Emperor Bao Dai in afraudulent referendum supervised by his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu.
06 SeptemberA Turkish mob attacked ethnic Greeks in Istanbul, killing atleast 13 people and damaging more than 5,000 Greek-owned homes andbusinesses.
22 SeptemberITV was founded as the first commercial television network in the United Kingdom.
28 AugustAfrican American teenager Emmett Till was murdered near Money,Mississippi, for flirting with a white woman, energizing the nascentAmerican Civil Rights Movement.
11 JuneMore than 80 people were killed after cars driven by PierreLevegh and Lance Macklin collided during the 23rd running of the 24Hours of Le Mans sports car endurance race.
12 MayThe Allied occupation of Austria came to an end, with the nation regaining its independence ten years after the end of World War II.
18 MayOperation Passage to Freedom, the evacuation of 310,000 Vietnamese civilians, soldiers and non-Vietnamese members of the French Army from communist North Vietnam to South Vietnam following the end ofthe First Indochina War, ended.
07 AprilAware that he was slowing down both physically and mentally inhis old age, Winston Churchill retired as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
17 MarchSix thousand people in Montreal rioted to protest thesuspension of ice hockey star Maurice Richard.
17 JanuaryUSS Nautilus, the first nuclear-powered submarine, put to seafor the first time from Groton, Connecticut, with the message, 'Underwayon nuclear power.'


List of famous birthdays in the year 1955:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
04 DecemberDave Taylor / Ice Hockey Player / United States of America
05 NovemberKris Jenner / Talent Manager / United States of America
05 AprilAnthony Horowitz / Author / United Kingdom
07 OctoberRalph Johnson / Author / United States of America
10 JulyNic Dakin / Politician / United Kingdom
10 February Greg Norman / Golfer / Australia
13 March Olga Rukavishnikova / Pentathlete / Russia
14 JulyL. Brent Bozell III / Journalist / United States of America
15 OctoberEmma Chichester Clark / Author / United Kingdom
15 MayLia Vissi / Singer / Cyprus
15 DecemberHector Sants / Banker / United Kingdom
18 OctoberDavid Twohy / Producer / United States of America
23 AprilJudy Davis / Actress / Australia
24 AprilBill Osborne / Rugby Player / New Zealand
25 SeptemberZucchero Fornaciari / Writer / Italy
26 MayWesley Walker / Footballer / United States of America
27 January John Roberts / Lawyer / United States of America
27 NovemberBill Nye / Engineer / United States of America
28 JuneEric Gates / Footballer / United Kingdom
29 March Earl Campbell / Footballer / United States of America

List of famous Indian birthdays in the year 1955:

YearName / Profession / Country
05 NovemberKaran Thapar / Author / India
22 AugustChiranjeevi / Actor / India
05 January Mamata Banerjee / Politician / India
01 MayMamata Banerjee / Politician / India
06 JuneSuresh Bhardwaj / Director / India
02 JuneNandan Nilekani / Business Man / India
07 MayPramod Muthu / Actor / India
03 MarchJaspal Bhatti / Actor / India
13 DecemberManohar Parrikar / Politician / India
03 MayRaghubar Das / Politician / India
02 JuneMani Ratnam / Producer / India
19 MarchDorjee Khandu / Politician / India
28 OctoberIndra Nooyi / Business Woman / India
24 MayRajesh Roshan / Composer / India
16 AugustDavid Dhawan / Actor / India
22 JulyMazhar Khan / Actor / India
17 DecemberJagadish Shettar / Politician / India
19 JulyRoger Binny / Cricketer / India
15 OctoberKulbir Bhaura / Hockey Player / India
18 DecemberVijay Mallya / Politician / India

More years: 1905 | 1915 | 1925 | 1935 | 1945 | 1955 | 1965 | 1975 | 1985 | 1995 || 1555 | 1655 | 1755 | 1855 | 1955

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